Lesson 7

  1. Who? They
  2. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  3. Vocabulary – Nam Ulagam
  4. Animals – Vilangugal
  5. Conversation – Picnic
  6. Exercises

Lesson 7

Who? They

This lesson is going to be about addressing a group of people. They, the plural form.

They – Ivanga/ Avanga For Them – Avangalukku /Ivangalukku

 

Ivanga

Ivanga yaar? (Who are they?)

Idhu enga kudumbam. இது எங்க குடும்பம் (This is our family.)

Ivanga en Appa, Amma. (They are my dad and mom.)

Ivanga en sirandha nanbargal. (They are my best friends.)

Ivangalukku enna pidikkum? (What do they like?)

Ivangalukku ennai romba pidikkum. (They like me very much.)

Avanga yaaru? (Who are they?)

Ivanga en pakaththu veetukaaranga. (They are my neighbours.)

Avanga oru nalla kudumbam. (They are a good family.)

Avangalukku isai romba pidikkum. (They love music very much.)

Ivanga / Avanga

In Tamil, IVANGA/ AVANGA also means the plural They, apart the feminine respect form.

We have to keep in mind that IVANGA and AVANGA both means the same, i.e., THEY. But you use both of them in the same sentences and mean two different set of people.

1. IVANGA is used for addressing people who are present in the situation, whereas AVANGA is used to talk about the people who aren’t there in the situation.

2. IVANGA is used to address the group of people who are near you, and AVANGA for the people who are standing away from you.

Family

 

Ivanga en thaththaa paati. (They/ These are my Grandpa and grandma) Avanga en nanbargal. (They/ These are my friends)
Ivanga India-la irukaanga. (They are in India.) Avanga tent-ulla irukaanga. (They are inside the tent.)
Ivangalukku poonai romba pidikkum (They like cats very much.) Avangalukku sutrulaa (picnic) poga pidikkum.(They like to go on picnics.)

Pudhu vaarthaigal :

Sirandha – best Isai – Music
Ennai – me Kudumbam – Family
Andai veetaar – neighbours Sutrulaa – Picnic

Nam ULAGAM ( Our World )

Vaanam Megham Sooriyan Nila
Natchathiram/gal Bhoomi Malai/gal Kadal/gal
Nadhi/gal Kulam/ngal Paalaivanam Mazhai
Kaatru Maram/gal Chedi/gal Vilangu/gal
Paravai/gal Meen/gal Poochi/gal Manidhan/rgal

VILANGUGAL ( Animals )

Domestic animals Veetu vilangugal
Cat Poonai
Dog Naai
Horse Gudhirai
Cow Pasu Maadu
Bull Yerudhu/ Kaalai maadu
Goat Aadu
Buffalo Yerumai
Donkey Kazhudhai
Pig Panri/ Panni
Wild animals Kaatu /Vana vilangugal
Elephant Yaanai
Tiger Puli
Lion Singham
Cheetah Siruthai
Bear Karadi
Monkey Ottagam
Camel Yerumai
Giraffe Ottagachivingee
Pig Panri/ Panni
Zebra Vari-gudhirai
Rabbit Muyal
Rhinoceros Gaandaamirugam
Deer Maan
Fox Nari
Wolf O-naai
Hyena Kazhudhai-puli
Yak Kaat-erumai
Kangaroo Gungaaru
Reptiles Oorum vilangugal
Snake Paambu
Cobra Naaga-paambu
Tortoise Aamai
lizard (Garden) O-naan
Wall lizard (house) Palli
Sea/Water animals Kadal vaazh/ Neer vaazh vilangugal
Fish Meen
Whale Thimeengalam
Starfish Nattchaththra meen
Jellyfish Jelli-meen
Octopus Octopus/ Silandhi-meen
Lobster/ Prawn Iraal
Crab Nandu
Crocodile Mudhalai
Turtle Kadal Aamai
Hippopotamus Neer-yaanai

Family

Translate the given passage

This is our heighbour, Mr. James. They are his family. They are a happy family. They are very good people.

Mr. James is an engineer. He works in the BM company. He loves gardening very much. His wife is a doctor. Her name is Nancy. She works in the Children hospital. She loves kids and she also loves to cook.

Susan and Dave are their kids. Susan is studying in fifth grade and Dave is in second grade. They love to play in the park.

Mr. David and his wife are their grandpa and grandma. They love Susan and Dave. They live in London. They are now in James’ house.

James family love music. They sing well. They love gardening too. There is a beautiful garden in their backyard.

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Avanga:
_________________________________________________________

2. Avanga, Ivanga:
_________________________________________________________

3. Sutrulaa:
_________________________________________________________

4. Paravai:
_________________________________________________________

5. Sirandha:
_________________________________________________________

6. Bhoomi:
________________________________________________________

7. Andai veetaar:
________________________________________________________

8. Kaadu:
________________________________________________________

9. Naai:
________________________________________________________

Padam Paarthu Badhil Sollu

Ivanga yaar? Ivanga enna seiraanga?
Indha Yaanai patri sollu.. Ivanga enge poraanga?
Indha thattu-la enna irukku? Shahul pathi sollunga