- Prepositions – 3
- Pudhu Vaarthaigal
- Conversation Building
- Pudhu Vaarthaigal
Preposition – Part 3
Today we are going to see about few more prepositions
To – … kku/…kitte
When we want to say about going to a person, giving a thing to a person, talking to a person, we use the prepositions TO. Here are a few more examples of the places where we use TO and how it is expressed in Tamil
Avanukku doctor kitta poga pidikaadhu. He does not like to go to the doctor
Avanukku ippo doctor thaduppu oosi poduraanga. The doctor is going to give him a vaccine.
Kevin, doctor kitta poga eppavum azhuvaan Kevin always cries to go to the doctor.
Avalukku phone pesa romba pidikkum She loves to talk over a phone
Ippo Avaloda nanban Rakesh kitta phone pesuraa She is talking to her friend Rakesh.
Aval eppavum avaloda nanbargal kitta phone pesuvaa. She always talks to her friends over the phone.
Aval andha letter-a ippo thabaal petti-la poduraa. She is now osting it/ She is dropping it into the postbox now.
Avaloda thaatha India-la irukaar. Her grandpa is in India.
Avaloda thaathaa avalukku badhil kadeedham ezhudhuvaar. Her grandpa write a reply letter to her letter.
Thaathaakku kadeedham ezhudha Rosie-kku romba pidikkum Rosie likes to write letters to her grandpa.
From –…la irrundhu/…kitta irrundhu
The preposition FROM is used when we talk about coming or going froma place, or a person. Also it is used when taking away a thing from a place or person.
Now let us see the first case. – coming/ going from a place.
Naanga market-la irrundhu varomWe are coming from the market
Market-la niraya kadaigal irruku.There are many shops in the market.
Ange Kaaigal vanginom. We bought vegetables there.
Enakku carrot romba pidikkum. I like carrots very much.
Enakku marketukku pogavum pidikkum. I like to go for a market too.
Oru thirudan vandi-la vandhaan A thief came on a bike.
Avan aval-kitta irrundhu aval paiyai pidingitaan He snatched her bag away from her.
Aval romba azhudhaal. Aval romba paavam. She cried a lot. She looked pitiful.
Idhu oru kozhi iraichi kadai. This is chicken meat shop
Enga amma eppavum indha kadaila irundhu thaan chicken vanguvaanga My mom always buys chicken from this shop
Indha kadaila irundhu chicken vangi engalukku samaipaanga She buys chicken from this shop and cooks it for us.
Indha kaidaila irundhu vaangura chicken romba nalla irukkum The meat from this shop is really good.
Unga veetla endha kaidaila irundhu chicken vaanguvaanga. From which shop does your mom get chicken.
From –..kitta irundhu
Rosie –oda amma cupcakes romba nalla seivaanga Rosie’s mom makes really nice cupcakes.
Avanga kadai-la irundhu cupcakes vaanga maataanga She never buys cupcakes from the shop.
Rosie amma kitta irundhu muffins sei kathukkiraa Rosie is learning to make cupcakes, from mom.
With – …oda/…kooda
In Tamil, when we use the prepositions WITH and ALONG WITH, we have to add –oda or –kooda after the subject
1. Ram en kooda/ -oda beachkku varaan. (Ram is coming to the beach along with me.)
2. Amma anbu-oda engalukku samaipaanga. (Amma cooks for us with love)
First let us take the along with (–KOODA)
WITH – ..kooda/..-oda
Idhu Deepak. Adhu avan thangai, Deepika. This is Deepak. That is his sister Deepika.
Deepika, Deepak annanoda ella idhathukkum povaa Deepika goes out to all places with Deepak.
Deepak-kooda schoolukku povaa She goes to school with Deepak.
Deepak-kooda kadaikkum povaa. Deepak-kooda eppavum irrupaa She also goes to the shop with Deepak. She will always be with Deepak.
Avalukku Deepak anna-na romba pidikkum She likes her elder brother Deepak very much.
Enakku Motu-kooda irruka pidikkum. I love to be with Motu.
Naan enge, Motu ange. Where I am, Motu will be there.
Motu-oda naan nalla vilaiyaaduven. Motukkum ennodu irruka pidikkum I will play with Motu. Motu also likes to be with me.
Poppy enge irukka? (Where is Poppy?)
Aval oru kaatu-la irukkaa (She is in a forest.)
Poppy kooda yaar irukaa?. (Who is with Poppy?)
Poppy kooda yaarume illa. Ava thaniyaa irukkaa. Nobody is with Poppy. She is alone.
En kooda pesa yaarume illa (Nobody is there to talk to me.)
En kooda nee vilayaada vareeya? (Will you come to play with me?)
Nee Reuban kooda vilayaada poreeyaa? (Are you going to play with Reuban?)
Idhu enoda amma This is my mother
En amma romba nallavanga She is very good.
Avanga ennai romba anbu-odu paarthu- paanga She looks after me with love
Enakku udambu sariyilladha bodhu en koodave irupaanga She will be with me when I fall sick.
En ammavai enakku romba pidikkum. I love my mom
Avar en kooda vilayaaduvaar. He plays with me.
Avar en kooda kadhai padipaar. He reads stories with me.
Avar enakku bommai vaangi tharuvaar He buys dolls for me.
Avar kazhtapattu velai seiraar He works very hard.
Avar ennai eppavum romba gavam-oda paarthupaar He always looks after me with care.
Father’s day varudhu. Naan appakku enna parisu vaangattum? Father’s day is coming. What gift shall I buy dad?
|Thaduppu oosi – vaccine|
|azhuvaan – he cries|
|pesu – speak/ talk|
|eppavum – always|
|kadeedham – letter|
|ezhudhu – write|
|niraya – many|
|kadai – shop|
|kaaigal – hands|
|thirudan – burglar, thief|
|vandhaan – he came|
|Vandi – Vehicle|
|Azhudaal – She cried|
|Kozhi – hen|
|Iraichi – meat|
|Vaangu/ vaangittu – buy|
|idam – place|
|karadi – bear|
|kaadu – forest, jungle|
|thaniyaa – alone|
|Yaarume illai – nobody there|
|Solraan – says|
|Koodave – along with|
|Gavanam – care|
|Kazhtapattu – hardworking|
|Varudhu – arriving|
Build a Conversation
Here are different situations. Try filling in the boxes with some dialogues. Try to build a conversation
Try to frame sentences in Tamil:
1. Thaduppu oosi:
Padam Paarthu Badhil Sollu
|Indha padam patri sollunga||Rosie enge irukaa?|
|Idhu yaar?||Ivanga yaar, enna panraanga?|
|Vicky enna seiraan?||Rachel enna seiraa?|
Try to translate the following:
John and Jane are brother and sister. They live in New York. They love to play. John loves to play with his sister.
They are now in the toy room. There are toys in the toy box. They are John’s toys. Now James is coming.
James is their cousin. He is coming from the juice shop. He is drinking some juice. James also likes to play with them.
He has a pet dog and its name is Hoody. Hoody goes everywhere with James