Lesson 58

  1. Conjunctions – Because, Since & As
  2. Examples
  3. Exercises
  4. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 58 Conjunctions – Part 3 ( Because, Since & As)

Today we are going to see about another three conjugations. Because, Since and As.

‘Because’ is used to express a reason.

He is the best student because he studies a lot.

The because is replaced by since and as in some sentences.This is a case not only in English, but also in Tamil too.
Now let us see how we frame such sentences using Because, Since and As.

 

For ‘Because/ Since/ As’ – ennaa / -aale

Ex:

1. He is the best student because he studies a lot.
Avan thaan sirandha maanavan, ennaa avan romba adhigamaa padikiren.

2. Since he studies a lot, he is the best student.
Avan romba adhigamaa padikradhaale, avan thaan sirandha maanavan.

3. He is the best student, as he studies a lot.
Avan romba adhigamaa padikradhaale, avan thaan sirandha maanavan.

The since and the as pattern is usually similar and they are the ones that are most commonly used in the spoken form.

Since and As are used in other sentences, where they have a different meaning. But now let’s see when they are used as a equivalent of Because.

 

Examples


Inaikku Kaadhalar dhinam endrathaal, Vikram Rathikku oru modhiram vaangi-irukkaan. Vikram has bought a ring for Rathi, as it is Valentine’s day.

We do not speak this way. Now let us see how we speak …

Vikram Rathikku oru modhiram vaangi-irukkaan, ennaa inaikku Kaadhalar dhinam. Vikram has bought a ring for Rathi, as it is Valentine’s day.
Adhu romba vilai adhigam ennaa, andha kal romba aridhaanadhu. It is an expensive ring as it is a very rare gem.

Now look at the sentence given below. It is in the written form. Now try to use the spoken form …

Vikram romba anbaanavan endrathaal, Rathikkum Vikram romba pidikkum. Rathi too loves Vikram because he is a loving person.

 


Inaikku, Prem-kku romba adhigamaa juram irukku. Avan neththu ice-cream saapittaan. Prem has a high fever. He ate ice cream yesterday.

Now let us try to use the –ennaa and connect the two sentences:

Inaikku, Prem-kku romba juram irukku, ennaa neththu avan niraya ice-cream saapitaan. Prem has a high fever today, because he ate ice-creams yesterday.
Avanukku marundhu kudikka pidikkale. Adhu romba kasappaa irukku. He doesn’t like to drink his medicine. It is very bitter.

Now let us try to use the –ennaa and connect the two sentences:

Avanukku marundhu kudikka pidikkale, ennaa adhu romba kasappa irukku. He doesn’t like to drink the medicine, as it is too bitter.

 


Viji-kku avaloda naai Mani romba pidikkum. Adhu eppavum avalukku keezhpadiyum. Viji loves her dog, Mani. It always obeys her.

Now let us try to use the –ennaa and connect the two sentences:

Vijikku avaloda naai, Mani-a romba pidikkum, ennaa adhu avalukku eppavum keezhpadiyum. Viji loves her dog, Mani, because it always obeys her.
Mani oru elumbu thundu pidikka oduraan. Avanukku elumbu-na romba pidikkum. Mani is running to catch a piece of bone. He likes bones very much.

Now let us try to use the –ennaa and connect the two sentences:

Mani oru elumbu thund-a pidika oduraan, ennaa avanukku elumbu-na romba pidikkum. Mani is running to catch a piece of bone, as he loves bones.

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Kaadhalar dhinam:
_________________________________________________________

2. modhiram:
_________________________________________________________

3. vilai:
_________________________________________________________

4. kal:
_________________________________________________________

5. aridhu:
_________________________________________________________

6. ennaa:
_________________________________________________________

7. elumbu thundu:
_________________________________________________________

8. pidikka odu :
_________________________________________________________

9. kasappu:
_________________________________________________________

10. niraya:
_________________________________________________________

11. juram:
_________________________________________________________

12. marundhu:
_________________________________________________________

13. kudikka pidikkale:
_________________________________________________________

14. keezhpadi:
_________________________________________________________

15. eppavum:
_________________________________________________________

16. inaikku :
_________________________________________________________

17. neththu:
_________________________________________________________

18. saapittaan:
_________________________________________________________

19. vilai adhigam:
_________________________________________________________

20. anbaanavar:
_________________________________________________________

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Kaadhalar dhinam – Valentine’s day
Modhiram – Ring
Vilai adhigam – Expensive, costly
Aridhu – Rare
Vaangi-irukkaan – He has bought
Kal – Stone/ gem
Anbaanavan – He is loving
Juram – Fever
Marundhu – Medicine
Kudikka – To drink (present participle)
Keezhpadi – Obey
Eppavum – Always
Inaikku – Today
Neththu – Yesterday
Elumbu – Bone
Elumbu thundu – A piece of bone
Pidikka odu – Runs to catch
Kasappu – Bitter

 

Translate:


1. She washed the clothes because they were very dirty.

2. He bought me some flowers because I was angry.

3. I love eating donuts because they are very sweet and tasty.

4. The school was quiet, as the boys had gone for a match.

5. I sold the old watch because it did not work.

6. Everyone loves him, because he looks handsome.

7. He sleeps because he is very tired.

8. She was beautiful, because her mom too was beautiful.

9. He loved her, because her father was a millionaire.

10. They don’t eat meat, because they are vegans .

11. My mom shouted, because I broke her favorite vase.

12. He asked for a pen, because he did not have one.

13. The chef prepares plum cakes, because it’s Christmas time.

 

Try to describe the picture: