Lesson 20

  1. VERBS – 3
  2. Try to translate
  3. ‘Going to’ statements
  4. Vegetables
  5. Frame sentences
  6. Dialogue building

 

Lesson 20 Verbs – Part 3

In this lesson, we are going to learn some more verbs. Try to recall these when you come across such incidences in daily life.

 

Hug/ Embrace

Kiss

Pat

Fall

Katti-pidi Muththam kudu Thatti kudu Vizhu
Bite

Chew/ Munch

Swallow

Spit

Kadi Mellu Vizhungu Thuppu
Save a person/animal

Extinguish/ Put out

Calculate

Count

Kaapaathu Anai Kanakkidu ENNu/ ENNidu
Begin/Start

Finish/Complete
Plant

Pluck
Aarambi Mudi Nattu vai Pari
Lead

Follow
Forgive

Punish
Munn sel Pin sel /Pinpatru Manni Thandi
Protect

Destroy
Save

Spend
Kaathidu Azhi Semi Selavazhi
Forget

Remember
Love

Hate
Maranthidu Ninaivu kooru Anbai iru Veru
Order

Obey
Float

Drown/Sink
Kattalai yidu Keezhpadi Mithakku Moozhgu
Buy

Sell
Lose

Find
Vaangu Virthidu Tholai Kandu-pidi

There are many more verbs that is used in our life. There are some verbs that combine to denote one action.

 

Try to say the following in Tamil:


1. Raju, pluck the apple.

2. Dad, forgive me.

3. Grandpa forgets everything.

4. Veeta, chew your food.

5. John, buy the newspaper.

6. Tommy, obey.

7. Please sell the old car.

8. Mom saves money.

9. Danny, find the coin.

10. Grandma! Hug me.

11. Sumitha, count the fish.

12. Follow your dad.

 

Usage of – ra, -a, -kka in the “going to” statements:

Every verb changes according to the tense. In these tenses, the ‘“going to”____do an action statement is very commonly.

Example:

1. I am going to eat my breakfast

2. He is going throw the ball.

In Tamil , mostly all the verbs will end with the vowel sounds such as a, e, i, and u.

 

Verbs ending with ‘a’

will usually have – ra

Example

Vaa (come) Va-ra Naan un-kooda va-ra poren
Thaa (give) Tha-ra Geeta Seethakku parisu tha-ra poraal

Verbs ending with ‘u’

will usually have – a

Example

Kattu (tie) Katt-a Naan en shoe-lace katta poren.
Vettu (cut) Vett-a Amma pazham vetta poraanga.
Thattu (tap/ strike) Thatt-a Thambi kai thatta poraan.
Paadu (sing) Paad-a Paapa paada poraal
Aadu (dance) Aad-a
Kazhuvu (wash) Kazhuv-a En thatta kazhuva poren.
Ottu (paste) Ott-a Maama vandi ota poraar.
Otu (drive) Ot-a
Podu (drop) Pod-a
Perukku (sweep) Perukk-a
Moodu (close) Mood-a
Thallu (push/ nudge) Thall-a

Verbs ending with ‘u’

will usually have –kka

Example

Padu (lie down) Padu-kka Naan padukka poren.
Kudu (give) Kudu-kka Aval book kudukka poraa.
Yedu (take) Edu-kka
Kelu (Ask/ Listen) Ke-kka Appa news kekka poraar.

Verbs ending with ‘i’ or ‘ai’

will usually have –kka

Example

Kadi (bite) Kadi-kka Naai kadikka pogudhu.
Idi (pound) Idi-kka Aval arisi idikka poraa.
Madi (fold) Madi-kka
Udai (Break) Udai-kka Thambi atha udaikka poraan
Thodai (wipe) Thodai-kka
Udhai (kick) Udhai-kka
Vadhai (torture) Vadhai-kka
There are some irregular verb formations too, which would become easy after a period of regular usage.

 

Examples:

Let us see how to say this pattern in the verbs that we learnt today.

 

Rug oru police naai. (Rug is a police dog.)
Adhu romba kettikaara naai. (It is a smart dog.)
Adhu ippo thirudan pinnaale oduthu. (Now it is running after a thief.)
Adhu avana-e kadikka pogudhu. (It is going to bite him.)

 

Vijay en akka magan. (Vijay is my nephew/ sister’s son.)
Avan romba chuttiya pesuvaan. (He talks very smartly.)
Avan naraiya kelvigal keppaan. (He asks a lot of questions)
Ippo enna kelvi kekka poraan theriyale. (I don’t know what question he is going to ask now.)

 

Ravi kulathle vizhundhitaar. (Ravi fell into a pond.)
Avarukku neechal theriyaadhu. (Today is Rosie’s Birthday)
Avar ippo moozhga poraar. (He is going to drown now.)
Raju avar-a kaapaaththa poraan. ( Raju is going to save him.)

 

Amma enakku indha piggy bank venum. (Mom, I want this piggy bank.)
Naan panam semikka poren. (I am going to save money.)
Nee unmaiyaa panam semikka poreeya?. (Are you really going to save money?)
Aamaa! Naanum Booby-um idhule kaasu semikka porom. (Yes. Bobby and I are going to save money in this.)

 

Sofia oru nalla ponnu. (Sofia is a good girl.)
Ava ippo saapida poraa. (She is going to eat now.)
Avalukku kaaigal romba pidikkum. (She loves vegetables.)
Keeraiyum, thakkaaliyum avalukku romba piodikkum. (She likes greens and tomatoes.)

 

Try to answer the questions:

Nee enna seira? Rachel enna seiraa? Thaatha enna seiraar? Avar enna seiraaru?
Anna enna seiraanga? Vaaththu enna seidhu? Muttaikku enna aachu? Ruchi, enna aachu?
Yaanai enna seidhu? Naai enna seidhu? Ranikku enna aachu? Aunty enna seiraanga?

 

KAAIGAL – Vegetables

Onion
Vengaayam
Tomato
Thakkaali
Egg plant
Kaththarikaai
Lady’s finger
Vendai kaai
Chilli
Milagaai
Bitter gourd
Paakar kaai
Carrot
Carrot
Plantain
Vaazhai kaai
Flat beans
Avarai kaai
Bottle gourd
Sorakaai
Snake gourd
Pudalangaai
Turkey berry
Sundai kaai
Drumsticks
Murungai kaai
Cabbage
Kose
Green vegetables
Keerai
Potato
Urulai kizhangu
Peas
Pattaani
Mushroom
Kaalaan

 

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Katti-pidi:
_________________________________________________________

2. eNNunga:
_________________________________________________________

3. Semikiraan:
_________________________________________________________

4. Urulai kizhangu:
_________________________________________________________

5. kaapaaththu:
_________________________________________________________

6. thuppu:
_________________________________________________________

7. keezhpadiven:
_________________________________________________________

8. kandu-pidi:
_________________________________________________________

9. paakarkaai:
_________________________________________________________

10. thatti-kudu:
_________________________________________________________

 

Dialogue building:

Try doing the dialogue in the third person..