Lesson 61

  1. Conjunctions – Correlative Conjunctions 1
  2. Conjunctions
  3. Examples
  4. Exercises
  5. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 61 Conjunctions – Part 5 (Correlative Conjunctions)

Correlative conjunctions are sort of like tag-team conjunctions.

They come in pairs, and you have to use both of them in different places in a sentence to make them work.

They get their name from the fact that they work together (co-) and relate one sentence element to another.

Correlative conjunctions include pairs such as “both/and,” “either/or,” “neither/nor,” “not/but” and “not only/but also.”

For example:

  • Not only/but also – I’ll eat them both – not only the cheesecake but also the chocolate cake.
  • Both/and – We’ll have both the cheesecake and the chocolate cake.
  • Whether/or – I didn’t know whether you’d want the cheesecake or the chocolate cake, so I got both.
  • Either/or – I want either the cheesecake or the chocolate cake.
  • Neither/nor – Oh, you want neither the cheesecake nor the chocolate cake? No problem.
  • Not/but – I see you’re in the mood not for desserts but appetizers. I’ll help you with those, too.

So now let us see how to say such correlative conjunctions in Tamil.

Let us first start with a few.

  1. Both/ and
  2. Not only/ but also
  3. Whether / or

Examples:

1.a. Usage of both/ and as well as

 

While we add both/ and conjunction to an adjective
We need to add –um to the adjective and close the sentence with kooda, which means also

Indha kalyaana Jodi-a paarunga. Romba poruththamaa irukaanga. Look at this wedding couple. How suitable they are!
Prakash romba arivaali. Avan romba poruppaanavan. Prakash is a clever man. He is very dutiful.

Now let us try doing the above sentence using both/ and conjunction:

Prakash romba arivaali-um, poruppaanavanum kooda. Prakash is both intelligent and dutiful.
Jayanthiyum romba surusurupaanava. Aval romba kettikaari. Jayanthi is also very active. She is very smart.

Now let us try doing the above sentence using both/ and conjunction:

Jeyanthi romba suruppanaval-um, kettikaariyum kooda. Jayanthi is both active and smart.


 

1b. Both/ and

 

While we add both/ and conjunction to nouns
We have to add –um to the nouns and also the word rendum which means both.
Let’s see the example.

Kaaigal saapidurathu udambukku nalladhu. Eating vegetables is good for the body.
Meen saapidradhu udambukku nalladhu. Eating fish is also good for the body.

Now let us try to combine these two sentences.

Kaaigal-um, Meen-um, rendum udambukku nalladhu. Both vegetables and fish is good for the body.
Priya kaaigal-um meen-um rendum saapiduvaa. Priya eats both vegetables and fish.

Use –um/ rendum/ kooda:

  1. Savitha drinks both milk and coffee.
  2. Mrs. Kanchana does both the household chores and the shopping on Saturdays.

 

2a. Usage of not only/ but also

 

While we add ‘not only/ but also’ conjunction..
We should say mattum illa/ um kooda

Madhan : Amma, enakku asaiva unavu mattum thaan samaikka theriyum. Mom, I know to cook only non-vegetarian.
Aanaa, naalaikku naan asaiva unavu mattum illa, saiva unavum kooda samaikkanum. But tomorrow, I should cook not only non-vegetarian but also vegetarian.
Amma : Kavalai paddathe. Naan unakku solli tharen. Now let us try to combine these two sentences. Don’t worry. I will teach you.
Naalaikku nee, asaiva unavu mattum illa, romba nalla saiva unavum kooda samaikka pore. And tomorrow, you are going to cook not only non-vegetarian, but also vegetarian food very well.

Look at the word, ‘mattum illa’. This means ‘not only’. And the ‘kooda’ means also.

Naalaikku nee, asaiva unavu mattum illa, romba nalla saiva unavum kooda samaikka pore.And tomorrow, you are going to cook not only non-vegetarian, but also vegetarian food very well.


 

2b. Not only/ but also

 

While we add ‘not only/ but also’ conjunction..
We should say mattum illa/ -um kooda

Yamini, oru potti-la kalandhukka poraa. Yaamini is going to participate in a competition.
Adhula pangu pera, paatu paada theriyanum. Isai karuvi-um vaasikka theriyanum. To take part, one should know to sing. And to play a musical instrument.
Use, ‘mattum illa’ that means ‘not only’ , and ‘kooda’ that means also.

Adhula pangu pera, paada mattum illa, isaikaruvi vasikka-um kooda theriyanum. To take part, one, not only should know to sing, but also to play a musical instrument.
Yaminikku paatu paada theriyum. Avalukku guitar vasikka theriyum. Yaamini knows to sing. She knows to play guitar.

Use, ‘mattum illa’ that means ‘not only’ , and ‘kooda’ that means also.

Yaaminikku paatu paada mattum illa, guitar vaasikka kooda theriyum. Yamini, not only knows to sing, but she also know to play guitar.
Use mattum illa/ kooda:

  1. Dharshini not only does painting, but also acting.
  2. Suren not only ate all the food, but he also drank all the coffee.

 

3a. Usage of whether/or

 

While we add ‘whether/ or conjunction ..
We should add –a as a suffix to the nouns or verbs

Sridhar, oru nalla udal payirchi asasiriyar. Sridhar is a very good physical trainer.
Irudhi sutru oota pottikku pillaigale thervu senjittu irukkaar. selecting the kids for the final round of the running race competition.

Adding –a to the nouns

Ivanga potti-la vetri peruvaangal-a, maataangal-a paakraar. He is analyzing whether they will win or lose.
Rajeev, Sridhar-oda magan. Rajeev, is Sridhar’s son.
Avan jeyippaan-a? jeyikka maataan-a? Ellarum aaravamaa paakraanga. Everyone is eagerly waiting to see whether he wins or loses.

Everyone is eagerly waiting to see whether he wins or loses.

Avan jeyippaan-a illaiyaanu ellarum aarvamaa paakraanga. Everyone is eagerly waiting to see whether he wins or loses.


 


Priyan: Hey, Yaadhav, mazhai peiyidhu. Naan veetukku poren. Aanaalum enakku vilayada aasaiyaa irukku. Hey Yadhav, it’s raining. I am going home. But I still want to play.
Hemant: Aanaa Mazhaiyile nanaijaa kaalchal varum. Naanum veetukku poren. But we might fall sick if we get wet in the rain. I am going home.
Yaadhav: Naan kaal pandhu vilayaada poren. Neenga vilayaada vareengal-a illay-a mudivedunga. I am going to play football. You decide whether you are going to play or not.

This sentence could also be framed like this…

Hey. Neenga vareengal-o illay-o, naan inaikki kaal pandhu vilayaada thaan poren.

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Mattum illa/ um kooda:
_________________________________________________________

2. Kalyaana jodi:
_________________________________________________________

3. Poruththamaana:
_________________________________________________________

4. Surusuruppu:
_________________________________________________________

5. Rendum:
_________________________________________________________

6. Saapiduradhu:
_________________________________________________________

7. Jeyikka:
_________________________________________________________

8. Kettikaari:
_________________________________________________________

9. Arivaali:
_________________________________________________________

10. Asaiva unavu:
_________________________________________________________

11. Saiva unavu:
_________________________________________________________

12. Kavalai padaathe:
_________________________________________________________

13. Pangu peru:
_________________________________________________________

14. Isai-karuvi:
_________________________________________________________

15. Udal payirchi:
_________________________________________________________

16. Thervu sei:
_________________________________________________________

17. Aarvamaana:
_________________________________________________________

18. Kaaichal:
_________________________________________________________

19. Mudivedu:
_________________________________________________________

20. Mazhai peiyidhu:
_________________________________________________________

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Kalyaana Jodi – wedding couple
Poruththamaana – suitable
Poruppaana – dutiful
Arivaali – intelligent
Surusuruppaana – active
Kettikkaari – smart girl
Saapiduradhu – eating ( present participle)
Rendum – both
Asaiva unavu – Non-vegetarian food
Saiva unavu – Vegetarian food
Kavalai padaathe – Don’t worry
Potti – Contest/ competition
Pangu peru – To participate
Isai karuvi – Musical instrument
Udal payirchi – Physical training
Thervu sei – Select
Jeyikka – To win
Aarvamaana – Eager
Mazhai peiyidhu – Raining
Aasai – Liking/ desire
Kaaichal – Fever
Mudivu – Decision
Mudivedu – Decide

 

Translate:


1. She wanted that doll, and the toy.

2. He not only came here, but also ate with us.

3. I love eating both donuts and cakes.

4. The school was not only quiet, but also beautiful.

5. I sold not only the watch, but also the laptop.

6. Tell me whether you are coming or not.

7. He is not only smart but also handsome.

8. Decide whether you are going to themovies or not?

9. She was both rich and famous.

10. My neighbours eat not only meat, but also fish.

11. My mom asked whether we have have school tomorrow or not.

12. He bought both the dress and the shoes.

13. I like not only to sing, but also draw.

 

Try to describe the picture: