Lesson 33

  1. How? – Adjectives 2
  2. Examples
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 33 How? Adjectives – 2

Today we are going to see about few more adjectives in Tamil. Below is a list of the Adjectives based on Tastes, Touch and Sounds in Tamil.

 

Describing tastes:

Taste– Suvai    Delicious – Rusiyaana

Tastes Suvai
Sweet – Inippu
Bitter – Kasappu
Sour – Pulippu
Salty – Uvarppu
Spicy Hot/Pungent- Kaarppu
Astringent – Thuvarppu

 

Examples:

 


Amma naanga senja cake eppadi irukku? Rusichi sollunga? Mom, taste and tell us, how is the cake we made?
Romba nalla, suvaiyaa irukku. It is really good and very tasty.
Indha cake inippaa irukku. This cake is sweet
Unga appa-kku idhu nichchayam pidikkum. Your dad will surely like it.

 

Indha sausage romba uvarppaa irukku. This sausage is too salty.
Naan idhule niraiya uppu pottuten. I have added too much to this.
Indha uvarpaana sausage nalla illai. This salty sausage is not good.
Romba uvarppu udambu kettadhu. Too much of salt is bad for health.

 


Enakku kaaramaana saapaadu saapida pidikkum. I like to eat spicy food.
Indha kizhangu-la romba kaaram irukku. These potatoes are too spicy and hot.
Ivalavu kaarppu kudalukku nalladhu illai. This much of spiciness is not good for the tummy.

 


Enga thaathaa paati India-la irundhu vandhirukaanga. Our grandpa and grandma have come from India.
Avangalukku enga amma oru virundhu samaichi irukaanga. My mom has cooked a dinner for them.
Inge, naanga saapida sila inippaana cake irukku. Here, we have some sweet cakes to eat.
Oru muzhu kozhi varuval senjirukaanga. Adhu paakka kaaramaa irukku. She has done a full roasted chicken and it looks very spicy.
Paati-kku pidicha pulippu manga soup senjirukaanga. She has also made the tangy mango soup that granny likes.
Indha virundhu paarkka romba suvaiyaa irukku. This meal looks like a very tasty meal.
Naan mudhale indha inipaana strawberry juice kudikka poren. I am going to drink the sweet strawberry juice now.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Describing using feeling:

Sense of touch – Thottu unardhal

Texture Amaippu
Soft Miredu-vaana/ Menmai-yaana
Hard Kadinam-aana
Smooth Menmai-aana
Coarse Karadu-murdaa/ kora-korappa
Rough Sura surapaana
Slippery Vazhu vazhupaana
Scaly Sedhil sedhil-aa
Squishy/ slimy Kuzha kuzhapp-aana
Bumpy Medu palam-aana
Damp Eeram-aana
Dry Kaaintha
Clean Suththam-aana
Dusty Dhoosi-yaana
Hot Soodu-aana
Cold/ Cool Kulir-aana/ kulirchi-aana
Tepid Ilan-soodaana, vedhu vedhupaana

 

Examples:


En thangai Ilaine azhagaa irukka. My little sister Ilaine is very beautiful.
Avaloda sarumam romba menmaiyaa irukku. Her skin is really soft.
Avalai katti pidikka enakku romba pidikkum. I love to hug her.
Unga sarumam ippadi menmaiyaa irukkaa? Is your skin soft as this?

 

Reena-kku soup kudikka viruppam. Reena loves to drink soup.
Andha soup-a sooda kudikka pidikkum. She loves to drink it hot.
Aval indha soodaana soup-a eppadi kudippaa, paarkalaam. Let us see, how will she drink this hot soup?

 


Kumar oru kuzha kuzhapaana sagadhiyile vilayaaduraan. Kumar is playing in a slimy puddle.
Avan-oda amma avanai adikka poraanga. His mom is going to beat him.
Avangalukku suththamaa irundhaal thaan pidikkum. She loves only if you are clean.

 

Vaazhaippazha thol vazhu vazhuppa irukkum. The banana peel is slippery.
Vaazhaippazha thol-, yaar keezhe pottaanga? Who dropped this banana peel here?
Raju, adhule vazhukki, keezhe vizhundhittaan. Raj slipped on it and fell down.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Describing Sound:

Sound – Saththam   Voice– Kural

Sound Saththam
Noisy Saththam-aana
Loud Urakka-saththamaana
Quiet Amaidhi-aana
Sweet, Melodious Inimai-aana
Beautiful Azhaga-aana
Loving Anbu-aana
Wobbly Nadukkam-aana
Soft, tender, faint Menmai-aana
Defeaning, ear-piercing Kaadhai thulaikum saththam
And many more…

 

Examples:


Ivanga isai karuvigal vaasipaanga, theriyuma? Do you know they play the musical instruments?
Ivangaloda isai romba inimaiyaa irukku.. Their music is very sweet.
Oru inimaiyaana padhal-ai vaasikiraanga. They are playing a melodious song.

 

Johnny oru newspaper paiyan. Johnny is a newspaper boy.
Avan-oda kural romba saththamaa irukkum.. His voice is really loud.
Avan urakka saththamaa kaththi seidhi- thaalai virppaan. He shouts loudly and sells the newspaper.

 


Idhu oru noolagam. This is a library.
Idhu oru amaidhiyaana idam. This is a quiet place.
Inge naam amaidhiyaa irukka vendum. We have to be quiet here.

 

Kutty Roby-kku amma kural theriyum. Little Roby knows his mom’s voice.
Avan amma-oda anbaana thaalaattu ketaal thoongiduvaan. He sleeps when he listens to his mother’s lullaby.
Ava amma-oda kural romba menmaiyaa irukkum.. His mother’s voice is very soft.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Kudal – Tummy, stomach
Kettadhu – Bad
Kizhangu – Potatoes
Muzhu kozhi – Whole chicken
Varuval – Fry, Roast
Sarumam – Skin
Katti pidi – To hug, embrace
Adikka – To beat
Sagadhi – Mud
Thol – Skin
Isai karuvi – Musical instrument
Vaasi+ – Play an instrument
Seidhi-thaal – Newspaper
Virpaan – He would sell
Kaththi – Shouting
Noolagam – Library
Idam – Place
Kural – Voice

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. menmaiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

2. kaaramaa:
_________________________________________________________

3. soodaana:
_________________________________________________________

4. noolagam:
_________________________________________________________

5. kasappaana:
_________________________________________________________

6. sarumam:
_________________________________________________________

7. urakka saththamaa:
_________________________________________________________

8. vaasikiraan:
_________________________________________________________

9. seidhi-thaal:
_________________________________________________________

10. isai karuvi:
_________________________________________________________

11. inimaiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

12. kaaindha:
_________________________________________________________

13. kulirchiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

 

Translate:


1. The black chocolate is bitter.
 
2. Give me some hot soup.
 
3. This biscuit is salty.
 
4. He drank the cold coffee.
 
5. She has a beautiful voice.
 
6. The tall boy is playing in the slimy puddle.
 
7. I am going to buy a musical instrument.
 
8. The old man had a wobbly voice.
 
9. Do you like astringent tasting things?
 
10. Hazel like to eat spicy food.
 
11. That sound is deafening.
 
12. The lullaby is so melodious.
 
13. Take the wet clothes out.
 
14. This is a dry leaf.
 
15. Do you like bitter gourd ?

 

Try to describe the picture: