Lesson 56

  1. Conjunctions – And
  2. Examples
  3. Exercises
  4. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 56 Conjunctions – Part 1 ( AND)

Today we are going to see about conjunctions in Tamil.

A conjunction joins words or groups of words in a sentence.

• I ate lunch with Kate and Derma.
• Because it is rainy today, the trip is canceled.
• She didn’t press the bell, but I did.

In English, we have the and, if , even, thought, but, so…and many more. Today we will see how to combine sentences by using conjunctions.

 

For ‘And’ – Um/ -ittu/ using a past participle

First let us see the Tamil conjunction equivalent to the ‘And’ in English

 

Case

And… When we connect

In Spoken Tamil We use..

1 a. Noun + Noun
b. Adjective + Adjective
c. Phrase + Phrase
We add –um inbetween the nouns, adjectives or phrases respectively.
2 Verb + Verb First verb becomes a past participle of the verb. (vandhu-, vechi-/ thoongi-/ samachi- )
3 Clause + clause First verb becomes a present participle of the verb. i.e., we add –ittu to the first verb

 

Examples

1 a. Connecting two nouns:


Naan-um Amma-um neththu kadaikku ponom. I and my mother went to the shop.
Amma konjam kaaigalai-um pazhangal-um vaanginaanga . Mom bought some vegetables and fruits.
Ange kadail-e, Kumar maama-a paarthom. There at the shop, we saw uncle Kumar.
Kumar maama, enga amma-oda thambi. Amma-um Maama-um theyaiyaana ellam vaanginaanga. Kumar uncle is our mom’s brother. Mom and Uncles bought everything necessary.
En maama enakku oru mittai-yum, oru periya dharboosani-um vaangi-thandaar. My uncle bought me a chocolate and a big water melon.

 


Enakku Indhiya unavugal-a chappati-um saadhamum pidikkum. . In Indian foods, I love roti and rice.
Inaikku, amma enakku pidicha roti/ chappaathi senjirukaanga . Today, mom has made my favorite roti.
Roti-um, urulai kizhangum enakku pidikkum. I like roti and potatoes.
Appakkum thangachikkum kooda idhu romba pidikkum. Even dad and little sister likes it.
Amma Roti/ chappaathi kooda urulai masiyal, paruppu saambhar, chutney-um senjirukaanga. Mom has made potato mash, lentil curry and sauce with it.
Inaikku enakku oru nalla virundhu thaan. Today it’s going to be a great feast.

 

1 b. Connecting two adjectives:


Prem: Priya, enakku unnai romba pidichirukku. Idhu unakkaaga vaanginen. Priya, I like you very much. I bought this for you.
Priya: Romba nandri. Indha pookkal romba azhagaa, manamaa irukku . Thankyou. These flowers are very beautiful and sweet smelling.
Aanaa, ennai ungalukku edhanaale pidichirukku? But, tell me why you like me!
Prem: Nee romba azhagaavum, anbaavum iruppadhaale enakku unnai pidich-irukku. I like you because you are beautiful and loving.
Priya: Romba nandri. Neenga-lum romba poruppaavum anbaavum irukeenga. Enakkum ungalai pidichirukku . Thankyou. You too are loving and dutiful. I too like you.

 


Konjam neram munnaadi indha room romba azhukka iruttaa irundhadhu. Sometime back, this room was very dark and dirty.
Rani-um Sumitha-um indha arai-ya suththam senjirukkaanga. Rani and Sumitha has cleaned this room.
Munnaadi, ulaga urandai, buththagam, poo thotti, ellam keezhe kidandhadhu . Some time ago, the globe, books and the flower pots were on the floor.
Ippo andha ulaga urundaium, poo thottigal-um maadathukku mele irukku. And now the globe and flower vases are on the cupboard shelf.
Ippo nalla suththamaa, velichamaa irukku . Now it is really clean and bright.
Avanga rendu perum romba ozhungaa vegamaa velai senjirukkaanga . They both have really done the job, quickly and neatly.

 

1 c. Connecting two phrases:


Raj, kalloori valaagathe suththam seiraan. Raj is cleaning the college campus.
Rachel, kalloori valaagathe suththam seiraa . Rachel is cleaning the college campus.
Kavitha, kalloori valaagathe suththam seiraan. Kavitha, is cleaning the college campus.
Instead of using three different sentences for describing the same action done by different people, we can combine then into one compound sentence using a ‘um’. .i.e., combine the phrases.
Raj, Rachel, Kavitha, moonu perum, kalloori valaagathe suththam seiraanga. Raj, Rachel and Kavitha, all three are cleaning the college campus.

 


Shekar oru pannai-kku sondhakaaran. Shekhar is the owner of a farm.
Avaroda pannai-le rendu maadugal irukku. There are two cows in his farm.
Ange konjam aadugal irukku. There are some ducks.
Kozhigalum Vaathugalum irukku. Chicken and ducks too.
Oru ilam gudhirai kooda irukku . There is a young horse too.
Now, let’s try combining these into one sentence.
Shekar-oda pannai-le, rendu maadugal-um, konjam aadugal-um, oru sila kozhi-um, vaathu-um, oru ilam gudhirai-um irukku . There are two cows, a few goats, a few chickens and ducks and also a young horse in his farm.

 

2. Connecting two clauses:


Rathna dhinamum thanoda diary ezhudhuvaanga. Rathna writes her diary everyday.
Adhukku aprama adha padichi paarpaanga. Then she would read it.
Adhukku apramaa thonguvaanga. Then after that, she goes to sleep.
Sometine we would want to say all these three sentences in one compound sentences. When we want to combine two verbs in a sentence we add ‘ –ittu’ after the first verb, like a suffix.
Rathna dhinanum thannoda diary-a ezhudhittu, adha padichittu thoonguvaanga. Rathna writes her diary and goes to sleep after reading it.

 


En nanbar oru poruppulla kanavar. My friend is a dutiful husband..
Avar veetule irundhu thannoda kudumbath-e paathukiraar. He stays home and takes care of his family.
Kaalaile manaivi velaikku ponadhum, veeta suththam paduthittu, paathiram ellam kazhuvuvaar. As soon as his wife goes out to work, every morning, he would clean the house and wash all the vessels.
Samayal samachittu, saapittittu oivu eduppaar. He cooks and takes rest
Pillainga vandhadhum thirumbavum velai thaan . And as soon the kids arrive, its work again.

 

3. Connecting two verbs:


When we add two verbs, usually the first verb turns to a past participle, and the second verb follows it.

Enakku dhinamum niraya velai irukku. I have a lot of work.
Kaalaile pillaingale pallikku kilappi anupuven. In the morning, I get the kids ready and send them to school.
Aprama paathirangale kazhuvi thodachi adukkuven. Then I wash and dry the vessels.
Rendu padukkaikale thatti suththam pannuven. Then I dust and make both the beds.
Azhukku thunigale thuvachi kaayapoduven.. I would wash and dry the clothes.
Kizhinja thunigale thechchi veippen. I mend some old clothes.
Kannaadi porul ellam suththamaa thodachi kaaya veippen. I will wipe and dry the glass utensils at home.

 


Rosie, Vicky, Naanum thuridha unavu kadai-kku poi-vandhom. Rosie, Vicky and I had been to the back from a fast food shop.
Engalukku pidicha burger vangittu jannal pakathle oru table-la utkaarndhom. We bought our favorite burgers and sat on a table beside the window.
Rosie, avalukku pidicha veg burger vaangi saapitaa. Rosie bought her favorite burger and ate.
Naan-um Vicky-um chicken burger vaangi saapitom. Vicky and I bought chicken burgers and ste.
Neenga indha maadhiri, kadaikku poi, burger vaangi saaptu irukeengala? . Have you gone to the restaurant like this and eaten burgers?

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Naan-um nee-um:
_________________________________________________________

2. Poi-vandhu:
_________________________________________________________

3. Padichittu saapiduraan:
_________________________________________________________

4. Kilappi anuppu:
_________________________________________________________

5. vaangi saapidu:
_________________________________________________________

6. kaaya podu:
_________________________________________________________

7. paduththu thoongu:
_________________________________________________________

8. thuridha unavu :
_________________________________________________________

9. poruppu:
_________________________________________________________

10. eduththu kudu:
_________________________________________________________

 

Translate:


1. She washed and dried the shirt.

2. He bought me some flowers and chocolates.

3. I have to shower and dress up.

4. Did she wipe the window and clean the table top.

5. Those are new boxes and some wrappers.

6. I want a water bottle and a plate.

7. The golden box is full of biscuits and chocolates.

8. He is buying a gift for his wife.

9. The boy and the girl look beautiful

10. Gita, Preeta and John are dancing tonight.

11. My grandmother loves her bamboo hat and her couch very much.

12. Give him some coffee and biscuits.

13. The children are wearing school uniform.

14. Put on your rain-coat.

15. I have broken the vase and the pot too.

16. I am going to the wedding and then going to the office.

 

Try to describe the picture: