Lesson 60

  1. Conjunctions – Because & So
  2. Examples
  3. Exercises
  4. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 60 Conjunctions – Part 4 ( Because & So)

Because and so are usually used in a sentence that is a reply to a ‘Why’ question.

Ex:

Why is he the best student?
He is the best student because he studies a lot.
He studies a lot so he is the best student.

So WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN “SO” AND “BECAUSE”?

Use ‘because’ to express a reason:

He is the best student because he studies a lot.
(result) <———- (reason)

Use ‘so’ to express a result:

He studies a lot, so he is the best student.

(reason) ——–> (result)
Now let us see what happens in Tamil.

 

For ‘Because/ So – ennaa / -adhanaale

Ex:

1. Why is he the best student? Yen, Avan thaan sirandha maanavan?
He is the best student because he studies a lot. Avan thaan sirandha maanavan, ennaa avan romba adhigamaa padikiren.

2. Why is he the best student? Yedhanaale, Avan thaan sirandha maanavan?
He studies a lot, so he is the best student. Avan romba padippaan, adhanaale avan thaan sirandha maanavan.

 

Examples


Jeyanth-um avaroda manaivu-um eppavum padathukku povaanga. Aanaa inaikku avangaloda pasangalum vandhirukaanga. Yen?. Jeyanth and his wife usually go to the movie, but today why have his kids come along too.
Inaikku avanga ellarum padathukku vandhirukaanga, yenaa, idhu oru kuzhandhaigal padam. They all have come today, because it is a kids’ movie.
Avanga ellarum kannaadi pottu irukaanga. Edhanaale indha kannaadi potu-irukaanga? They are all wearing glasses. Why are they all wearing glasses?
Adhu oru 3D padam, adhanaale avanga ellarum andha kannaadi potu-irukaanga. That is a 3D movie, so they are wearing those glasses.

This sentence could also be framed like this …

Avanga ellarum kanaadi potu-irukaanga, yenaa idhu oru 3D padam. They all are wearing these glasses because it is a 3D movie.

 


Madhu : Amma, enakku yen juram vandhichu? Mom, why am I sick?
Amma : Neththu nee mazhai-la nananjitte. Adhanaale thaan unakku juram vandhadhu. Vaa namma doctor kitta pogalaam. Yesterday, you got wet in the rain. So you have fever. Come, let’s go to the doctor.
Madhu : Aanaa, doctor kitta edhukku poganum. Enakku doctor kitta poga vendaam. But , why should we go to a doctor? I don’t want to go to the doctor.
Amma : Doctor kitta kattaayamaa poganum, yenaa, naalaikku nee pallikku poganum. Naalaikku unakku paritchai irukku. We have to go to the doctor, for sure, because you have to go to the school. Tomorrow you have an exam.

This sentence could also be framed like this …

Amma : Naalaikku Nee palli-kku poganum. Unakku paritchai irukku. Adhanaale ippo doctor kitta kattaayamaa poganum. Tomorrow, you have an exam. And you have to go to the school. So you should go to the doctor now.

 


Anna, neenga yen tholaikaatchi alaivarisai-a maathitte irukeenga? Anna, why do you keep on changing the television channels?
Inaikku oru nalla padam irukku. Adhanaale adhai theduren. There is a good movie today, and so I am searching for it.
Aana, ippo yen tholaikaatchi-a anaichitteenga? But, why have you turned it off now?
Enakku andha padam kidaikkale, adhanaale naan tholaikaatchi-a anaichitten. I haven’t got it, so I turned it off.

This sentence could also be framed like this …

Naan tholaikkaatchi-a anaichitten, ennaa, enakku andha padam kidaikkale. I turned off the tv, because I did not get the movie.

 


Yamini, violin vaasikka kathukkiraa, adhanaale ava dhinamum payirchi seivaa. Yaamini is practicing violin, because she is learning to play the violin.
Avaloda veetule yaarume illai, adhanaale ava romba saththamaa vaasikiraa. There is no one at home, so she is playing it loudly.
Avalukku naalaikku oru kachcheri irukku. Adhanaale ava ippo vaasichi pazhagittu irukkaa. She has a concert tomorrow. So she is practicing now.

This sentence could also be framed like this …

Ava ippo violin vaasichi pazhaguraa. Yenaa, avalukku naalaikku oru kachcheri irukku. She is practicing the violin, because she has a concert tomorrow.

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. edhanaale:
_________________________________________________________

2. idhanaale:
_________________________________________________________

3. aanaa:
_________________________________________________________

4. yenna/ ennaa:
_________________________________________________________

5. kuzhandhainga padam:
_________________________________________________________

6. tholaikaatchi:
_________________________________________________________

7. saththamaa:
_________________________________________________________

8. pazhagu :
_________________________________________________________

9. anaichidu:
_________________________________________________________

10. kachcheri:
_________________________________________________________

11. juram:
_________________________________________________________

12. kannaadi:
_________________________________________________________

13. ellaarum:
_________________________________________________________

14. maaththu:
_________________________________________________________

15. kaththuko:
_________________________________________________________

16. alavarisai :
_________________________________________________________

17. neththu:
_________________________________________________________

18. yaarume illa:
_________________________________________________________

19. theduraan:
_________________________________________________________

20. mazhai:
_________________________________________________________

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Manaivi – wife
Padam – movie/ picture
Pasanga – children
Kuzhandhainga padam – kids’ movie
Ellaarum – everyone
Kannaadi – glasses
Edhanale – why
Idhanaale – This is why/ So
Yenaa/ ennaa – Because
Mazhai – Rain
Nanai – To get wet
Adhukku – For that
Edhukku – For what/ why
Tholaikaatchi – Television
Alaivarisai – Channel
Maaththu – To change
Anai – To turn off/ switch off
Vaasi – To play
Kaththukiraa – She is learning
Payirchi – Practice
Yaarume illa – No one/ none/ nobody
Saththamaa – Loud
Kachcheri – Concert
Pazhagu – Practice
Thedu – Find

 

Translate:


1. She wanted that doll, so she cried.

2. He did not come, so I was angry.

3. I love eating donuts so my mother bought some donuts.

4. The school was quiet, as the boys had gone for a match.

5. I sold the old watch because I wanted a new one.

6. Everyone loves him, because he looks handsome.

7. He sleeps because he is very tired.

8. She was beautiful, because her mom too was beautiful.

9. She was rich and so he loved her.

10. They are vegans, so they eat only vegetables.

11. My mom shouted, because I broke her favorite vase.

12. I did not have a pen, so he gave me one.

13. It is Diwali, so the children are bursting crackers..

 

Try to describe the picture: