Lesson 35

  1. How? – Adjectives 4
  2. Examples
  3. Translate the following passage.
  4. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  5. Exercises
  6. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 35 How? Adjectives – 4

Today we are going to see about few adjectives in tamil.

 

Describing using Smell:

Smell– Manam

Smell Manam/ Vaasanai / Naatram
Burnt Erindha/ Erinja/ Karugi ponaa naatram
Noxious Nachchu thanmaiyudaiya
Fragrant Nalla Manamaa
Foul odor/ Smelly/ Putrid Ketta vaasana/ Dhurnatram
Aromatic Narumanaa
Perfumed Vaasanai/ Narumanam

 

Examples:


Naveena veetle innaikku vishesham. It is a special occasion in Naveena’s house.
Avanga amma nalla arumaiyaana kozhi varuval senjirukaanga. Her mom has done a wonderful chicken roast.
Avalukku adhoda vaasanai romba pidichirukku. She loves the smell of it.
Adhu romba manamaa irukku. It is really aromatic.

 

Paaru aunty veetle oru oven irukku. There is an oven in aunt Paaru’s house.
Adhu sariyaa velai seiyala. It doesn’t work well.
Avangaloda cake ippo karugi pochu. Her cake has become burnt.
Adhule karugi pona vaasanai varudhu. There is a burnt smell from it.


 


Idhu Ajay-oda veetu kuppai thotti. This is Ajay’s garbage bin.
Avanga veetle naraiya porul veenaagi pochu. A lot of stuff got wasted in his house.
Ippo adhu azhugi, ketta naatram edukkudhu.. Now it is rotting, and is foul smelling.

 

Indha periyavarkku pookkal romba pidikkum. This old man loves flowers.
Andha pookkal-a mugarndhu paarpadhu romba ishtam.. He loves to smell the fragrance of the flowers.
Avaroda thottathle niraiya manaana pookkal irukku. There is a lot of sweet smelling flowers in his garden.
Avar thottam muzhusaa poo vaasam varum.. His whole garden is filled with the perfume of the flowers.


 

Inaikku Preethi-oda veetule meen kuzhambu. Today, there is fish curry in Preethi’s house.
Preethi-oda appa, meen saapida maataar. Preethi’s dad does not eat fish.
Avarukku adhanoda vaasanai pidikave pidikkaadhu. He hates the smell of it.
Adhu ketta vaasani varudhu-nu solvaar.. He says it is smelly.


 


Idhu oru periya thozhirchaalai.. This is a big factory.
Adhule irundhu niraya nachchu pogai veliye varudhu. There is a lot of noxious fumes coming from the factory.
Andha nachchu pogai kaathle kalakkudhu. That poisonous fumes gets mixed into the atmosphere.
Andha nachchu pogai udambukku romba kettadhu.. This poisonous fumes is very bad for the body.

 


Translate the given passage

 

Who is this? Do you know?

This is Mr. White. He is my neighbor. He loves cleanliness. His wife loves eating. She buys a lot of snacks and fruits. She keeps eating all the time.

Today Mr. White is cleaning his house. He is now cleaning his fridge. There is old food and fruits in it. So there is a bad smell in his fridge.

He is throwing away all the stale food into the dustbin. There is a bunch of grapes. There is a pack of stale milk in his fridge. He hates the putrid smell from it.

Are there eggs in his fridge? Oh. Yes. There are three eggs in the fridge.

Where is Mrs. White? She has gone to the market. She is going to buy more fruits and snacks for this week. She loves to see the fridge always filled with food.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Describing based on Origin:

 

Origin Thottram
Solar Suriya
Lunar Chandra
Earthly Ulaga
Oceanic Kadal
Polar Dhuruva
Equatorial Bhoomathiya
Alien Anniya/ Vetru kraga
Direction Dhisai
North Vadakku, Vada..
South Therkku, Then..
East Kizhakku
West Merkku
And the intermediate directions…
Nationality Dhesiya thanmai
Indian Indhian
American Americka
French French
Greek Greykan
Japanese Jappaanian

And many more… …
Mother tongue Thaai mozhi
Tamilian Thamizhan
English Aangileyan
Malayaali Malayaala
……
Others ….
tribal Pazhan-kudiyinar
royal Arasa..
clan Kulam

 

Examples:

 


Suriya oli udambukku nalladhu. The sun’s rays are good for the body
Suriya kadhir-la Vitamin D irukku. There is Vitamin D in the solar rays.

Suriya oli-la irundhu suriya sakthi uruvakka mudiyum.. Solar energy is created from the Solar rays.
Suriya sakthi-la minsaaram thayaarikka mudiyum. Electricity is produced from the solar energy.

Ivanga sev-indhiya pazhankudiyinar. They are Red Indian tribal people.
Indha pazhankudiyinar nalla vettai aaduvaanga. This tribal people hunt really well.
Ivanga koodaara vaasigal. They are tent-dwellers


Taj Mahal ulaga adhisayangal-a onnu. Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
Adhu vada Indiyaala irukku. It is in North India.
Then Vaasal, Kizhakku Vaasal, Merkku vaasal-nu moonu vaasalgal irukku. There are three gates, namely the Southern gate, the Eastern gate and the western gate.

Indhiya pandigaigal-a onnu, Deepavali. Deepavali is one of the Indian festivals.
Idhu oru Indhu pandigai. It is a hindu festival.
Deepavali-a ellarum pattasu vedippaanga. Everybody would light crackers on Deepavali.
Deepavali pandigai oru periya vishesham. Deepavali is a great festivity.



Ivanga oru Ilavarasan, Ilavarasi.. They are a Prince and a Princess.
Ivangaloda kalyaanam oru arasa thirumanam. Their wedding is a royal wedding.
Adhu periya aras-avai-le thaan nadakkum. It will happen in a big royal court.

 

Indha Kudumbam patri sollunga:

 


 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Vishesham – Festivity, occasion
Arumaiyaana – Really nice, good, fanastic
Kozhi varuval – Chicken roast
Velai seiyale – Not working
Karugi pochu – Burnt
Veenaagi – To be wasted
Azhugi – Become putrefied
Mugarndhu – To smell
Ishtam – Desire
Kuzhambu – Curry
Thozhirchaalai – Factory
Pogai – Smoke
Kalakkudhu – Become mixed
Kettadhu – Bad
Sakthi – Energy, strength
Uruvaakku – Create
Thayyaari – Produce
Minsaaram – Electricity
Vettai – Hunting
Koodaaram – Tent
Adhisayangal – Wonders
Vaasal – Gate
Pandigai – Festival
Pattaasu – Crackers
Vedippanga – Burst
Thirumanam, kalyanam – Wedding

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. naatram:
_________________________________________________________

2. Indian:
_________________________________________________________

3. manamaa:
_________________________________________________________

4. thozhirchalai:
_________________________________________________________

5. kalyanam:
_________________________________________________________

6. vadakku dhisai:
_________________________________________________________

7. pattaasu:
_________________________________________________________

8. paadhi:
_________________________________________________________

9. visesham:
_________________________________________________________

10. adhisayam:
_________________________________________________________

11. kettadhu:
_________________________________________________________

12. nalladhu:
_________________________________________________________

13. Thamizhar:
_________________________________________________________

14. Pazhankudi makkal:
_________________________________________________________

15. Jappaaniya:
_________________________________________________________

16. arumaiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

 

Translate:


1. My boss is an Indian.
 
2.Please wash your smelly socks.
 
3. There are nine planets in the solar system.
 
4. We live in the polar region
 
5. The Greek teacher is really good.
 
6. We have to drive in the south direction.
 
7. The children like the tamil book.
 
8. My neighbours are Indians.
 
9. There is a wedding in the Royal court.
 
10. He is a french architect.
 
11. What is that foul smell?
 
12. He is the captain of the American football team.
 
13. The aroma of the Indian dish was really good.
 
14. Are you Russian?
 
15. She bought an Irish outfit.

 

Try to describe the picture: