Lesson 37

  1. How? – Adjectives 6
  2. Examples
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 37 How? Adjectives – 6

Today we are going to see about few adjectives in tamil.

 

Describing Material:

Material– Porul

Material Porul
Glass Kannaadi
Wooden Mara-m
Cloth, Fabric Thuni
Concrete Konkreet
Paper Kaagidham
Cotton Paruththi
Plastic Negizhi
Leather Thol
Ceramic Peenkaan
Clay Kaliman
Metal Uloga..
Gold Thangam
Silver Velli
Platinum Plaatinum
Steel, Iron Ekku, Irumbu
Silicon Silicon
Bamboo Moongil
Silk Pattu
Rubber Rubber
Polyester Polyester
Charcoal Kari
And many more….

 

Examples:


Indha oru azhagaana moongil koodai. This is a beautiful bamboo basket.
Idha moongil-a senjirukaanga. They have made it with bamboo.
Indha moongil koodaiyile niraya porulgal irukku. There are many things in this bamboo basket.

 

Ivar oru thachchar. He is a carpenter.
Ivar mara palagai-a arukiraar. He is cutting a wooden plank.
Adhule oru mara eni seiya poraar. He is going to make a wooden ladder out of it.
Avar mara-saamaangal-um niraya seivaar. He does many wooden furnitures too.


 


Bunto romba kurumbukaaran. Bunto is a naughty kid.
Ippo avan, oru kannaadi jannal-a udachittaan. Now, he has broken a glass window.
Andha kannaadi jannal noringi pochu. That glass window has shattered.

 

Idhu oru pokisham. This is a treasure.
Indha mun-paanai-la niraya thanga-kaasu irukku. There is a lot of golden coins in this mud pot.
Nee indha maadhiri pokisham paarthirukeeya? She is giving away her old expensive dolls to them.

 


En akka oru kalyaanathukku poraanga. My elder sister is going to a wedding.
Avanga oru pattu-pudavai katti-irukaanga. She is wearing a silk saree.
Indha pattu-pudavai romba vilai-uyarndhadhu.. This silk saree is very expensive.

 


Punga oru nalla paiyan. Punga ia a good boy.
Avan mazhai kaalathle, kaagidha kappal senju thaneela viduvaan. He makes paperboats in the rainy season.
Unakku kaagidha- kappal seiya theriyuma? Do you know to make paperboats?

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Describing a thing by the purpose it is used for:

Purpose– Nokkam, Payanpaadu

Purpose Nokkam/ Payanpaadu
Work tool Velai karuvi
Raincoat Mazhai coat
Uniform (school..,work..) Palli seerudai
Velai seerudai…
Garbage bin, Trash bin, Waste basket.. Kuppai thotti
Kuppai koodai
Pans according to their usage.. Kadaai
Tawa..
Ladles… Mejai karandi
Anna karandi
Kuzhambu karandi
Dosai karandi….
Rooms according to their us Padukkai arai
Samayal arai
Kuliyal arai
Saapidum arai
Kuzhandhaigal arai
Salavai arai…
And many more…

 

Examples:


Veliye bayangaramaana mazhai peiyidhu. It’s heavily raining outside.
Ranu oru mazhai coat pottu-irukaan. Ranu is wearing a raincoat.
Adhanaale avan mazhai-le nanaiya maataan. And because of this he is not going to get wet in the rain.

 

Idhu Seetha-oda kalyanam. It’s Seetha’s wedding.
Avaloda kalyaana pudavai romba azhagaa irukku. Her wedding saree is very beautiful.
Avaloda kalyaana pudavai romba vilai uyarndhadhu. Her wedding saree is very expensive.

 


Adhu oru Balu-thooki vandi/ endhiram. That is a crane.
Adhu romba balu adhigamaa irukkira porul ellam elimayaa thookudhu. It carries all the heavy loads with ease.

 


Naan oru kuppai thotti. I am a dustbin.
Inge thaan neenga kuppai podanum. This is where you should throw the trash.
Kuppai poda thaan naan irukken.. I am here so that you could put the trash in here.

 

Inaikku namma chef oru nalla kuzhambu senjirukaar. Today, our chef has made a very nice curry.
Adha parimaara oru pudhu karandi vaangi irukaar. He has bought a new ladle for serving it.
Adhu oru kuzhambu karandi. That is a curry ladle.

 

Idhu ella Mr. Chef-oda sila karandigal.

 

Dosai karandi   Kuzhambu karandi.   Anna karandi.

 

Indha padangal patri sollunga:

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Koodai – Basket
Palagai – Plank
Arukiraar – Cuts / saws
Eni – Ladder
Mara saamaangal – Wooden furniture
Kurumbukaaran – Naughty boy
Kannaadi – Glass, Mirror
Odachittaan – He has broke
Noringi podhu – Shattered
Kaasu – Money
Kalyaanam – Wedding
Pudavai – Saree
Katti-irukaanga – Tied/ worn/ draped
Mazhai-kaalam – Rainy reason
Viduvaan – Let go
Kappal – Ship, boat
Nanaiya – To get wet
Parimaara – To serve
Kuzhambu – Curry

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. irumbu:
_________________________________________________________

2. koodai:
_________________________________________________________

3. thanga-…:
_________________________________________________________

4. mara samaangal:
_________________________________________________________

5. mazhai-coat:
_________________________________________________________

6. kuppai-podu:
_________________________________________________________

7. thanga-nagai:
_________________________________________________________

8. moongil-…:
_________________________________________________________

9. pattu pudavai:
_________________________________________________________

10. udaichitten:
_________________________________________________________

11. kuzhambu:
_________________________________________________________

12. Peengaan:
_________________________________________________________

13. parimaaru:
_________________________________________________________

 

Translate:


1. She is wearing a beautiful silk saree.
 
2. He has bought a new china tea set.
 
3. She is serving tea.
 
4. This is a clay doll.
 
5. Her children love that curry.
 
6. The golden box is full of biscuits.
 
7. He is wearing a silver ring.
 
8. This is a very beautiful glass jar.
 
9. Put the wooden planks in that room.
 
10. My grandmother loves her bamboo hat.
 
11. This is a curry ladle.
 
12. The children are wearing school uniform.
 
13. Put on your rain-coat.
 
14. I have broken the vase.
 
15. I am going to the wedding.

 

Try to describe the picture: