Lesson 2

    1. This That
    2. Is This/That
    3. Parts of the body
    4. Conversation – Introducing
    5. Exercise

 

 

Lesson 2

This That

The words ‘This’, ‘That’ and ‘What’ are important words in any language. Let’s see how to say and use these in Tamil.

When we talk about a thing that is near to us , we use ‘This’. When we refer to something that is away from us we use ‘That’ and when we want to ask a question about something we say ‘What’. In Tamil, the word for ‘This’ is ‘Idhu’ இது, the word for ‘That’ is ‘Adhu’ அது and the word for ‘What’ is ‘Enna’ என்ன..
Examples:

 

‘This’ – ‘Idhu’ ‘இது’

Idhu oru Penaa.(This is a pen.) இது ஒரு பேனா.
Idhu enna ? (What is this?) இது என்ன?
Idhu oru Penaa.(This is a pen.) இது ஒரு பேனா.

Idhu oru Puththagam. (This is a book.) இது ஒரு புத்தகம்.
Idhu enna ? (What is this?) இது என்ன?
Idhu oru Puththagum. (This is a book.) இது ஒரு புத்தகம்.

Idhu oru Pattam.(This is a kite.) இது ஒரு பட்டம்.Idhu enna ? (What is this?) இது என்ன?

Idhu oru Pattam. (This is a kite.) இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

‘That’ – ‘Adhu’ அது

Adhu oru Veedu.(That is a house.) அது ஒரு வீடு.
Adhu enna ? (What is that?) அது என்ன?
Adhu oru Veedu. (That is a house.) அது ஒரு வீடு.

Adhu oru Maram.(That is a tree.) அது ஒரு மரம்
Adhu enna ? (What is that?) அது என்ன?
Adhu oru Maram. (That is a tree.) அது ஒரு மரம்.

Adhu oru Yaanai.(That is an elephant) அது ஒரு யானை.
Adhu enna ? (What is that?) அது என்ன?
Adhu oru yaanai. (That is an elephant) அது ஒரு யானை.

Things to remember:

Idhu – This, It இது Puththagam – Book புத்தகம்
Adhu – That அது Pattam – Kite பட்டம்
Enna – What என்ன Veedu – House வீடு
Oru – A/one ஒரு Maram – Tree மரம்
Penaa – Pen பேனா Yaanai – Elephant யானை

Helpful Hint:

When learning a new language, it is helpful to know some rules or handy ways to remember new words. One way to help remember these and other words you will learn in coming classes is that if a word is referring to something that is ‘here’ the Tamil word will start with the letter ‘I’. If the word is referring to som ething that is ‘there’ or away from you, it will start with the letter ‘A’ and if it is a question it will start with the letter ‘E’. For example, the Tamil words for ‘This and Here’ start with the letter ‘I’. The Tamil words for ‘That and There’ start with the letter ‘A’ and the Tamil words for ‘What and Where’ start with the letter ‘E’.

Questions: How to ask – IS THIS/THAT A ….?

To ask a question in Tamil, we add an ‘aa’ sound at the end of an objectExample : Idhu Pattam இது பட்டம் means ‘It is a kite’, but to make it a question you say Idhu Pattam-aa. இது பட்டமா which means ‘Is it a kite?’

Adding the suffix ‘a’ to an object turns the statement into a question. You should always keep in mind that this suffix should not sound as a separate syllable – it should become one with the word.

Example : Pattam+aa = Pattam-aa ( it should sound like Pattama and never not like Pattam and an ‘aa’ sound after a pause.

When we have a question like:
Is this a pen ? or Is that a kite? the answer is usually going to be Yes orNo. We say:

‘AAMAAM’ ஆமாம் for YES’ and

 

‘ILLAI’ இல்லை for NO.

1. Idhu Pattam-aa ? (Is this a kite?)இது பட்டமா?
Aamaam, Idhu Pattam. (Yes, this is a kite)
ஆமாம், இது பட்டம்.
2. Adhu Puththagam-aa? (Is that a book?)அது புத்தகமா?
Illai, adhu penaa. ( No. That is a pen.)
இல்லை அது பேனா.

3. Idhu oru Yaanai-aa? (Is it an elephant?)இது ஒரு யானையா?
Illai, idhu oru maram. ( No, it is a tree.) இல்லை இது ஒரு மரம்.

PARTS OF THE BODY

See if you can answer the following questions :

1. Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

 

2. Adhu penaavaa? அது பேனாவா?

 

3. Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

 

4.Idhu Veedaa? இது வீடா?

 

5.Adhu Vaayaa? அது வாயா?

 

6. Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

 

7. Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

 

8.Idhu Kaalaa? இது காலா?

Conversation2 Introducing Yourself

Today we will learn how to introduce yourself ….in Tamil.
The key words to know are:

Naan / Enakku – நான்/எனக்கு I

 

En/ Enadhu – என் /எனது My

 

Ennai/ Ennodu – என்னை என்னோடு Me

 

Ennudaiya/ Ennoda – என்னுடைய /என்னோட Mine

 

Things to remember:

Just as the words I, Me, My, Mine denotes oneself, but depends on the context in which they come, the same way, even in Tamil, the words Naan, En, Enakku, Enadhu, Ennudaiya depends on the place they occur in a sentence – this is not right. From what I have learnt, it depends on the context they are used in. For example, in class we have been told to use Enakku when when we say statements that include ‘I like’, ‘I know’ and ‘I want’ whereas we use Naan when we are talking about ourselves and use ‘I am’ statements as in I am a boy etc.

1 . En peyar/peru என் பெயர் /பேரு
_________________________________

(My name is _____________________)
Fill the blank with your name.

 

2. Naan ___________________ padikiren/ velai seigiren.நான் படிக்கிறேன் /வேலை செய்கிறேன்

( I am studying/working in _________________)
Fill the blank with the class you are studying or the place where you are working.

 

3. En palli-in/ office-in peyar/peru என் பள்ளியின் ஆபீசின் பெயர்/பேரு _____________________________

( The name of my school is _________________)
Fill the blank with the name of your school/ college / office.

 

4. En appa-vin peyar/peru என் அப்பாவின் பெயர்/பேரு _____________________________

(My father’s name is _______________________)
You can use appa-vin / appa peyar……………. also. – What does this statement mean?

Adding -vin at the end is the same as adding ’s’ at the end of word in English when we are referring to someone or something. In this example, we add the word’-vin’ after the word ‘appa’ as we are referring to your Father’s name, it belongs to him as opposed to saying My father is … which is about him). It is a possessive noun.

 

5. En appa oru __என் அப்பா ஒரு _______________________________

(My father is a ________________________________)
Fill the blank with your father’s occupation.

 

6. En amma-vin peyar/peru என் அம்மாவின் பெயர்/பேரு _____________________________

You can use amma-vin / amma peyar……………. also. – What does this statement mean?
(My mother’s name is ___________________________)
Remember to add ‘-vin’ after the word Amma as it is about your mother.

 

7. En amma oru என் அம்மா ஒரு _____________________________

(My mother is a _______________________)
Fill the blank with your Mother’s occupation

 

8. Naan ____________________ -la vasikkiren/vaazhgiren.நான் வசிக்கிறேன்/வாழ்கிறேன்.

( I reside/live in ________________________)
The word ‘vasikiren’, is used when you talk about the town or the locality where you live. You say ‘vaazgiren’, when you are referring to the country or the continent you are from. For example, if you say I am from Madurai, you use ‘vasikiren’ and if you are telling someone that you are from India you use ‘vaazgiren’.

In both cases you add the letters ‘la’ at the end of the town, locality, country or continent you are referring to as this indicates that you are referring to a place. For example, Madarai becomes Madarai-la and India becomes India-la.

 

9. Enakku ____________________ romba pidikkum.எனக்கு ரொம்ப பிடிக்கும்.

( I like _________________________ very much.)

 

10.Enakku ___________________________ pidikaadhu.எனக்கு பிடிக்காது.

( I do not like ________________________)

 

Note: Words with a * symbol denote that they are English words which are being used inspite of the Tamil words. Using English words in sentences has become very common. I can’t see any * in the above text and the only English word is Office – as it is the only English word why don’t you include the Tamil word here. You can always include a statement similar to this that says: Note: Using English words in sentences has become very common in Tamil. For example, people use the words xxxx for yyyyyy and zzzzz for aaaaaa. – include a couple of common terms used.

Pudhu Vaarthaigal (New words) புது வார்த்தைகள்

Learn the following words to help build your vocabulary.
Peyar/Peru- name பெயர் /பேரு
Padikkiren - studying படிக்கிறேன்
Velai seikiren - working வேலை செய்கிறேன்
Vasikiren - residing வசிக்கிறேன்
Vaazhkiren - living வாழ்கிறேன்
Romba - very much ரொம்ப
Pidikkum – like பிடிக்கும்
Pidikkaadhu – do not like/ dislike பிடிக்காது

Exercise

Answer the following questions in Tamil.

Translate these into Tamil.

1. My name is ____________.
2. I am living in _______________.
3. Seventy five _________________.
4. My father’s name is _______________.
5. I like _________________ very much.
6. Hundred ______________.
7. I am studying/ working in ___________________.
8. My mother’s name is ____________________.
9. Eighty. _____________.
10. My father is a _______________________.
11.My school’s/office’s name is ___________________.
12. My mother is a ______________________.
13. I don’t like ____________________.
14. Ten ____________.
15. Twenty five ________________.
16. Stomach ______________.
17. Thirty eight ___________________
18. Forty six __________________.
19. Teeth _____________
20.Fifty nine _______________
21. Hair ________________
22. Knees _______________