Lesson 22

  1. Whom? – I and Me
  2. Translate the following sentences
  3. PudhuVaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Birds
  6. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 22 I and Me – Subject- Object

Today we are going to see about the difference between the Subject Pronoun and the Object Pronoun.

 


Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
Naan (I) Ennai (Me), and in some cases…enakku, en idam/kitta, en kooda
Nee (You) Unnai (You), and in some cases …unakku, un idam/kitta, un kooda.
Neenga (You- with respect) Ungalai (You), and in some cases…ungalukku, unga idam/kitta, unga kooda.
Avan/ Ivan (He) Avanai (Him), avanukku, avan idam/kitta, avan kooda.
Avar/ Ivar (He – with respect) Avarai (Him), avarukku, avar idam/kitta, avar kooda.
Aval/ Ival (She) Avalai (Her), avalukku, aval idam/kitta, aval kooda.
Avanga/ Ivanga (She – with respect) Avangalai (Her), avangalukku, avangalidam/kitta, avanga kooda
Adhu/ Idhu (It) Adhai….
Naanga (We) Engalai (Us)….
Naama (We – with the listener) Nammai (Us)….
Avanga/ Ivanga (They) Avangalai (Them)…..
Yaara(Who ) Yaarai (whom)…..

 

Using ‘I’ and ‘Me’:

Both me and I are 1st person singular pronouns, which means that they are used by one person to refer to himself or herself.

In Tamil ‘Naan’ is the ‘I’ and it is also used in the ‘I am’ sentences. And the me in Tamil is ‘Ennai’, but this changes according to the prepositions that come along with the.

‘Naan’ is the subject pronoun, which means that it is used as the subject of a verb, the one “doing” the verb, as in these examples:

1. Naan paadam padikiren. I am reading the lesson.
2. Naan dhinamum veetukku poven. I go home daily.

‘Ennai’ is the object pronoun, which means that it is used as the receiver of the action of the verb, as in these examples:

1. Appa ennai koopiduraar. Dad is calling me.
2. En aasiriyar ennai paaraatinaar.. My teacher appreciated me.

In the further examples, we will see how the ‘Me’ that is ‘Ennai’ used in the sentences and the ways in which it differs in certain cases.

 

Using ‘Ennai’ for Me:

Naan palli-la ettam vaguppu padikiren. I am studying in eighth grade, in school.
Naan en paritchai-la nalla madhippen eduthen. I scored/ took good marks in my exams.
En aasiriyarum, thalaimai aasiriyarum ennai paaraatinaanga. My teacher and the Head-mistress appreciated me.
En ammavum, ennai paaraatinaanga. Avangalukku romba sandhosham. Even my mom appreciated me. She was very happy.

 

En amma ennai thitturaanga. Yen theriyuma? My mom is scolding me. Do you know why?
En amma enga veetai romba azhagaa veippaanga. My mom keeps our house beautiful.
Naan avangaloda virupamaana poo thottiyai odachitten. I broke her favorite vase.
Adhanale en amma ennai ippo thitturaanga. So, my mom is scolding me now.
Naan settai seiyum bodhu en amma ennai thittuvaanga. My mom scolds me when I am naughty.

 

 

Using ‘Enakku’ for Me:

‘Ennai’ is the object pronoun, ‘ME’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Enakku’ is used as the object pronoun. Here are some examples..

 

Idhu Eid pandigai neram. It is the time of the Eid festival.
En Annan enakku eppovum oru parisu vaangi tharuvaan. My elder brother always buys me a present.
Pona Eid-kku enakku oru kai gadigaaram vangi thandhaan.. Last time, for Eid, he bought me a wrist watch.
Indha Eid-kku enakku enna vaangi-irukaan theriyale. I don’t know what he has bought for me this year.

 

Enakku balloons romba pidikkum. I love balloons.
En appa dhinamum enakku balloon vangi kodupaar. Every day, my dad buys balloons for me.
Inaikku enakku moonu balloon vaangittu vandhaar. He bought me three balloons today.
Naalaikkum enakku balloon vaangittu varuvaar. Even tomorrow, my dad will buy me balloons.

 

 

Using ‘En idam/ En kitta’ for Me:

‘Ennai’ is the object pronoun, ‘ME’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘En-idam/ En kitta’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Naan oru kanidha medhai. I am a Math Genius.
Ungalukku kanakku paadam kadinamaana irukka? Do you find Maths difficult?
En kitta vaanga. Naan solli tharuven. Come to me. I will teach you.
Ella kanakku-kkum en-idam badhil irukku. There are solutions for all sums, with me./ I have the solution to all the sums.

 

Hey thambi paapaa, yen azhure? Hey little bro, why are you crying?
En kitta sollu! Unakku enna venum.. Tell me. What do you want?
Azhaadhe. En kitta kelu. Don’t cry. Ask me.
Nee, En kitta enna ketaalum vaangi tharuven. I will buy you whatever you ask of me.

 

 

Using ‘En kooda/ Enodu ’ for Me:

‘Ennai’ is the object pronoun, ‘ME’, but in the following sentences where we try to say ‘along with me or with me, the ‘En kooda’ or ‘Enodu’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Hey Johnny, En kooda vareeyaa?. Hey Jonny, will you come with me?
En kooda vandha, naan unakku oru parisu tharen. I will give you a gift, if you come with me.
Sari. Akka naama ippo enge porom? Ok Sister. But where are we going now?
En kooda amaidhiyaa vaa. Adhu oru ragasiyam. That is a secret. Now just come quietly with me.

 

Hello Nanba, yen nee azhare? Hey friend, why are you crying?
En veetukku poga, enakku vazhi theriyale. I don’t know my way home.
Sari, bayappadaadhe. En kooda vaa. Alright. Don’t be scared. Come with me.
En kooda vaa. Unakku naan vazhi kaaturen. Come with me. I will show you the way.

 

 

Translate the following sentences:


1. My dad loves me.
 
2. Bring me some coffee.
 
3. Take me with you.
 
4. The old man called me.
 
5. Come with me to the market.
 
6. My mom appreciates me when I am a good boy.
 
7. Dad bought a ball for me.
 
8. Give me the keys.
 
9. Call me tomorrow.
 
10. Grandma takes me to the shop.
 
11. Look at me.
 
12. Come on, dance with me.
 
13. Don’t scold me.
 
14. My friend is singing with me.

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Paritchai – Exam
Madhippen – Marks
Thalaimai aasiriyar – Head mistress
Paaraatu – Praise, appreciation
Paaraatinaanga – Appreciated
Thittu – Scold
Poo thotti – Flower vase
Udai/ odai – Break
Pandigai – Festival
Settai – Naughtiness
Gadigaaram – Clock
Dhinamum – Daily
Vandhaar – He came
Varuvaar – He will come
Kanidha medhai – Mathematician, math genius
Kadiznam – Difficult
Badhil – Reply, answer
Azhure – Cry
Ketaal – If you cry
Amaidhiyaa – Silent, quiet
Ragasiyam – Secret
Bayappadaadhe – Don’t be frightened
Vazhi – Way
Kaaturen – Show (I will show)

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Paritchai :
_________________________________________________________

2. Thalaimai aasiriyar:
_________________________________________________________

3. Paaraattu :
_________________________________________________________

4. Poo thotti :
_________________________________________________________

5. Settai :
_________________________________________________________

6. Kaatu:
_________________________________________________________

7. Kadinam:
_________________________________________________________

8. Pandigai :
_________________________________________________________

9. Ragasiyam :
_________________________________________________________

10. Vazhi :
_________________________________________________________

11. Badhil :
_________________________________________________________

12. Azhure :
_________________________________________________________

13. Vandhaanga :
_________________________________________________________

14. Pratchanai :
_________________________________________________________

15. Kanidha medhai :
_________________________________________________________

16. Thittu :
_________________________________________________________

17. Udaichitten :
_________________________________________________________

 

Birds

Now let us see how we call some birds in Tamil..
Mayil Kaagam/ Kaka Kuruvi
Kozhi Seval Vaan Kozhi
Neruppu kozhi Panjavarna kili Kili
Kokku Parundhu Kazhughu
Kauthari Annam Vaaththu
Puraa Meen koththi Mara-koththi
Penquin Aandhai Kuyil

 

Padam paarthu badhil sollu:

Anna enna kudukiraan? Akka enna seiyiraa?
Amma enna seiraanga? Yaar kooda Meena poraa?
Inge enna nadakudhu? Ravi enna seiraan?

 

Describe the picture: