Lesson 36

  1. How? – Adjectives 5
  2. Examples
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 36 How? Adjectives – 5

Today we are going to see about few more adjectives in Tamil. Below is a list of the Adjectives based on Tastes, Touch and Sounds in Tamil.

 

Describing Opinions:

Opinion – Karuththu

Opinion Karuththu
Good Nalla
Better, Best Sirandha
Bad Ketta
Worse/ Worst/ Awful Mosamaana
Wonderful/ Splendid/ Fantastic/ Amazing Arpudhamaana
Mediocre Saadharanamaana
Pretty/ Beautiful/ Lovely Azhagaana
Ugly Asingamaana
Clean Suththamaana
Dirty Asuththamaana/Azhukkaana
Wasteful Veenaana
Difficult Kadinamaana/ Kashtamaana
Comfortable Vasadhiyaana
Uncomfortable Vasadhi-illa/ Sangadamaana
Valuable Madhippu mikka
Worthy Thaguthiyaana
Worthless Payanilla/ thagudhiyatra
Expensive/ Costly Vilai-uyarntha
Inexpensive/ Cheap Malivaana
Useful Payanulla
Useless Payanilla/ Payanatra
Important Mukiyamaana
Evil Theeya
Angelic Deva-thanmai-udaiyaa
Rare Ariya
Scarce Patrakurai / kuraivaana
Poor Ezhmaiyaana
Rich Panakkaara
Lovely Arumaiyaana
Disgusting/ loathsome Aruverupaana
Surprising Aachariyamaana
Usual Vazhakkamaana
Unusual Asaadhaaranamaana/ Vazhakkaththukku maaraaga
And many more….

 

Examples:


Indha samaiyal arai romba aruveruppaa irukku. This kitchen is very disgusting.
Sink-la niraya azhukku paathirangal irukku. There is a lot of dirty vessels in the sink.
Idha paarkkave romba asingamaa irukku. It is very ugly to look at.

 

Indha maanavargal romba arumaiyaana pillainga. These students are wonderful kids.
Romba sirandha maanavargal. They are very good students.
Indha kutty pillainga romba azhagaa irupaanga. These kids look very beautiful.
Avanga eppavum payanulla pechchu pesuvaanga. They always talk about some useful thing.


 


Thanneer romba mukiyamaana payanulla porul.. Water is an important and a useful thing.
Ippo kudi-thanneer romba kuraivaaga irukku. The drinking water is very scarce now.
Thaneeyai semikka vendum. Adhu oru mukiyamaana kadamai. We have to save water. That is an important responsibility.

 


Indha pokisha petti-la niraya madhippumikka nagaigal irukku. There is a lot of valuable jewellery in this treasure chest.
Adhulle romba vilai uyarndha karkkal irukku. There are many expensive precious gems in it.
Andha muthu maalai-la ariya vagai muthukkal irukku. There are some rare pearls in the pearl necklace.

 


Ivanga ezhmaiyaana pillainga.. These are poor kids.
Avanga veetukku pakathulle oru panakaara ponnu irukkaa. There is a rich girl beside their house.
Aval-oda pazhaiya vilai-uyarndha bommaigal-a ivangalukku kudukiraa. She is giving away her old expensive dolls to them.
Sila payanulla porutgal indha petti-la irukku.. There are some useful things in this box.
Adhaiyum avangalukku kudukiraa. She is giving it too.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Describing Emotions:

Emotion – Unarvu

Emotions Unarvugal
Happy, Cheerful, Jolly, Delighted, Pleased, Blissful, Jubilant, Overjoyed, Elated.. Sandhoshamaana
Exciting, Active Urchaagam-Aana
Sad, Depressed, Sorrowful, Gloomy, Dejected, Miserable.. Varuththamaana, Sogam-Aana
Scary, Frightening, Creepy, Gruesome, Dreadful…. Bayangaram-Aana
Puzzling, Confusing, Lost, Baffled, Stuck, Confounded,… Kuzhappam-Aana
Lonely, Solitary, Isolated, Desolate, Desolate, … Thanimai-Aana
Angry, Enraged, Furious Kovam-Aana
Astonished, Surprised, Stunned, Dumbfounded,.. Aacharyamaana
Courageous, Brave, Bold, Valiant, Daring… Dhairiyamaana, Thunichchalaana
Embarassed, Ashamed, Uncomfortable, Awkward, Shy.. Asingamaana, Sangadamaana
Frustrating, Disappointing, Upset, Irritated, Annoyed, Grumpy.. Erichalaana
Interesting, Fascinating, Captivating, .. Swarasiyamaana
Jealous, Envious, Covetous,Grudging,… Poraamai
Powerful, Mighty, Potent, Robust, Forceful Adhigaaramulla, Sakthivaaindha
Powerless, Weak, Helpless, Incapable, Feeble.. Adhigaaram-Illaa, Belan-Illa, Udhavi-Illa, Thiran-Illa
Proud, Arrogant, Haughty, Egoistic, Boastful, Lofty Perumaiyaana
Respected, Revered, Honourable Madhipu-Kuriya, Gauravamaana
Sensitive, Touchy, Tender, Delicate Menmaiyaana
Shocking Adhirchiyaana
Submissive, Complying, Yielding, Humble, Pliant.. Panivaana
Complex, Complicated Sikkalaana
Worried, Troubled, Anxious, Nervous, Disturbed… Kavalaiyaana, Padhatramaana..
Suspicious, Doubtful, Distrustful, Shady, Dubious… Sandhegamaana
Sarcastic, Sardonic, Mocking Kindalaana

 

Examples:


Veliye bayangaramaana por. Mrs. Reena thaniyaa irukaanga. There is a dreadful war outside. Mrs. Reena is all alone.
Ivangalukku udhavi-llama padhatramaa veetulle-ye irukaanga. She is inside her house, helplessly.
Ivanga kanavar oru raanuva veerar. Indha por-ala avanga romba kavalaiyaa irukaanga. Her husband is a soldier. She is worried about this war.

 

Mrs. Reena-oda kanavar nalla urchaaganaama raanuva veerar. Reena’s husband is an active soldier.
Avar romba dhariyasaali. He is very brave.
Avaroda naatukaaga romba thunichalaa raanuvath-le velai seiraar. He is courageously serving his country.

 


Kumar ippo oru asingamaana soozhnilai-la irukkaan. Kumar is now in an embarassing situation.
Avan padichu vandha sor-pozhuvu avanukku marandhu pochu. He forgot the speech he had prepared.
Avanoda kindalaana nanbargal romba keliyaa pesuraanga. His friends are sarcastic and they are mocking him.

 

Comprehension:

 


Mr. Gokhale oru romba thiramaiyaana thozhil adhibar. Idhu avaroda kudumbam. Avarukku moondru magangal irukaanga. Avangal-e rendu perukku kudumbangal irukku.

Periya magan, Ramesh.Ramesh-oda manaivi, Geetha, oru periya panakaara veetu pen. Geetha romba panivaana manaivi. Avangalukku rendu magan-um rendu magal-um irukaanga. Avangaloda periya ponnu romba perumaiyaanaval.

Mr. Gokhale-oda rendavadhu magan, Rajesh. Rajesh romba thiramanaiyaanavar. Rajesh-oda manaivi-oda appa oru gauravamaana neebadhi/ judge. Rajesh-kku naalu pasanga irukkaanga.

Mr. Gokhale-oda moonaavadhu magan, Rakesh. Avanukku nadippu thaan swarasiyamaana thozhil. Idhu thaan Mr.Gokhale-kku erichalaana vishayam. Mr. Gokhale-oda manaivikkum idhu romba kavalai.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Paarkkave – To see
Eppavum – Always
Pechchu – Talk (Noun)
Semi – To save
kadamai – Responsibility, duty
Pokisha petti – Treasure chest
Kargal – Stones/ Gems
Ariya vagai – Rare kind
Muthu – Pearl
Raanuvam – Army
Raanuva veerar – Soldier
Soozhnilai – Situation
Marandhu pochu – Forgotten
Keliyaa – mockingly

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. arumaiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

2. aruveruppaa irukku:
_________________________________________________________

3. kuraivaa irukku:
_________________________________________________________

4. vilai uyarndha porul:
_________________________________________________________

5. kavalaiyaa irukaanga:
_________________________________________________________

6. thaniyaa irukaar:
_________________________________________________________

7. adhirchiyaana:
_________________________________________________________

8. panivaana:
_________________________________________________________

9. aacharyamaana:
_________________________________________________________

10. ariya vagai:
_________________________________________________________

11. kindalaa:
_________________________________________________________

12. raanuva veerar:
_________________________________________________________

13. sogamaana:
_________________________________________________________

 

Translate:


1. It is disgusting.
 
2. He is a bad boy.
 
3. This biscuit is really good.
 
4. He is an angry man.
 
5. Her children are lovely.
 
6. He was jealous of her.
 
7. He is an humble man.
 
8. This is a very rare thing.
 
9. Put the valuables in the locker.
 
10. My grandmother does all by herself..
 
11. This situation is complicated.
 
12. The lullaby is so lovely.
 
13. My mother is worried about my brother.
 
14. Saving water is an important responsibility.
 
15. She is proud and sarcastic.
 
16. He is sad.

 

Try to describe the picture: