Lesson 54

  1. When? – Tenses (Perfect form)
  2. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  3. Exercises


Lesson 54 When? – Tense – Present Perfect form

Today, we will see the Continuous form of the Tenses. But even before we start learning about Continuous form of the tenses, let us refresh by translating these Simple form sentences.
We have seen the perfect form. Now we saw that there are two ways of using the present perfect form.

Naan padichi irukken
Naan padichitten

Let’s see when we have to use the right words to mean the perfect form. There are many different situations where the present perfect tense can be used. It can be used in the following ways:

• To describe an action that was completed in the recent past.
Example: I have just finished my internship at the museum.
• To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present.
Example: We have gone to the beach many times.
• To describe an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the future.
Example: I have lived in the United States since 1990.
• To describe an action that has not yet been finished.
Example: It has rained a lot this month.
• To describe an action when time was not an important aspect.
Example: She has lost her wedding ring.

Let’s see how this happens in Tamil.


Perfect form of the tenses

We are going to see the perfect form in all the three tenses. Try framing more by yourself.


Past Perfect

Present Perfect

Future Perfect

Naan – I (Sing.)First person
Nee enna senju-irrundhe? Nee enna senju-irukke/ senjitte ? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Naan paadam padich-irundhen Naan paadam padichi irukken/ padichitten Naan paadam padichu-iruppen
Naan dress pott-irundhen Naan dress pottu-irukken/ pottitten Naan dress pottu-iruppen
Naan saapitt- irundhen Naan saapitu-irukken/ saaptitten Naan saapittu-iruppen
Naanga – We (Plu.) First person
Neenga enna senju-irrundheenga ? Neenga enna senju-irukeenga?/ senjitteenga? Neenga enna senj-irrupeenga?
Naanga paadam padichu-irundhom Naanga paadam padichi irukkom/ padichitom Naanga paadam padich-iruppom
Naanga dress pottu-irundhom Naanga dress pottu irukkom/ pottitom Naanga dress pott- iruppom
Naanga saapittu-irundhom Naanga saapittu irukkom/ saaptittom Naanga saapitt-iruppom
Nee– You ( Sing.) Second person
Nee enna senju-irundhe? Nee enna senju-irukku?/ senjitte? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Nee paadam padich-irundhe Nee paadam padichi irukke/ padichitte Nee paadam padich iruppe
Nee dress pott-irundhe Nee dress pottu-irukke/ pottite Nee dress pott iruppe
Nee saapitt-irundhe Nee saapttu-irukke/ saaptitte Nee saapitt- iruppe
Neenga – You (Plu.) Second person
Nee enna senju-irundhe? Nee enna senju-irukku?/ senjitte? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Neenga paadam padich irundhe/ irundheenga Neenga paadam padichi irukkeenga/ padichiteenga Neenga paadam padich-irupeenga
Neenga dress pott irundhe/ irundheenga Neenga dress pottu-irukkeenga/ pottiteenga Neenga dress pottirupeenga
Neenga saapitt- irundhe/ irundheenga Neenga saaptu-irukeenga / saaptitteenga Neenga saapitt-irupeenga
Avan – He (informal) Third person
Avan enna senju-irundhaan? Avan enna senju-irukaan/ senjittaan? Avan enna senju-iruppaan?
Avan padich-irundhaan Avan padichi-irukaan/ padichittaan Avan/Avar padichu-iruppaan
Avan dress pott-irundhaan Avan dress pott-irukkaan/ pottittaan Avan/Avar dress pott-iruppaan
Avan saapitt- irundhaan Avan saapitt- irukkaan/ saaptittaan Avan/Avar saapitt- iruppaan
Avar – He (formal)Third person
Avar enna senju-irundhaar? Avar enna senju-irrukaar/ senjittar? Avar enna senju- irundhaar?
Avar padich-irundhaar Avar padich- irukaar Avar padichu-iruppaar
Avar dress pott-irundhaar Avar dress pott-irukaar Avar dress pott-iruppaar
Avar saapitt- irundhaar Avar saapitt- irukkaar/ saaptittaar Avar saapitt- iruppaan
Aval/Avanga – She (Sing.) informal Third person
Ava enna senj-irrundhaa? Ava enna senju-irukkaa? / senjittaa? Ava enna senj-irrupaa?
Ava padich-irundhaa Ava paadam padichi-irukkaa/ padichittaa Ava padich-iruppaa
Ava dress pott-irundhaa Ava dress dress pottu-irukkaa/ potittaa Ava dress pott-iruppaa
Ava saapitt- irundhaa Ava saapittu-irukkaa/ saaptittaa Ava saapitt- iruppaa
Avanga – She (Sing.) formal Third person
Avanga enna senj-irundhaanga? Avanga enna senju-irukkaanga/ senjitaanga? Avanga enna senj-irupaanga?
Avanga padich-irundhaanga Avanga paadam padichi-irukaanga/ padichitaanga Avanga padich-iruppaanga
Avanga dress pott-irundhaanga Avanga dress dress pottu-irukaanga/ pottitaanga Avanga dress pott-iruppaanga
Avanga saapitt- irundhaanga Avanga saapittu-irukaanga/ saaptitaanga Avanga saapitt- iruppaanga
Avanga – They (Plu.) Third person
This form is as the She sing. Formal form
Adhu/Idhu – IT Third person
Adhu/Idhu enna senj irundhadhu? Adhu/Idhu enna senju-irukku/ senjitidhu? Adhu/Idhu enna sen-jirukkum?
Adhu/Idhu padam paarth-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu padam paarthudhu Adhu/Idhu padam path-irukkum
Adhu/Idhu dress pott-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu dress potudhu Adhu/Idhu dress pot-irukkum
Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapit-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapitudhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapit-irukkum


Examples of the Perfect form:


To describe the completion of an action in the near past.

Ravi, nee saapitaachaa? Ravi, have you finished eating?
Aamaa. Naan saaptitten. Inge paarunga! Yes. Look here. I have finished eating.
Ella kaaigalaiyum saaptiteeya? Have you eaten all the veggies?
Aamaa. Ellathayum saaptitten. Ozhunga saaptitten. Yes. I have eaten everything. I have eaten them properly.
Naan ippo vilayaada polaama? Shall I now go and play?


Ajith, Anu, Aravind varanjiteengala? Ajith, Anu, Aravind, have you drawn?
Teacher, naanga ellarum varanjittom. Teacher, we have finished drawing.
Anu oru poonai kutty varanji irukkaa. Naan oru meen varanchi irukken. Anu has drawn a pussy cat and I have drawn a fish.
Teacher, naan oru veedu varanji irukken. Teacher, I have drawn a house.


To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present.

Kumar, neenga inge vandhu-irukeengala? Kumar, have you come here?
Aamaa. Naanga inge adikadi vandh-irukkom. Yes. We have come here, often.
Naan indhe vaarame rendu murai vandh-irukken. We have come here twice this week, already.
Indha murai en amma kooda vandh-irukaanga. Even my mom has come this time.
Indha beach-la naanga niraya neram kazhichu-irukkom. We have spent a lot of time on this beach.
Neenga, idhukku munnadi inge vandhu-irukeengala?. Have you come here before?


En amma romba nalla samippanga. My mom cooks really well.
En amma inaikku strawberry-pie senjirukkaanga.. My mom has made strawberry pies today.
Oru murai muzhu vaan kozhi-a samachi-irukkaanga. I Once, she has roasted a whole turkey.
Unga amma idhu varai cakes senjirukaangala? Has you mom made cakes, until now?
Illa. Enga amma idhu varai cake senjadhu illa. No. My mom hasn’t made cakes, yet.
Nee, cakes senjirukkeeya? Have you made cakes?


To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present.

Sumitha kaalaiyile irundhu niraya velai senju-irukaa. Sumitha has done a lot of work from the morning.
Chedigalukku thanni oothi-irukkaa. She has watered the plants.
Adhukku apramaa veetai suththam senju-irukkaa. And after that she has cleaned the house.
Thunigal-a thuvaichi-irukkaa. She has washed the clothes.
Adhukku apramaa veetu-pinpurathai perukki irukkaa. Later, she has swept the backyard.
Veetule irukkira kannaadi porul ellaathayum kooda suththamaa thudaichi-irukaa. She has also wiped clean all the glass things in the house.
Innum niraya velai seiya vendi-irukku. Thodarndhu senjittu irukkaa. She has much more to do. She is continuing her work.


Rahul, nee kaalai-la irundhu idhu varakkum enna senju-irukke? Rahul, what have you done from the morning until now?.
Kaalai-la romba neram thoongi irukke. You have slept for a very long time in the morning.
Apramaa moonu mani neram tholai-kaachi paarthu-irukke. After that, you have watched the TV for three hours.
Ippo rendu mani-neram, veliye theruvule vilayaadi-irukke. And now, you have played outside for two hours.
Oru naal muzhusaa veenaa kazhichi-irukke! You have wasted the whole day.


To describe an action that has been completed/ has happened in the recent past.

Doctor, naan indha promotion-kkaaga romba kadinamaa velai senju-irukken. Doctor, I have worked very hard, for this promotion.
Aana, Prem, ungalukku ippo sameebathle thaan vibaththu nadandhu-irukku. But Prem, you have had an accident very recently.
Neenga ippo oivu edukkanum. You have to take rest.
Aanaa, naan podhumaana oivu-eduthu-irukken. But, I have taken enough rest, Doctor.


Ajith, nee enna senju-irukke paar! Ajith, see what you have done?
Kavanam illam vilayaadi-irukke. You have played without being careful.
Adhanaale nee vazhukki keezhe vizhundhu-irukke. And so, you have slipped and fallen down.
Amma, unakku eththanai murai solli-irukken? How many times have I told you?
Ippo, unakku eppadi kayam pattirukku paar! See, how badly you have wounded yourself.


Rathi enga magal. Rathi is our daughter.
Ava ippo thaan thannoda kalloori padippa mudichirukkaa. She has finished her college studies, just now.
Niraya niruvanangal-a velaikkaaga vinappichi-irukkaa/ apply panni irukaa. She has applied for interviews in many companies.
Niraya niruvanangal-a nermuga kaanal-kku poyitu vandhirukkaa. She has also attended many interviews.
Neththu kooda ava oru interview-kku poyitu vandhaa. Even yesterday, she had gone for an interview.
Ippo avanga badhil-kaaga kaathittu-irukkaa. Now, she is waiting for their reply.


To describe an action when time is not an important aspect.

Hey pasangalaa, indha nigazhchi-a eththanai murai paarthirukeenga? Hey kids, how many times have you watched this show?
Naan china vayasula idha paathirukken. I have seen it, when I was a kid.
Unga appa-kooda indha nigazhchi-a paarthirukaar. Even your dad has seen this show?
Idha thirumba thirumba paarthittu irukeengale! You have been watching it over and over!
Ungalukku idhu avvalavu pidichu-irukkaa? Do you like it, that much?


Ivan oru bayangaramaana thirudan. He is a dangerous thief.
Ore naal-la rendu thiruttai senju-irukkaan. He has done two thefts in a day.
Kaalai-le oru train-la thoongittu irundha oru paiyan kitta irundhu thirudi-irukkaan. In the morning, He has stolen something from a boy sleeping on the train.
Saayankaalam, oru ponnoda paiyile irundhu panam thirudi-irukkaan. In the evening, he has stolen money from a girl’s bag.


Try to say the following in Tamil. Also try to change it to tenses that we learnt today.

1. Raju has danced on the stage.

2. Dad has gone to the market.

3. Grandpa has eaten all the fruits from the refrigerator.

4. Veeta has chewed gum in Ms. Kavitha’s class.

5. John has bought today’s newsapaper at that shop.

6. Tommy has obeyed his master always.

7. Pascal has run to school all the way yesterday.

8. Mom has saved money all these years.

9. Danny has jumped on the broken cot and broken its leg.

10. Grandma has read the story for us many times.

11. Sumitha has counted all the money from her purse.

12. Rasi has worn the old dress to the party.


Try to frame sentences with the given verbs in the present perfect tense:

1. Po:

2. Vaa:

3. Thoongu:

4. Vettu:

5. Ezhudhu:

6. Pesu:

7. Saapidu:

8. Kudi:

9. Thallu:

10. Vilayaadu:

11. Vaangu:

12. Padi :

13. Otu :


Describe the picture, using the prepositions and tenses: