Lesson 20

  1. VERBS – 3
  2. Try to translate
  3. ‘Going to’ statements
  4. Vegetables
  5. Frame sentences
  6. Dialogue building

 

Lesson 20 Verbs – Part 3

In this lesson, we are going to learn some more verbs. Try to recall these when you come across such incidences in daily life.

 

Katti-pidi
கட்டிப் பிடி
Hug/ Embrace
Muththam kudu
முத்தம் குடு
Kiss
Thatti kudu
தட்டிக் குடு
Pat
Vizhu
விழு
Fall
Kadi
கடி
Bite
Mellu
மெல்லு
Chew/ Munch
Vizhungu
விழுங்கு
Swallow
Thuppu
துப்பு
Spit
Kaappattru / Kaapaathu
காப்பாற்று /
காப்பாத்து
Save a person/ Animal
Anai
அணை
Extinguish/ Put out
Kanakkidu
கணக்கிடு
Calculate
ENNu/ ENNidu
எண்ணு / எண்ணிடு
Count
Aarambi
ஆரம்பி / தொடங்கு / துவங்கு
Begin/Start
Mudi
முடி
Finish/Complete
Nattu vai
நடு / நட்டு வை
Plant
Pari
பறி / பிடுங்கு
Pluck
Munn sel
முன் செல்
Lead
Pin Sel /Pinpatru
பின் செல் / பின்பற்று
/ பின் தொடர்
Follow
Manni
மன்னி
Forgive
Thandi
தண்டி
Punish
Kaathidu
காத்திடு
Protect
Azhi
அழி
Destroy
Semi
சேமி
Save
Selavazhi
செலவழி
Spend
Maranthidu
மறந்திடு
Forget
Ninaivu kooru / kol
நினைவு கூறு /
கொள்
Remember
Anbai iru
அன்பாய் இரு /
அன்பு காட்டு
Love
Veru
வெறு
Hate
Kattalai Yidu
கட்டளை இடு
Order
Keezhpadi
கீழ்படி
Obey
Mitha
மித
Float
Moozhgu
மூழ்கு
Drown/Sink
Vaangu
வாங்கு
Buy
Vittruvidu / Virthidu
விற்றுவிடு / வித்திடு
Sell
Tholai
தொலை
Lose
Kandu-pidi
தேடு / கண்டுபிடி
Find

There are many more verbs that is used in our life. There are some verbs that combine to denote one action.

 

Try to say the following in Tamil:


1. Raju, pluck the apple.

2. Dad, forgive me.

3. Grandpa forgets everything.

4. Veeta, chew your food.

5. John, buy the newspaper.

6. Tommy, obey.

7. Please sell the old car.

8. Mom saves money.

9. Danny, find the coin.

10. Grandma! Hug me.

11. Sumitha, count the fish.

12. Follow your dad.

 

Usage of – ra, -a, -kka in the “going to” statements:

Every verb changes according to the tense. In these tenses, the ‘“going to”____do an action statement is very commonly.

Example:

1. I am going to eat my breakfast

2. He is going throw the ball.

In Tamil , mostly all the verbs will end with the vowel sounds such as a, e, i, and u.

 

Verbs ending with ‘a’

will usually have – ra

Example

Vaa (come) Va-ra Naan un-kooda va-ra poren
Thaa (give) Tha-ra Geeta Seethakku parisu tha-ra poraal

Verbs ending with ‘u’

will usually have – a

Example

Kattu (tie) Katt-a Naan en shoe-lace katta poren.
Vettu (cut) Vett-a Amma pazham vetta poraanga.
Thattu (tap/ strike) Thatt-a Thambi kai thatta poraan.
Paadu (sing) Paad-a Paapa paada poraal
Aadu (dance) Aad-a
Kazhuvu (wash) Kazhuv-a En thatta kazhuva poren.
Ottu (paste) Ott-a Maama vandi ota poraar.
Otu (drive) Ot-a
Podu (drop) Pod-a
Perukku (sweep) Perukk-a
Moodu (close) Mood-a
Thallu (push/ nudge) Thall-a

Verbs ending with ‘u’

will usually have –kka

Example

Padu (lie down) Padu-kka Naan padukka poren.
Kudu (give) Kudu-kka Aval book kudukka poraa.
Yedu (take) Edu-kka
Kelu (Ask/ Listen) Ke-kka Appa news kekka poraar.

Verbs ending with ‘i’ or ‘ai’

will usually have –kka

Example

Kadi (bite) Kadi-kka Naai kadikka pogudhu.
Idi (pound) Idi-kka Aval arisi idikka poraa.
Madi (fold) Madi-kka
Udai (Break) Udai-kka Thambi atha udaikka poraan
Thodai (wipe) Thodai-kka
Udhai (kick) Udhai-kka
Vadhai (torture) Vadhai-kka
There are some irregular verb formations too, which would become easy after a period of regular usage.

 

Examples:

Let us see how to say this pattern in the verbs that we learnt today.

 

Rug oru police naai. (Rug is a police dog.)
Adhu romba kettikaara naai. (It is a smart dog.)
Adhu ippo thirudan pinnaale oduthu. (Now it is running after a thief.)
Adhu avana-e kadikka pogudhu. (It is going to bite him.)

 

Vijay en akka magan. (Vijay is my nephew/ sister’s son.)
Avan romba chuttiya pesuvaan. (He talks very smartly.)
Avan naraiya kelvigal keppaan. (He asks a lot of questions)
Ippo enna kelvi kekka poraan theriyale. (I don’t know what question he is going to ask now.)

 

Ravi kulathle vizhundhitaar. (Ravi fell into a pond.)
Avarukku neechal theriyaadhu. (Today is Rosie’s Birthday)
Avar ippo moozhga poraar. (He is going to drown now.)
Raju avar-a kaapaaththa poraan. ( Raju is going to save him.)

 

Amma enakku indha piggy bank venum. (Mom, I want this piggy bank.)
Naan panam semikka poren. (I am going to save money.)
Nee unmaiyaa panam semikka poreeya?. (Are you really going to save money?)
Aamaa! Naanum Booby-um idhule kaasu semikka porom. (Yes. Bobby and I are going to save money in this.)

 

Sofia oru nalla ponnu. (Sofia is a good girl.)
Ava ippo saapida poraa. (She is going to eat now.)
Avalukku kaaigal romba pidikkum. (She loves vegetables.)
Keeraiyum, thakkaaliyum avalukku romba piodikkum. (She likes greens and tomatoes.)

 

Try to answer the questions:

Nee enna seira? Rachel enna seiraa? Thaatha enna seiraar? Avar enna seiraaru?
Anna enna seiraanga? Vaaththu enna seidhu? Muttaikku enna aachu? Ruchi, enna aachu?
Yaanai enna seidhu? Naai enna seidhu? Ranikku enna aachu? Aunty enna seiraanga?

 

KAAIGAL – Vegetables

Onion
Vengaayam
Tomato
Thakkaali
Egg plant
Kaththarikaai
Lady’s finger
Vendai kaai
Chilli
Milagaai
Bitter gourd
Paakar kaai
Carrot
Carrot
Plantain
Vaazhai kaai
Flat beans
Avarai kaai
Bottle gourd
Sorakaai
Snake gourd
Pudalangaai
Turkey berry
Sundai kaai
Drumsticks
Murungai kaai
Cabbage
Kose
Green vegetables
Keerai
Potato
Urulai kizhangu
Peas
Pattaani
Mushroom
Kaalaan

 

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Katti-pidi:
_________________________________________________________

2. eNNunga:
_________________________________________________________

3. Semikiraan:
_________________________________________________________

4. Urulai kizhangu:
_________________________________________________________

5. kaapaaththu:
_________________________________________________________

6. thuppu:
_________________________________________________________

7. keezhpadiven:
_________________________________________________________

8. kandu-pidi:
_________________________________________________________

9. paakarkaai:
_________________________________________________________

10. thatti-kudu:
_________________________________________________________

 

Dialogue building:

Try doing the dialogue in the third person..