Lesson 23

  1. Whom? – You and You
  2. Translate the following sentences
  3. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  4. Exercises
  5. Flowers
  6. Describe the picture

 

Lesson 23 You & You (Subject Pronoun & the Object Pronoun)

Today we are going to see about the difference between the Subject Pronoun and the Object Pronoun , in the second person sentences.

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
Nee (You) Unnai (You), and in some cases …unakku, un idam/kitta, un kooda.
Neenga (You- with respect) Ungalai (You), and in some cases…ungalukku, unga idam/kitta, unga kooda.

 

Using ‘You’ and ‘You’:

In Tamil ‘NEE’ is the ‘You’ in the informal way and it is ‘NEENGA’ for the ‘You’ in the formal way, or the respect form.

The object pronoun of the Nee is ‘Unnai’, but this changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

The object pronoun of the Neenga is ‘Ungalai’, and this also changes according to the prepositions that come along in the sentences.

First let us see the sentences with the Nee – Unnai as the Subject – Object pronoun form sentences.

 

Using ‘Unnai’ for You the object pronoun:

Hey Kevin, nee enna seire?. Hey Kevin, what are you doing?
Naan unnai enna seiya sonnen. What did I ask you to do?
Homework seiya sonneenga. You asked me to do my homework.
Naan unnai padikka sonna piragu nee inge enna seire? What are you doing here, after I asked you to study?

 

Hey Rosy, naan unnai enna seiya sonnen. Hey Rosy, what did I tell you to do?
Kanakku poda sonneenga. You told me to do my sums/maths.
Naan sonnadhai senjeeya? Did you do what I told you to?
Aamaa appa. Naan senjitten. Yes Dad. I have done it.
Sari. Appo naan, unnai inaikku poongaavukku kootitu poven. Okay. Then I will take you to the park today.

 

Using ‘Unakku’ for You the object pronoun:

‘Unnai’ is the object pronoun, ‘You’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Unakku’ is used as the object pronoun. Here are some examples..

 

Manoj, inge vaa. Manoj, come here.
Idho, idhu naan unakku vaangina parisu. Here! This sia gift that I bought for you.
Nee un paritchaiyile mudhal madhippen edhuthu irukke. You have taken/ scored first mark in your exam.
Indha parisu unakku thaan.. This gift is for you, indeed.

 

Amma, enakku soup seiyya solli thaanga. Mom, teach me to make soup.
Kattayam. Inge , en kitta vaa. Naan unakku solli tharen. Sure. Come, here to me. I will teach you.
Naan unakku soup seiyum murai-a soldren, kelu. Listen. I am telling you the way to make soup.
Naalaikku toast eppadi seiyiradhu-nu unakku sollitharen. Tomorrow I will teach you how to make a toast.

 

Using ‘Un idam/ Un kitta’ for You:

‘Unnai’ is the object pronoun, ‘You’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences is framed in another way, where the ‘Un-idam/ Un kitta’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Rupali, un kitta evalavu porul irukku paar. Rupali, look. How many things do you have?
Un-kitta sila vendaatha porulum irukku. There are also some unwanted things with you.
Unakku vendaathe porul ellam eduthu podu. Dispose all the things that are not needed for you.
Un kitta irukkum petti-le idha veikkiren.. I am putting in the box that you have.

 

Hey Maya, un-kitta enna irukku? Hey Maya, what do you have?
En kitta sandwich irukku. I have sandwiches.
Un kitta enna pazham irukku? What fruit do you have?
Un-kitta kulir baanam irukka?. Do you have cool drinks?

 

Using ‘Un kooda/ Unodu ’ for Me:

‘Ennai’ is the object pronoun, ‘ME’, but in the following sentences where we try to say ‘along with me or with me, the ‘En kooda’ or ‘Enodu’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Akka, naan un kooda un kalloorikku varalaamaa? Sister, shall I come with you to your college?
Un kooda veliya poradhu enakku sandhoshamaa irukku. I like going out with you.
Naan un kooda club-kku varalaamaa? Shall I come to the club with you?
Un kooda ange poga enakku aasaiyaa irukku. I like to go there with you.

 

Anna, nee enna seire? Brother, what are you doing?
Nee video games vilayaadureeyaa? Are you playing video games?
Naan un kooda serndhu vilayaadavaa? Shall I play with you?
Naan un kooda vilayaada enakku unoda laptop tharuveeya? Will you give me your laptop to play with you?

 

Now let us see the sentences with the Neenga – Ungalai as the Subject – Object pronouns form sentences.

 

Using ‘Ungalai’ for You the object pronoun:

Geetha, neththu ungalai naan oru idath-le paarthen. Geetha, I saw you yesterday, at a place.
Ennai-ya? Enge?. Me? Where?
Ungalai ASL mall-la paarthen. I saw you in the ASL mall.
Ungalaiyum, unga kanavar Rajeshayum paarthen. I saw you and your husband.

 

Amma, en teacher ungalai azhaichirukaanga. Mom, my teacher has invited you..
Appadiya! Enna vishayam? Is it so? What is the matter?
Enga kalloori nigazhchi-a vandhu paarkka thaan. It is to watch the college programme.
Ungalaiyum, appavaiyum nigazhchikku vara sonnaar.. He asked you and dad to come.
Sari. Naan un appa vandhadhum soldren. Okay. I will let dad know this when he arrives.

 

Using ‘Ungalukku’ for You the object pronoun:

‘Ungalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘You’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Ungalukku’ is used as the object pronoun. Here are some examples..

 

Vijay, ungalukku enna pratchanai? Vijay, what is your problem?
Ungalukku enna pratchanai? Naan therinjikkalaamaa? What’s your problem? Shall I know?
Ungalukku enna pratchanai irundhaalum en kitta sollunga. Please tell me, whatever your problem is.
Naan ungalukku udhavi seiya mudiyuma? Will I be able to help you?

 
 

Paati, oru nimisham irunga. Wait a minute/ Hold on a minute, Grandma.
Ungalukku indha saalai-ya kadakkanumaa? Do you have to cross this road?
Naan ungalukku udhavi seiren. I will help you..
Ungalai pola periyavangalukku udhaivi seiya enakku pidikkum. I love to help elderly people like you.

 

Using ‘Ungalidam/ Unga kitta’ for You:

‘Ungalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘You’, but in some cases like the following, the sentences are framed in another way, where the ‘Ungalidam/ Unga kitta’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Paati, unga kitta pazhangal irukka? Grandma, do you have fruits with you?
Aamaa. Unakku enna pazham venum? Yes. Which fruit do you want?
Unga kitta enna enna pazhangal irukku. What are all fruits do you have?
En-idam/kitta moonu vaazhaippazham, oru orange-um, oru apple pazhamum irukku. I have three bananas, an orange and an apple with me.
Unga kitta irukkira vaazhaippazhath-le onnu kudunga. Give me one of the bananas that you have.

 
 

Vanakkam, Mrs. Smith, ungalukku enna venum? Hello Mrs. Smith. What do you want?
Vanakkam, John. Unga-kitta indha marundhu irukka.. Hello John. Do you have this medicine with you?
Vera engeyum kidaikkale. Unga-kitta irukkum-nu namburen. I couldn’t get anywhere else. I hope it would be with you.
Konjam idhu un-kitta irukaanu paarunga. Please see if you have/got it.

 

Using ‘Unga kooda/ Ungalodu ’ for Me:

‘Ungalai’ is the object pronoun, ‘You’, but in the following sentences where we try to say ‘along with you or with you, the ‘Unga kooda’ or ‘Ungalodu’ is used as the object pronoun.

 

Amma, naan unga kooda Bangalore-kku varen. Mom, I’m coming with you to Bangalore.
Unga kooda veliye poi romba naal aachu. It’s been a long time, since I went out with you.
Please, naanum unga kooda varen. I too will come with you, please.
Illa Priya. Paaru. Unakku udambu sariyilla. Adhutha murai unnai kootitu poren. No Priya. See. You are not well. Next time I will take you.

 
 

Mr Dhiraj: Unga kooda indha thozhil-e /business seiradhule, enakku romba sandhosham. I am really happy about doing this business with you.

Mr. Ajay: Enakkum thaan. Me too.

Mr Dhiraj: Unga kooda innum niraya varusham indhe business seiyanum. I like to do business with you for many more years.

Mr. Ajay: Kattaayaama seiyalaam. Unga kooda naan kattaayam velai seiven. Definitely, we shall. I will surely work with you.


 

Translate the following sentences:


1. Dad, please take me with you.
 
2. This gift is for you.
 
3. My grandmother is buying fruits for you.
 
4. The boy is calling you.
 
5. I will help you.
 
6. My mom will give you some fruits.
 
7. Dad bought a ball for you.
 
8. I will give you the keys.
 
9. They are going to work with you.
 
10. Your grandma is going to take you to the shop.
 
11. Look at you. You are dirty.
 
12. Shall I dance with you?
 
13. Don’t take that book with you.
 
14. I will sing a song for you.

 

Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Poongaa – Park
Paritchai – Exam
Mudhal madhippen – First mark
Solli thaa – Teach
Murai – Way, method
Vendaathe – Unwanted, unnecessary
Kulir baanam – Soft drinks, cold drinks
Serndhu vilayaadu – Play together
Azhaichi irukaanga – They have called
Vishayam – Matter
Kalloori – College
Nigazhchi – Programme
Therinjikalaam – Shall know
Nimisham – Minute
Saalai – Road
Kadakkanum – Have to cross
Periyavanga – Elders
Marundhu – Medicine
Kidaikale – Not available
Engeyum – Anywhere
Nambu+ – Hope, believe, trust
Paarunga – Look, watch…
Veliye po+ – Go out
Naal aachu – Been a long time
Adhutha murai – Next time
Udambu sariyille – Not well
Thozhil – Business
Innum niraya – Much/many more
Varusham – years

 

Exercise

Try to frame sentences in Tamil:

1. Poongaa :
_________________________________________________________

2. Namburen:
_________________________________________________________

3. Marundhu :
_________________________________________________________

4. Periyavar :
_________________________________________________________

5. Kulir baanam :
_________________________________________________________

6. Vendaathe:
_________________________________________________________

7. Vishayam:
_________________________________________________________

8. Saalai:
_________________________________________________________

9. Engeyum :
_________________________________________________________

10. Paarunga :
_________________________________________________________

11. Nimisham :
_________________________________________________________

12. Serndhu :
_________________________________________________________

13. Nigazchi :
_________________________________________________________

14. Aduththa murai:
_________________________________________________________

15. Thozhil :
_________________________________________________________

16. Naal aachu :
_________________________________________________________

17. Varusham :
_________________________________________________________

 
 

Flowers

Now let us see how we call some flowers in Tamil..
Sooriya gaandhi Malligai Roja
Sembaruthi poo Puvarasampoo Saamandhi poo
Vellai Saamandhi Kurinji poo Kozhi kondai poo
Kanakaambaram Lily poo Thaamarai

 

Padam paarthu badhil sollu:

Ana enna kekuraa? Mr. Raaj enna soldraar?
Pawan enna soldraan? Yaar kooda Meena poraa?
Kutty paiyan enna sodraan? Ivanga enna seiraanga?

 

Building a conversation:

 

Neenga oru company-la velai seireenga. Ivar unga nanbar Mr. Dave. Avar kooda pesunga…