Lesson 24

  1. Whom? – He and Him
  2. Translate the following sentences
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Describe the scene

 

Lesson 24 He & Him (Subject Pronoun & the Object Pronoun)

Today we are going to see about the difference between the Subject Pronoun and the Object Pronoun , in the second person sentences.

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
Avan (He – informal way) Avanai (Him), and in some cases …avanukku, avan-idam/kitta, avan kooda.
Avar (He – formal way) Avarai (Him), and in some cases …avarukku, avar-idam/kitta, avar kooda.

 

Using ‘He’ and ‘Him’:

In Tamil ‘AVAN or IVAN’ is the ‘He’ in the informal way and it is ‘AVAR or IVAR’ for the ‘He’ in the formal way, or the respect form.

The object pronoun of the Avan is ‘Avanai/Ivanai’, but this changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

The object pronoun of the Avar is ‘Avarai/ Ivarai’, and this also changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

First let us see the sentences with the Avan – Avanai as the Subject – Object pronoun form sentences.

 

1a. Using ‘Avanai’ for Him the object pronoun:

Idhu thaan Albert. Enga vaguppule mudhal maanavan. This is Albert. He is our class topper.
Avanai kaalai 6.30 manikku palliyile paarkalaam. We shall see in in school by 6.30 in the morning.
Avanai enna kelvi ketaalum badhil solluvaan. He answers whatever question we ask him.
Ella teachers-um avanai paaraatuvaanga. All the teachers appreciate him.
Ella petror-kum avanai romba pidikkum. All the parents like him.

 

Sujesh, romba ketta paiyan. Sujesh is a bad boy.
Avanai engalukku pidikkaadhu. We don’t like him.
Avanai palli maidhaanathle paarkalaam. We shall see him in the school playground.
Avan ella pasangalaiyum keli seivaan. He bullies/ makes fun of all the kids.
Avanai ella aasiriyarum thittuvaanga. All the teachers scold him.
Enga kanakku vaadhiyaar oru naal avanai adichaar. One day, our maths teacher beat him.

Now let us see the sentences with the Avar – Avarai the Subject – Object pronouns form of He (with respect).

 

1b. Using ‘Avarai’ for Him (with respect) the object pronoun:

Peter thaatha romba balasaali. Grandpa Peter is a strong man.
Avarai enga thaathakku romba pidikkum. My grandpa likes him very much.
Avaraiyum enga thaathaavaiyum paarthu irukeengala? Have you seen my grandpa and him?
Dhinam, avaraiyum, enga thaathaavaiyum poonga-le paarka mudiyum. Every day, you could see him and my grandpa in the park.

 

Enga maama oru nalla cook. My uncle is a good cook.
Ella neramum avarai samayal arai-le paarkka mudiyum. You could see him in the kichen all the time.
Avarai enga ellarukkum pidikkum. We all love him.
Avarai engalukkaaga samaikka sonnom. We asked him to cook for us.
Avar ippo engalukkaaga chicken sausage seiraar. He is making chicken sausages for us.

 

En thambi Manojukku romba kaaichal/ juram irukku. My little brother Manoj has fever.
Naan avanukku konjam paal kondu poren. I am taking some milk for him.
Doctor, avanukku niraya thanneer aagaaram kudukka sonnaar. The doctor advised to give him a lot of fluids/ watery diet.
Konjam neram piragu, avanukku soup kuduppen. I will give him soup, after sometime.

 
 

Rajeev oru ketta paiyan. Rajeev is a bad boy.
Avanukku ethanai murai sonnaalum, settai seivaan. He does naughty things even if you tell him.
Avanukku ethanai murai thanndanai kuduthaalum avan bayappadave maataan. He never fears, even though you punish him.
Ippo kanakku teacher avanukku nalla thanndanai kudukka poraar. The Maths teacher is going to give him a punishment.

 

2b. Using ‘Avarukku’ for Him the object pronoun:

‘Avarai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Him’, with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avarukku’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Vijaykku cakes romba pidikkum. Vijay, loves cakes.
Naan indha cake-a avarukaaga senjen. I made this cake for him.
Naan avarukku indha cake-a kudukka poren. I am going to give him, this cake.
Idhu avarukku sandhoshathai tharum. It is going to make him happy.

 

En thaathaakku pirandha naal. It’s my grandpa’s birthday.
Naan avarukku oru anbalippu thara poren. I am going to give him a present.
Naan avarukku oru nalla tie vaangi tharuven. I will buy him a nice tie.
Avarukku endha colour tie pidikkum? Which colour would he like?

 

Using ‘Avan-idam/ Avan-kitta’ for You:

‘Avarai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Him’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avan-idam or Avan kitta’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Amma, annakku indha book vaangalaam. Mom, let’s buy this book for brother.
Avan kitta indha book irukka? Does he have this book?
Illa. Avan kitta indha book illa. No. He doesn’t have it.
Unga kitta idhu vaanga kaasu irukka? Do you have money to buy this book?

 

Appa, enakku oru cycle venum. Dad, I want a bicycle.
En nanban Cecil kitta oru pudhu cycle irukku. My Friend, Cecil, has a new bicycle.
Avan kitta oru helmet kooda irukku. He has got a helmet too.
Avan neththu andha cycle-la palli-kku kondu vandhaan. He brought his cycle to school, yesterday.

 

Using ‘Avar-idam/ Avar-kitta’ for You:

‘Avarai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Him’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avar-idam or Avar kitta’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

Vicky, appa kitta avanoda exam paper kaaturaan. Vicky is showing Dad, his exam papers.
Avar kitta irundhu avan kai-ezhuthu/sign vaanganum. He has to get a sign from him.
Avan ippo avar kitta thittu vaanguraan. He is now getting scoldings from his dad.
Avar kitta kai-ezhuththu vaanguvaanaa? Will he get a signature from him.

 

En maama American padaiyile oru ranuva-veerar-aa irukaar. My uncle is a soldier in the American army.
Avar kitta oru thuppaaki /gun irukku. There is a gun with him.
Avar kitta irukira gun enakku romba pidikkum. I like the gun that he has.
Avar kitta oru American kodi-yum irukku. There is also an American flag with him.
Unga kitta indha maadhiri gun irukkaa? Do you have a gun like this?

 
 

Using ‘Avan kooda/ Avanodu ’ for Him:

‘Avanai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Him’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avan kooda or Avanodu’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

Kaanth kooda avanoda appa irukaar. Kaanth’s dad is with him.
Avar avan kooda meen pidikiraar. He is catching with him.
Avanoda appa avan kooda eppavum irupaar. His dad is always with him.
Avar avanoda serndhu ippo oru meen pidichi-irukaar. Now, he has caught a fish with him.

 

Idhu Ranjan. Avan romba ketta paiyan. This is Ranjan. He is a naughty boy.
Avan kooda naanga pesa maattom. We won’t speak with him.
Avan kooda vilayaada maattom. We won’t play with him.
Avan ellaar-koodayum sandai poduvaan. He fights with everybody.

 

Using ‘Avan kooda/ Avanodu ’ for Him:

‘Avanai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Him’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avan kooda or Avanodu’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

En thaathaa romba nallaa nadanam aaduvaar. My grandpa dances really well.
En paati avar kooda dance aaduvaanga. My grandma dances with him.
Naanum avar kooda dance aaduven. I too, dance with him.
En thaathaa kooda nadanam aada romba sandhoshamaa irukkum. It is fun, dancing with him.

 

En pakaththu veetukaarar John-kku oru kurudar. My neighbor John is a blind man.
Avar kitta oru naai irukku. There is a dog with him/ He has a dog.
Adhu eppavum avar kooda irukkum. It is always with him.
Avar enge ponaalum, adhu avar kooda poghum. It goes with him, wherever he goes.
Adhu avar kooda irundhu, avarukku udhavi seiyum. It stays with him and helps him.

 

Translate the following sentences:


1. My uncle is talking with my Dad.
 
2. This gift is for him.
 
3. My grandmother is buying fruits for my grandpa.
 
4. The girl is scolding him.
 
5. I will not play with him.
 
6. My mom will give him some food.
 
7. Dad bought a watch for his boss.
 
8. I will give him the book.
 
9. They are going to talk with the teacher..
 
10. Your grandma taking your brother to the shop.
 
11. Look at him. He is so dirty.
 
12. Shall I play with him?
 
13. Don’t take him to the beach.
 
14. I will sing a song for my uncle.

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Vaguppu – Class
Paaraattu – Appreciation
Petror – Parents
Maidhaanathil – In the playground
Thittu – Scoldings
Vaadhiyaar – Master, male teacher
Adi/ adichaar – To Beat
Balasaali – Strong person
Poonga – Park
Mudiyum – Can – modal auxiliary
Ellarukkum – For all
Sonnom – We Said – plural form
Kaaichal/ juram – Fever
Ketta – Bad/ naughty
Sonnaalum – Though said
Thanndanai – Punishment
Eththanai – How many
Maataan – He will not do/ won’t
Kaaturaan – He shows
Kai ezhuththu – Signature
Padai – Army
Thuppaaki – Gun
Kodi – Flag
Maattom – We won’t
Ellaar kooda – With everyone
Nadanam – Dance
Aaduvaar – He dances
Kurudar – Blind man

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Petror:
_________________________________________________________

2. Paaraattu:
_________________________________________________________

3. Thitturaanga :
_________________________________________________________

4. Vaadhiyaar :
_________________________________________________________

5. Kurudar :
_________________________________________________________

6. Kodi :
_________________________________________________________

7. Maataan :
_________________________________________________________

8. Thuppaaki :
_________________________________________________________

9. Poonga :
_________________________________________________________

10. Balasaali :
_________________________________________________________

11. Adichaan :
_________________________________________________________

12. Serndhu :
_________________________________________________________

13. Sandai :
_________________________________________________________

14. Eththanai murai:
_________________________________________________________

15. Kaaichal :
_________________________________________________________

16. Kai ezhuththu :
_________________________________________________________

17. Padai-le :
_________________________________________________________

 

Use the pronouns we learnt today and describe the pictures.

 

 

Describing the scene: