Lesson 29

  1. Whom? – They and Them
  2. Translate the following sentences
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Frame sentences
  5. Describing the scene


Lesson 29 They & Them (Subj. Pronoun & the Obj. Pronoun)

Let’s try translating a few sentences..for a recap.

Translate the following sentences:

1. My uncle is talking with my grandma.
2. This gift is for him.
3. She is buying meat for her dog.
4. My dad is scolding the oldman.
5. I will not play with my uncle.
6. My mom will give some food to the old lady.
7. My uncle bought a watch for my aunt.
8. I will give Sweety, the book.
Today we are going to see about the difference between the Subject Pronoun and the Object Pronoun , in the second person sentences.

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
Avanga (They) Avangalai (They), and in some cases …avangalukku, avanga-lidam/kitta, avanga kooda.

Using ‘They’ and ‘Them’:

In Tamil the object pronoun of the Avanga is ‘Avangalai/ Ivangalai’, and this also changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.


1. ‘Avangalai’ for They the object pronoun:

Enga pakaththu veetaarukku moonu pillanga.. My neighbor has three kids.
Andha pilangalai paarthukka oru babysitter irukaanga. There is a babysitter to look after these kids.
Andha pillainga romba chettai seivaanga. These kids are really naughty.
Avangalai saamalipadhu romba kashtamaana velai. It’s an impossible job to control them.


Ivanga rendu perum bhayangaramaana thirudargal. These two are very dangerous robbers.
Ivargalai pidikka police romba muyarchi seiraanga. The police are taking efforts to catch them.
Aana ivangalai pidikka mudiyavilai. But they cannot catch them.
Thiruttu thozhil-a ivangalai minja yaarum illai. There is none as good as them in burglary.
Ivangalai pidikka udhavinaal, parisu kudupathaaga police solli-irukaanga. The police has announced to reward those who help in catching them.


2. Using ‘Avangalukku’ for Him the object pronoun:

‘Avangalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Them’,but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avangalukku’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

Ivangalukku sevai seiya romba pidikkum. They love to do service.
Ivangalukku thevaiyaana ella marundhukalai avanga hospital tharudhu. The hospital gives them all the medicines they need.
Ivangalukku irukkum ennam niraya doctors-kku varanum. Many doctors should have the same thought like them.
Ivangalai paaraati, ivangalukku arasaangam virudhu thandhu irukku. The government has acknowledged their service and has awarded them


Indha pillaigalukku fancy dress competition nadakkudhu. The Fancy dress competition is going on.
Avangalukku kuduththa thalaippu, ‘Viduthalai veerargal’. Freedom fighters, is the topic given to them.
Ms Thamarai avangalukku azhagaa alangaaram seidhu-irukaanga. Ms Thamarai has dressed them beautifully.


3. Using ‘Avangal-idam/ Avanga-kitta’ for You:

‘Avangalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘They’, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avanga-idam or Avanga-kitta’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

Miya florists oru pudhu flower shop/ poo kadai. Miya florists is a new florist shop.
Avanga-kitta ella vidhamaana pookkal kidaikkum. All varieties of flowers are available with them.
Avanga-kitta romba azhagaana poo chendugal irukku. Many beautiful bouquets are also with them.
Avanga-kitta romba vilai adhigamaana pookkal irukku.Sila vilai kuraivaana azhagiya pookalum irukku. They have expensive flowers and also a few inexpensive beautiful flowers.
Avanga-kitta thirumana alangaarathukku order kudukkalaam. We shall also place orders for wedding decorations.


Ivanga ellarum namakku udhavi seiravanga. All these people are our helpers.
Avanga-kitta avangalukku thevaiyaana velai karuvigal irukkum.. They have the tools they need.
Thachchaar/Carpenters-kitta suthiyal-um aani-yum irukkum. Carpenters have the hammer and the nails.
Painters-kitta brush-um rollers-um irukkum. The painters will have their brushes and rollers.
Plumbers-kitta velai karuvi petti irukkum.. Plumbers have their tool box.
Kari-kadikaaragal-kitta kaththi irukkum… The meat vendors have knives..
Avanga-kitta irukkum velai karuvigal kondu avanga sirappa velai seivaanga.. They do their job well with the tools they have.


4. Using ‘Avanga-kooda’ for Them:

‘Avangalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘Them’,with respect, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Avanga kooda ’ is used as the object pronoun. Example:

Indha thaathaa paati, engaloda pakkaththu veetukkaaranga. This grandma and grandpa are our neighbours.
Avangalukku pillaigal illai. They do not have kids.
Naanga avanga kooda thottathle barbeque party panrom. We are having a barbeque party with them in the garden.
Aduththa vaaram naanga avanga-kooda India porom. Next week, we are going to India with them.
Naanga avanga-kooda irundhaal avangalukku pidikkum. They love it, when we are there with them.


Vijay-um Vini-um vilayaada poongakku vandhaanga. Vijay and Vini came to the park to play.
Avanga kooda ippo Rakhi vilayaaduraan. Rakhi is playing with them now.
Poonga-la avanga kooda vera sila pillangal-um irukaanga. Along with them, there are a few more kids in the garden.
Oru paiyan meen pidikkiraan. Innoru paiyan padam varairaan. Vera oru paiyan padam pidikkiraan. A boy is catching fish. Another boy is painting a picture. And another boy is taking pictures.
Indha pillainga-kooda periyavanga yaarum illai. There is no elders with these kids.


Translate the following sentences:

1. My uncle is talking with his neighbors.
2. This gift is for those boys.
3. My mother is buying clothes for my cousins.
4. My dad is teaching them.
5. I will sing with the girls.
6. My mom gives food to the poor.
7. My uncle bought chocolates for the kids.
8. I will give them, the sweets.
9. We are going out with them..
10. Your grandma taking them to the hospital.
11. Look at those kids. They are so beautiful.
12. Shall I play with my cousins?
13.Don’t take them to the park.
14. I will sing a song for the children.


Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Paarthukka – To look after
Settai – Naughty
Samaalipadhu – To control
Kashtam – Difficult
Bhayangaramaana – Dangerous
Thirudargal – Thieves
Muyarchi – Efforts
Mudiyavilai – couldn’t
Minja – to exceed
Sevai – service
Paaraattu – praise, encourage
Arasaangam – government
Thalaippu – topic
Viduthalai – freedom
Veerar – victor, warrior, fighter
Alangaaram – decoration
Vilai kuraivu – inexpensive
Thirumanam – wedding
Suthiyal – hammer
Aani – nails
Kaththi – knife
periyavanga – elders



Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. avangalukku:

2. alangaaram:

3. periyavanga :

4. thirudargal :

5. avangalai :

6. viduthalai:

7. muyarchi :

8. avanga-kitta :

9. suthiyal :

10. avanga-kooda :

11. samaali :

12. chettai:

13. nanbargal-kooda :

14. thalaippu:

15. aasiyargal-kooda :

16. vilai kuraivu :

17. vilai adhigam :


Use the pronouns we learnt today and describe the pictures.



Describing the scene: