Lesson 57

  1. Conjunctions – BUT
  2. Examples
  3. Exercises
  4. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 57 Conjunctions – Part 2 ( BUT)

Today we are going to see about another conjunction. But.

‘But’ is used

1. to connect ideas that contrast.
2. Means except in certain cases
3. To introduce a reason why something didn’t happen..
And in a few more cases..

So now let us see how we frame such sentences in which the word ‘But’ is used.

 

For ‘But’ – aanaal/ thavira/

First let us see the Tamil conjunction equivalent to the ‘But’ in English

 

Case

But… When we connect

In Spoken Tamil We use..

1 a. Main idea with a contrasting phrase
b. When there is a ‘whereas’ in the statement
We use ‘aanaal/ aanaa’
2 But when it means ‘except’ We use the word ‘thavira’ which means except
2 Using ‘but for’ instead of if There are different ways of framing such sentences. We will see it in detail in the lesson on ‘IF’

 

Examples

1 a. Connecting a main phrase with a contrasting phrase:


Raj-um Ravi-um annan thambi. Avanga rendu perum vera vera kadaigal vechi-irukaanga. Raju and Ravi are brothers. They both have different shops.
Now let us try to connect the above contrasting phrases…
Rajum Raviyum annan thambi, aanaa avanga rendu perum vera vera kadaigal vechi-irukaanga. Raju and Ravi are brothers, but they have two different shops.
Avanga vera vera vyaabaaram seiyalaam. Avanga eppavum onnaa thaan irupaanga. They might be doing different business. They always be together.

Now let us try to connect the above contrasting phrases…

Avanga vera vera vyaabaaram seiyalaam aanaa avanga eppavum onnaa thaan irupaanga. They might do different business, but they always be together.

 


Kirthana veetu porul ellaam vaanga eduthitta. Ava kitta panam illa. Kirthana picked all the household things. She doesn’t have money.

Now let us try to connect the main idea with the contrasting phrase…

Kirthana veetu porul ellam vaanga eduthittu, aanaa ava kitta panam illa. Kirthana has picked all the household things but she doesn’t have money.
Ava thanoda purse-a kondu vandhaa. Ippo avaloda purse-a kaanom. She bought her purse. Her purse is now missing.
Now let us try to connect the main idea with the contrasting phrase…
Ava thanoda purse-a kondu vandhaa, aanaa ippo adhai kaanom. She brought her purse, but now it is missing.

 

1b. ‘Whereas’ statements:


Now let us try to connect sentences where but is replaced with a ‘whereas’

Nancy-um Karthik-um asaivam saapiduvaanga, aanaa Priya saivam. Nancy and Karthik eat meat, whereas Priya is a vegan.

Now let us try to connect another sentence where but is replaced with a ‘whereas’

Nancy-um Karthik-um asaiva unavu vaanginaanga, aanaa Priya French fries vaanginaa. Nancy and Karthik bought non vegen dishes, whereas Priya bought French fries.

 


Raj, nee enna grade eduthirukke? Raj, what grade have you scored?.
Nee sariya padikave illa . You did not learn well.
Nee ellam padichen-u sonne, aanaa unnoda badhil edhuvum sariyaa illa. You said that you learnt everything, but not any your answers is right.

Now let us try to connect another sentences where but is replaced with a ‘whereas’

Kavin romba nalla kanakku poduraan, aanaa nee eppavum kanakku paadathle tholvi adaiyure/ fail aagure. Kavin does so good in maths, whereas you always fail in Maths.

 
 

2. But/ Except sentences:


Rakesh niraya thuridha unavu saapiduvaan. Rakesh eats a lot of fast food.
Avanoda doctor, idhu ellam saapida koodaadhu-nu sonnaar. His doctor has advised not to eat these things.

Now let us try to connect another sentences where but is replaced with a ‘whereas’

Junk food thavira, matra ella saapilaam-nu avanoda doctor sonnar. His doctor advise him to eat everything, but/except junk food.
Aana avan, arokiyamaana saapaatai thavira, matra ellam saapiduraan. But he eats everything, but/except healthy food.

 


Vinay-um avanoda nanbargal kudumbam-um Greece-kku ponaanga. Vinay and his friend’s family went to Greece.
Vimaana nilayathle, avangaloda pettigal-ukaaga kaathittu irundhaanga. At the airport, they waited for their luggage.

Now let us try to connect another sentences where but is replaced with a ‘except’

Vinay thavira, matra ellaarukkum avangaloda pettigal kidachidhu. Everybody got their luggage, except Vinay.
Vinay-oda petti-a thavira, matra ellaaroda pettigalum irundhichi. Everyone’s luggage was there, except Vinay’s luggage.

 

2. ‘But for’ or If statements:

But for is used to introduce the reason why something didn’t happen:

Rathnaa-um Radhika-um nallaa padichu podhu arivu poti-le jeyichitaanga. Rathna and Raadhika prepared well and won the general knowledge quiz.

Now let us try using but for instead of the whereas. Whereas/ but for is Illaama in Tamil.

Avanga illaama, namma palli poti-le thorththu poi-irukkum. But for them, our school would have lost the quiz competition.
Indha ponnunga illaama, indha school niraya potigal-e thorthu-irukkum. But for these girls, The school would have lost many competions.

 


Sruthi-kitta otunar urimam/driving license illa, aana ava neththu vandi ottitu ponaa. Sruthi doesn’t have a driver’s license, but she drove a car yesterday.
Vegamaa poi, vera oru vandi mele modhitaa. She drove fast and dashed upon another car.

Now let us try using but for instead of the whereas. Whereas/ but for is Illaama in Tamil.

Nalla brakes illanaa avalukku romba kaayapattu-irukkum. But for the good brakes, she would have been badly hurt .
Brakes nalla irundhadhaale, ava thappichaa. She was saved, because the brakes were good.

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. aanaa:
_________________________________________________________

2. illaama:
_________________________________________________________

3. thavira:
_________________________________________________________

4. kadai vechi:
_________________________________________________________

5. podhu arivu:
_________________________________________________________

6. kaaya pattu:
_________________________________________________________

7. paduththu thoongu:
_________________________________________________________

8. thappi :
_________________________________________________________

9. thuridha unavu:
_________________________________________________________

10. matra ellam:
_________________________________________________________

11. thorththu poi:
_________________________________________________________

12. kaanom:
_________________________________________________________

13. vyaabaaram:
_________________________________________________________

14. onnaa irukkaanga:
_________________________________________________________

15. aarokiamaana:
_________________________________________________________

16. otunar urimam :
_________________________________________________________

17. saapida koodaadhu:
_________________________________________________________

18. asaivam:
_________________________________________________________

19. saivam:
_________________________________________________________

20. potigal:
_________________________________________________________

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Kadai vechi-irupadhu – to own a shop
vyaabaaram – business
Onnaa – to be one, together
Panam – money
Kaanom/ kaanavilai – not to be found/ lost
Saivam – vegetarian
Asaivam – non-vegetarian
Thuridha unavu – fast food
Saapida koodadhu – should not eat
Thavira – except
Matra ellam – all other
Aarokiamaana – healthy
Podhu arivu – general knowledge
Poti – competition
Thorththu po – to fail or lose
Otunar urimam – driver’s license
Modhi – dash
Kaayam – wound
Kaayam pattu – to be wounded
Thappi – escape

 

Translate:


1. She washed the clothes but forgot to dry them.

2. He bought me some flowers whereas she bought chocolates.

3. I love eating but don’t like cooking.

4. But for the boys, the school would be silent.

5. Those are new boxes but they look old.

6. Everyone, but him, went to the movie.

7. He sleeps but doesn’t learn.

8. She was beautiful, but was not dutiful.

9. He liked her, but did not marry her.

10. They eat cheese, but they don’t drink milk.

11. But for my grandma, my house would be dirty.

12. He asked for a pen, but she gave him a pencil.

13. The chef prepares everything, but the ice-cream.

 

Try to describe the picture: