Lesson 59

  1. When? –Perfect Continuous
  2. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  3. Exercises

 

Lesson 59 When? – Tense – Perfect Continuous form

Today, we will see the Continuous form of the Tenses. But even before we start learning about Continuous form of the tenses, let us refresh by translating these Simple form sentences.

• Raju ate an apple everyday.

• Dad had gone to the market today morning.

• Grandpa has forgotten me.

• Vita has brought these flowers.

• John would have bought newspaper.

• Tommy has always obeyed his master.

• Mom saves money in the bank.

• Danny lost the coin yesterday.

• Rasi wears new dress every week.

• Grandma has read us a new story today.

• Sumitha is counting the money in her purse.

 

Perfect Continuous form of the tenses

We are going to see the simple form in all the three tenses. Try framing more by yourself.

 

Past Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Continuous

Future Perfect Continuous

Naan – I (Sing.)First person
Nee enna senjittu irundhu-irrundhe? Nee enna senjittu irundhu-irruke? Nee enna senjittu irundhu-irrupe?
Naan nethu paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhen. Naan inge paadam padichittu irundhu-irukken Naan paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupen
Naan appo dress pottittu irundhu-irrundhen. Naan ippo pudhu dress pottittu irundhu-irruken. Naalaikku Naan pirandha naal dress pottittu irundhu-irrupen.
Naan andha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrundhen. Naan ippo vaazhai pazham saaptittu irundhu-irruken. Naan andha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrupen.
Naanga – We (Plu.) First person
Neenga enna senjittu irundhu-irrundheenga? Neenga enna senjittu irundhu-irrukeenga? Neenga enna senjittu irundhu-irrupeenga?
Naanga nethu paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhom. Naanga innaikku paadam padichittu irundhu-irrukrom. Naanga paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupom.
Naanga appo dress pottittu irundhu-irrundhom. Naanga ippo room-la dress pottittu irundhu-irrukrom. Naanga naalaikku fancy dress pottittu irundhu-irrupom.
Naanga andha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrundhom. Naanga inge nalla saaptittu irundhu- irrukrom. Naanga naalaikku indha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrupom.
Nee– You ( Sing.) Second person
Nee/Neenga nethu paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/Neenga innaikku nallaa paadam padichittu irundhu-irruke/eenga Nee/Neenga nallaa paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga
Nee/Neenga appo dress potittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/Neenga ippo room-la dress potittu irundhu-irruke/eenga. Nee/Neenga naalaikku fancy dress potittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga.
Nee/ Neenga andha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/ Neenga ippo ozhungaa saaptittu irundhu-irruke/eenga Nee/ Neenga naalaikku idhe neram saaptittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga
Neenga – You (Plu.) Second person
Nee/Neenga nethu paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/Neenga innaikku nallaa paadam padichittu irundhu-irruke/eenga Nee/Neenga nallaa paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga
Nee/Neenga appo dress potittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/Neenga ippo room-la dress potittu irundhu-irruke/eenga. Nee/Neenga naalaikku fancy dress potittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga.
Nee/ Neenga andha neram saaptittu irundhu-irrundhe/eenga Nee/ Neenga ippo ozhungaa saaptittu irundhu-irruke/eenga Nee/ Neenga naalaikku idhe neram saaptittu irundhu-irrupe/eenga
Avan – He (Third person ) Informal
Avan enna senjittu irundhu-irrundhaan? Avan enna senjittu irundhu-irrukaan? Avan enna senjittu irundhu-irrupaan?
Avan paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhaan Avan paadam padichittu irundhu-irrukaan Avan paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupaan
Avan dress potittu irundhu-irrundhaan Avan dress potittu irundhu-irrukaan Avan dress potittu irundhu-irrupaan
Avan saapitittu irundhu-irrundhaan Avan saapitittu irundhu- irrukaan Avan saapitittu irundhu-irrupaan
Avar – He (Third person ) – Formal
Avar enna senjittu irundhu-irrundhaar? Avar enna senjittu irundhu- irrukaar? Avar enna senjittu irundhu-irrupaar?
Avar paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhaar Avar paadam padichittu irundhu-irrukaar Avar paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupaar
Avar dress potittu irundhu-irrundhaar Avar dress potittu irundhu-irrukaar Avar dress potittu irundhu-irrupaar
Avar saapitittu irundhu- irrundhaar Avar saapitittu irundhu- irrukaar Avar saapitittu irundhu-irrupaar
Aval – She – Informal – Third person
Aval enna senjittu irundhu- irrundhaa? Aval enna senjittu irundhu-irrukaa/irrukaanga? Aval enna senjittu irundhu-irrupaa?
Aval paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhaa Aval paadam padichittu irundhu-irrukaa Aval paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupaa
Aval dress potittu irundhu-irrundhaa Aval dress potittu irundhu-irrukaa Aval dress potittu irundhu-irrupaa
Aval saapitittu irundhu-irrundhaa Aval saapitittu irundhu-irrukaa/kaanga Aval saapitittu irundhu-irrupaa
Avanga – She Third person – Formal
Avanga enna senjittu irundhu- irrundhaanga? Avanga enna senjittu irundhu- irrukaanga? Avanga enna senjittu irundhu- irrupaanga?
Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu- irundhaanga Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu- irukaanga Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu- irupaanga
Avanga dress potittu irundhu- irundhaanga Avanga dress potittu irundhu- irukaanga Avanga dress potittu irundhu- irupaanga
Avanga saapitittu irundhu- irundhaanga Avanga saapitittu irundhu- irukaanga Avanga saapitittu irundhu- irupaanga
Avanga – They (Plu.) Third person
Avanga enna senjittu irundhu-irrundhaanga? Avanga enna senjittu irundhu-irrukaanga? Avanga enna senjittu irundhu-irrupaanga?
Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu-irrundhaanga Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu-irrukaanga Avanga paadam padichittu irundhu-irrupaanga
Avanga dress potittu irundhu-irundhaanga Avanga dress potittu irundhu-irrukaanga Avanga dress potittu irundhu-irrupaanga
Avanga saapitittu irundhu-irundhaanga Avanga saapitittu irundhu-irrukaanga Avanga saapitittu irundhu-irrupaanga
Adhu/Idhu – IT Third person
Adhu/Idhu enna senjittu irundhu-irrundhadhu/ irrundhichu? Adhu/Idhu enna senjittu irundhu-irruku? Adhu/Idhu enna senjittu irundhu-irrukum?
Adhu/Idhu veliya paarthittu irundhu-irrundhadhu Adhu/Idhu veliya paarthittu irundhu-irruku Adhu/Idhu veliya paarthittu irundhu-irrukum
Adhu/Idhu dress potittu irundhu-irrundhadhu Adhu/Idhu dress potittu irundhu-irrukudhu Adhu/Idhu dress potittu irundhu-irrukum
Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapitittu irundhu-irrundhadhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapitittu irundhu-irrukudhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapitittu irundhu-irrukum

 

Examples of the Perfect Continuous form:

 


Gopi : Thambi, indha vandi-a unga thaathaa evalavu naala payan paduthittu irundh-irundhaar. How long had been your grandpa using this vehicle.
Vineeth : Avar 10 varushamaa payanpaduthittu irundh-irundhaar. He had been using it for about 10 years.
Avarukku apramaa, en appa moonu varushamaa indha vandi-a vechittu irundh-irukaanga. And after that, my dad has been using it for three years.
Naan idha rendu varushamaa payan paduthittu irundhen. I have been using it for two years.

 

Anjali, nee US-la irundha podhu, endha church-kku pone? Which church did you go to, when you had been in US.
Naan GLG church-kku poyittu irundh-irundhen. I had been going to GLG church.
Ange naan 4 varushamaa Sunday school-kku poyittu irundh-irundhen. There, I had been going to the Sunday school for four years.
Naanum 2 vaysule irundhu, Sunday school-kku poyittu irundh-irukken.. Even I too have been going to Sunday school for 2 years.


 


Mr. Rajeev, thoongaadheenga! Mr. Rajeev, don’t sleep.
Naan neththu raathiri muzhusaa project velai paarthittu irundhen.. I was doing the project work, the whole night.
Poi solladheenga! Neenga neththu raathiri padam paarthittu irundh-iruppeenga. Don’t lie. You would have been watching the late night movie.
Hmm. Adhu ungalukku eppadi theriyum. How do you know that?
Naanum ippadi thaan. Late night movie paarthaa, office-la thoonguven. I am just like you. I sleep in the office when I watch late night movies.

 

Ajith-oda thaatha paati 10 varaushamaa, India-la vaazhndhittu irundh-irukaanga. Ajith’s grandparents have been living in India, for 10 years.
Adhukku munnaadi, 15 varushamaa, New York-la vaazhndhittu irundh-irudhaanga. Before that, they have been in NY for 15 years.
Avanga India-la, Ajith kooda romba sandhoshamaa vaazhndhittu irundh-irupaanga. They would have been living with Ajith, very happily.
Avangalukku, Ajith-a vittu thirumba New York-kku poga virupame illai. They are not happy about leaving behind Ajith and going back to NY.


 


Arasan Shah Jahan, thannoda manaivi Mumtaaz-oda ninaiva Taj Mahal kattinaar.. Emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaaz.
Idha 18 varushamaa kattittu irundh-irudhaangalam. They had been building it for 18 years.
Idha India arasaangam, pala varushamaa paadhukaathittu irundh-irukaanga. The Indian government has been taking good care of this for years.

 


Cinderella oru azhagaana ilavarasi. Cinderella is a beautiful princess.
Adhukku munnaadi, Avaloda chiththi avalai romba naalaa, veetu velai seiya vechittu irundh-irukaanga. Before that, her step mom has been making her do all the household work.
Oru naal, avaloda chitthi-um, avaloda magalgalum oru arasanoda virundhukku poi-irundh-irukaanga. One day, her stepmom and her daughters had been going for a party.
Aval than veetu thottathle azhudhittu irundh-irundhaa.. She had been crying in her garden.
Adhukku apramaa enna nadandhichu.. unakku theriyuma? Do you know what happened after that?


 

Try to say the following in Tamil. Also try to change it to tenses that we learnt today.

1. Raju has been singing since 3 years of age.

2. Dad has always been shopping all these days.

3. Grandpa would have been eating too uch of sweets.

4. Veeta is chewing gum in class.

5. John has been buying newspapers for these months.

6. Tommy had been obeying his master always.

7. Pascal has been coming to school late.

8. Mom will be saving money in the bank.

9. Danny had been sleeping all day.

10. Grandma would have been reading stories for him.

11. Sumitha has been believing him all these years.

12. Rasi would have been wearing a new dress.

 

Try to frame sentences with the given verbs in the perfect tense:

1. Po:
__________________________________________

2. Vaa:
_________________________________________

3. Thoongu:
_____________________________________

4. Vettu:
________________________________________

5. Madi:
________________________________________

6. Pesu:
_________________________________________

7. Saapidu:
______________________________________

8. Otu:
__________________________________________

9. Thallu:
________________________________________

10. Vilayaadu:
____________________________________

11. Vaangu:
______________________________________

12. Padi :
________________________________________

13. Ezhudhu :
_____________________________________

 

Try to say about the pictures in the tenses we learnt today.

 

Describe the picture, using the prepositions and tenses: