Lesson 25

  1. Whom? – She and Her
  2. Translate the following sentences
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Frame sentences
  5. Describe the scene

 

Lesson 25 She & Her (Subject Pronoun & the Object Pronoun)

Today we are going to see about the difference between the Subject Pronoun and the Object Pronoun , in the second person sentences.

 

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
Aval (She – informal way) Avalai (Her), and in some cases …avalukku, aval-idam/kitta, aval kooda.
Avanga (She – formal way) Avangalai (Her), and in some cases …avangalukku, avanga-lidam/kitta, avanga kooda.

 

Using ‘She’ and ‘Her’:

In Tamil ‘AVAL or IVAL’ is the ‘She’ in the informal way and it is ‘AVANGA’ or IVANGA’ for the ‘She’ in the formal way, or the respect form.The object pronoun of the Aval is ‘Avalai/Ivalai’, but this changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

The object pronoun of the Avanga is ‘Avangalai/ Ivangalai’, and this also changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

First let us see the sentences with the Aval – Avalai as the Subject – Object pronoun form sentences.

 

1a. Using ‘Avalai’ for Him the object pronoun:

Enga thottath-la naanga kannaamboochi vilayaadurom. We are playing Hide and Seek in our garden.
En thozhi-ai kaanavilai. My friend is missing.
Avalai ellaa idathle-yum thedurom. We search for her everywhere.
Avalai neenga paartheengalaa? Did you see her?
Avalai paarthaal, sollunga. Tell me, if you see her.

 

Suja, oru kettikaara ponnu. Suja is a smart girl.
Appa-kku Suja-vai romba pidikkum. Dad loves Suja very much.
Avalai ella idathukku kootittu povaar. He takes her everywhere.
Avalai ippo palli-kku kootittu poraar. Now, he is taking her to the school.
Sujaa-vai ellarum, chutti ponnu-nu solluvaanga. Everybody calls Suja, a smart girl.

 

Now let us see the sentences with the Avanga – Avangalai the Subject – Object pronouns form of Her (with respect).

 

1b. ‘Avangalai’ for Her (with respect) the object pronoun:

Inaikku Aasiriyar dhinam. Today is the Teacher’s day.
Ms. Rosie-ai engalukku pidikkum. We love Ms.Rosie.
Avangalai oru nalla teacher-nu solluvaanga. Everybody call her, a good teacher.
Avangalai, naanga ippo ‘Aasiriyar dhinathukku’ vaazhthurom. Now, we are wishing her for the teacher’s day.

 

Margaret oru nurse/ seviliyar. Margaret is a nurse.
Indha maruththuva mania-la ivangalai ellarukkum theriyum. Everyone in this hospital knows her.
Ivangalai ella doctors-um koopiduvaanga. All the doctors call her.
Ivangalai paarthaa kuzhandhainga azha maataanga. The kids too, do not cry when they see her.
Margaret-ai elaarukkum pidikkum. Everybody likes Margaret.

 

2a. Using ‘Avalukku’ for Him the object pronoun:

‘Avalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avalukku’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

En thangai-kku junk food romba pidikkum. My little sister likes junk food very much.
Avalukku ippo vayiru vali. Now, she has got a stomach ache.
Ava, junk food saapida koodaathunnu, doctor sonnaar. The doctor advised her not to eat any junk food.
Avalukku ethanai murai/thadavai sonnaalum, ava ketkka maataa. She never listens though she is asked not to.

 

Cashier : Hello Mrs.More, enna indha pakkam? Hello Ms. More, what brings you here?
Mrs. More :Naalaikku, en magal palli-le oru poti. Avalukku sila porul vaanga vandhen. There is a contest in my daughter’s school.I came to buy a few things for her.
Cashier : Oh. Avalukku ippo enna vayasu aachu. Oh. How old is she now?
Mrs. More : Ippo avalukku paththu vayasu aachu. Now, she is ten years old.
Mrs. More : Nalladhu. Avalukku vendiya ella porullum neenga vaangiteengalaa? Good. Have you bought everything she needs?

 

2b. Using ‘Avangalukku’ for Him the object pronoun:

‘Avalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’, with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avangalukku’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Doctor :Mr. George, unga manaivikku enna vayasu aachu. Mr. George, what is your wife’s age?
Mr. George : Avalukku ippo aruvadhu vayasu aachu. She is 60 years old.
Doctor :Sari, avangalukku, oru pratchanaiyum illai. Saathaarana kaaichal thaan. Okay. Nothing is wrong with her. Its just viral fever.
Mr. George : Appadiya? Avangalukku yedhaavadhu marundhu thareengalaa? Is it so? Are you prescribing any medicines for her.

 

En akkakku papa pirakka podhu. My sister is going to have a baby.
Avangalukku dhinam kaalaiyile thalai mayakkam varum. She feel dizzy every morning.
Avangalukku ippo vaandhi varudhu. She is going to throw up.
Avangalukku yedhuvum saapida pidikkale. She doesn’t like to eat anything.

 

3a. Using ‘Aval-idam/ Aval-kitta’ for You:

‘Avalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Aval-idam or Aval kitta’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Sony-kitta niraiya pazhaiya thunigal irukku. There is a lot of old clothes with Sony.
Ava-kitta irukkira niraiya dresses chinnadhaa irukku. Most of the dresses she has, are very small.
Ava andha thunigale avalukku therinja yezhaigalukku kuduppaa. She will give the clothes to the poor people she knows.
Unga kitta indha maadhiri pazhaiyaa thuni irundhaa neenga enna seiveenga? What would you do if you are going to have clothes like this.

 

Jasmine-kitta niraiya bommaigal irukku. Jasmine has a lot of dolls with her.
Adhule oru kutty papa bommai irukku. Among them, there is a baby doll.
Andha bommai avalukku romba pidikkum. She loves that doll very much.
Andha bommaikku vendiya porul ellam ava-kitta irukku. She has all the things needed for the doll.

 

3b. Using ‘Avangal-idam/ Avanga-kitta’ for You:

‘Avangalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’, with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avanga-idam or Avanga-kitta’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Avanga-kitta alangaaram seidhu kolla enakkum romba aasai. I too, love to do take a beauty therapy from her.
Ms. Sunitha oru azhagu nilayathle velai seiraanga . Ms. Sunitha is working in a beauty parlor.
Avanga-kitta ella vidhamaana azhagu saadanangalum irukku. She has got all the various beauty devices.
Avanga-kitta alangaaram seiya niraiya pengal varuvaanga. Many women come to her for their beauty therapies.

 

Meetha-vum Rani-um pakkaththu veetukaaranga. Meetha and Rani are neighbours.
Meetha-kitta oru vacuum cleaner irukku. Avanga adhaale suththam seivaanga. Meetha has got a vacuum cleaner with her. She cleans with it.
Rani-kitta thudappam irukku. Avanga adhaale thaan suththam seivaanga. Rani has a broom. She does the cleaning with it.
Ivanga rendu perula yaaru seekiramaa suththam seivaanga? Out of these two, who would do the cleaning quickly.

 

4a. Using ‘Ava-kooda/ Avalodu ’ for Him:

‘Avalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Aval kooda or Avalodu’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Diya-um Diyan-um akka thambi. Diya and Diyan are brother and sister.
Diyan eppavum avanoda akka-kooda iruppaan. Diyan is always with his sister.
Diya kooda pallikku povaan. He goes to school with her.
Avan ippo Diya-kooda padam varaiyiraan. Now he is drawing a picture with Diya.

 

Sweety nallaa padippaa. Sweety studies well.
Inge poongaa-le, Sweety- kooda Tracy-um irukkaa. Tracy is also there with Sweety, in the park.
Tracy, Sweety-kooda serndhu padikiraa. Tracy is studying along with Sweety.
Tracy-kooda avaloda poonai kutty-um irukku. Tracy’s cat is also with her.

 

4b. Using ‘Avanga-kooda/ Avangalodu ’ for Him:

‘Avangalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Her’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avanga kooda or Avangalodu’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

 

Indha paati, engaloda pakkaththu veetukkaaranga. This old lady, is our neighbor.
Naanga avanga-kooda pesa maatom.. We don’t speak with her.
Avanga-kooda pesunaa sandhai thaan varum. It will become a quarrel if we talk to her.
Avanga ellar-koodayum sandhai poduvaanga. She quarrels with everyone.

 

Tina : Mrs. Ravina, enge poreenga? Ms.Ravina, where are you going?
Ravina :Naan en maamiyaar-kooda veli oor poren. I am going out of station/ abroad with my mother-in-law.
Tina : Avangalodu entha idathukku poreenga. To which place are you going with her?
Ravina :Avanga-kooda India-kku poren. I am going to India with her.
Tina : Unga-kooda unga pillaingalum varaangalaa? Are your children coming along with you?

 

Translate the following sentences:


1. My uncle is talking with my grandma.

2. This gift is for Ms. Geetha

3. My grandmother is buying fruits for my aunt.

4. My dad is scolding her.

5. I will not play with Rachel.

6. My mom will give some food to the old lady.

7. My uncle bought a watch for my aunt.

8. I will give Sweety, the book.

9. They are going to talk with my teacher, Ms. Claire.

10. Your grandma taking your sister to the hospital.

11. Look at that woman. She is so beautiful.

12. Shall I play with Geetha?

13. Don’t take her to the park.

14. I will sing a song for my friend, Ravina.

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Kannaampoochi – Hide and seek
Kaanavilai – Not to be found
Thedurom – We are searching
Kettikaara, chutti – Smart, clever
Aasiriyar dhinam – Teacher’s day
Vaazhthurom – We are wishing
Azha maataanga – They do not cry
Vayiru vali – Stomach ache
Saapida koodaadhu – Shouldn’t eat
Poti – Competition, contest
Vayasu – Age
Manaivi – Wife
Saathaarana – Ordinary, usual
Kaaichal – Fever
Papa pirakka podhu – A baby is going to be born
Marundhu – Medicine
Vaandhi – Vomit
Pazhaiya – Old
Chinnadhaa – Small (adj)
Yezhaigalukku – For the poor
Indha maadhiri – Likewise, like this
Azhagu nilayam – Beauty parlor
Saadhanam – Devices, Kits, Tools.
Alangaaram – Beauty, beautify
Adhaale – With that
Thudappam – Broom
Serndhu – Along with, together
Pesa maatom – We don’t speak
Veli oor – Out of station, abroad

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Poti:
_________________________________________________________

2. Vayasu:
_________________________________________________________

3. Azhagu nilayam :
_________________________________________________________

4. Vayiru vali :
_________________________________________________________

5. Yezhai :
_________________________________________________________

6. Kaaichal :
_________________________________________________________

7. Pazhaiyya :
_________________________________________________________

8. Manaivi :
_________________________________________________________

9. Thuddappam :
_________________________________________________________

10. Veli oor :
_________________________________________________________

11. Adichaan :
_________________________________________________________

12. Serndhu :
_________________________________________________________

13. Sandai :
_________________________________________________________

14. Eththanai murai:
_________________________________________________________

15. Kaaichal :
_________________________________________________________

16. Vaandhi :
_________________________________________________________

17. Theduren :
_________________________________________________________

 

Use the pronouns we learnt today and describe the pictures.

 

 

Describing the scene: