Lesson 53

  1. When? – Tenses (Perfect form)
  2. Pudhu Vaarthaigal
  3. Exercises


Lesson 53 When? – Tense – Perfect form

Today, we will see the Continuous form of the Tenses. But even before we start learning about Continuous form of the tenses, let us refresh by translating these Simple form sentences.

• Raju eats an apple everyday.

• Dad is going to the market now.

• Grandpa forgets everything.

• Veeta was chewing gum.

• John will buy newspaper tomorrow.

• Tommy always obeys his master.

• Mom saved money in the bank.

• Danny lost the coin yesterday.

• Rasi wears new dress every week.

• Grandma will read us a new story today.

• Sumitha is counting the money in her purse.


Perfect form of the tenses

We are going to see the perfect form in all the three tenses. Try framing more by yourself.


Past Perfect

Present Perfect

Future Perfect

Naan – I (Sing.)First person
Nee enna senju-irrundhe? Nee enna senju-irukke/ senjitte? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Naan paadam padich-irundhen Naan paadam padichi irukken/ padichitten Naan paadam padichu-iruppen
Naan dress pott-irundhen Naan dress pottu-irukken/ pottitten Naan dress pottu-iruppen
Naan saapitt- irundhen Naan saapitu-irukken/ saaptitten Naan saapittu-iruppen
Naanga – We (Plu.) First person
Neenga enna senju-irrundheenga ? Neenga enna senju-irukeenga?/ senjitteenga? Neenga enna senj-irrupeenga?
Naanga paadam padichu-irundhom Naanga paadam padichi irukkom/ padichitom Naanga paadam padich-iruppom
Naanga dress pottu-irundhom Naanga dress pottu irukkom/ pottitom Naanga dress pott- iruppom
Naanga saapittu-irundhom Naanga saapittu irukkom/ saaptittom Naanga saapitt-iruppom
Nee– You ( Sing.) Second person
Nee enna senju-irundhe? Nee enna senju-irukku?/ senjitte? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Nee paadam padich-irundhe Nee paadam padichi irukke/ padichitte Nee paadam padich iruppe
Nee dress pott-irundhe Nee dress pottu-irukke/ pottite Nee dress pott iruppe
Nee saapitt-irundhe Nee saapttu-irukke/ saaptitte Nee saapitt- iruppe
Neenga – You (Plu.) Second person
Nee enna senju-irundheenga? Nee enna senju-irukkeenga?/ senjitteenga? Nee enna senju-iruppe?
Neenga paadam padich-irundheenga Neenga paadam padichi irukkeenga/ padichiteenga Neenga paadam padich-irupeenga
Neenga dress pott -irundheenga Neenga dress pottu-irukkeenga/ pottiteenga Neenga dress pottirupeenga
Neenga saapitt- irundheenga Neenga saaptu-irukeenga / saaptitteenga Neenga saapitt-irupeenga
Avan – He (informal) Third person
Avan enna senju-irundhaan? Avan enna senju-irukaan/ senjittaan? Avan enna senju-iruppaan?
Avan padich-irundhaan Avan padichi-irukaan/ padichittaan Avan/Avar padichu-iruppaan
Avan dress pott-irundhaan Avan dress pott-irukkaan/ pottittaan Avan/Avar dress pott-iruppaan
Avan saapitt- irundhaan Avan saapitt- irukkaan/ saaptittaan Avan/Avar saapitt- iruppaan
Avar – He (formal)Third person
Avar enna senju-irundhaar? Avar enna senju-irrukaar/ senjittar? Avar enna senju- irundhaar?
Avar padich-irundhaar Avar padich- irukaar Avar padichu-iruppaar
Avar dress pott-irundhaar Avar dress pott-irukaar Avar dress pott-iruppaar
Avar saapitt- irundhaar Avar saapitt- irukkaar/ saaptittaar Avar saapitt- iruppaan
Aval/Avanga – She (Sing.) informal Third person
Ava enna senj-irrundhaa? Ava enna senju-irukkaa? / senjittaa? Ava enna senj-irrupaa?
Ava padich-irundhaa Ava paadam padichi-irukkaa/ padichittaa Ava padich-iruppaa
Ava dress pott-irundhaa Ava dress dress pottu-irukkaa/ potittaa Ava dress pott-iruppaa
Ava saapitt- irundhaa Ava saapittu-irukkaa/ saaptittaa Ava saapitt- iruppaa
Avanga – She (Sing.) formal Third person
Avanga enna senj-irundhaanga? Avanga enna senju-irukkaanga/ senjitaanga? Avanga enna senj-irupaanga?
Avanga padich-irundhaanga Avanga paadam padichi-irukaanga/ padichitaanga Avanga padich-iruppaanga
Avanga dress pott-irundhaanga Avanga dress pottu-irukaanga/ pottitaanga Avanga dress pott-iruppaanga
Avanga saapitt- irundhaanga Avanga saapittu-irukaanga/ saaptitaanga Avanga saapitt- iruppaanga
Avanga – They (Plu.) Third person
This form is as the She sing. Formal form
Adhu/Idhu – IT Third person
Adhu/Idhu enna senj irundhadhu? Adhu/Idhu enna senju-irukku/ senjitidhu? Adhu/Idhu enna sen-jirukkum?
Adhu/Idhu padam paarth-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu padam paarthudhu Adhu/Idhu padam path-irukkum
Adhu/Idhu dress pott-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu dress potudhu Adhu/Idhu dress pot-irukkum
Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapit-irundhadhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapitudhu Adhu/Idhu saapadu saapit-irukkum


Examples of the Perfect form:

Kanavar : Rathi, Inaikku virundhaaligal varaanga. Enna samaichi-irukke? Rathi, we have guests coming today. What have you cooked?
Rathi: Naan inaikku vaankozhi samaichi-irukken. I have cooked chicken, today.
Pona murai, naan kozhi samaichi-irundhen. Last time, I had cooked turkey.
Avangalukku enna pidikkum theriyale. I don’t know what they like.
Adhu enakku therinji irundhaa, adhai samaichi-iruppen. I would have cooked it, if I had known it.


Vijay, nee yerkanave indha soup suvachi-irukeeya? Vijay, have you tasted this soup earlier?
Aamaa. Enakku indha soup pidikkaadhu. Yes. I have and I don’t like it.
Neththu nee senju-irundhe kozhi soup irukka? Do you have the chicken soup that you had made yesterday?
Idhu Kaai soup. Idhu unakku nalladhu. This is a vegetable soup. It’s good for you.
Idhu kozhi soup-a irundhaal, nee idhai kudichi-iruppe, sariya. You would have had it, if it was chicken soup, right?


Rachel kaalai-le irundhu enna padichi-irukkaa? What has Rachel learnt from the morning?
Ava Aangila paadangal-a padichi-irukkaa. She has learnt her English lessons.
Ava thanoda kanakku thervukku nalla padichi-irundhaalaa? Had she learnt for her maths exam well?
Inaikku ava kanakku thervai eppadi ezhudhinaa? How did she write her Maths exam today?
Aduththa vaarathukule avaloda thervugal-a ezhudhi mudichi-iruppaa. She will have finished writing her exams, by next week.


Ajith enna dress pottu-irukkaan? What dress is Ajith wearing?
Ajith vaguppu-la maaru-veda potti. Ajith has a fancy dress competition in class.
Avan, pona varusham, kadal kollaikaaran/ pirate vesham pottu-irundhaan. Last year, he had dressed up as a pirate.
Ippo, avan Maha-veeran/ Superhero vesham pottu-irukaan. Now, he has dressed as a Superhero.
Magician dress kidachi-irundhaa, avan maaya-viththai kkaaran vesham pottu-iruppan. If he had got a magician’s costume, he would have dresses up as a wizard.


Appa oru kadhai padichittu irukkaar. Dad is reading a story.
Avar adhai thannoda china vayasule padhichi-irundhaar. He had read this story, when he was a kid.
Avar en thangai-kku adhai thirumbavum padikiraar. He is reading the story over again for my sister.
Kaalaile irundhu, anju murai andha kadhai-a padichi-iruppaar. He would have read it about five times, since morning.
Ippo adha thirumbavum padikka poraar. Now. He is going to read it again.


Aana innum niraya kudaigal-e azhukku thunigal irukku. But there is still more baskets of dirty clothes.
Kavalai vendaam. Saayangaalam amma vararthukku munnaadi, ella thunigalaiyum thuvaichi-iruppanga. Don’t worry. She will have washed all the clothes, before mom arrives in the evening.
Ms Dianne enna senj-irukaanga? What has Ms.Dianne done?
Avanga thunigal thuvaichi-irukaanga. She has washed the clothes.
Avanga neththu romba konjam thunigal-e thuvaichi-irundhaanga. She had washed very few clothes yesterday.


Indha kodai vidumurai-kku neenga enge poi-irukkeenga? Where have you gone for this summer vacation?
Naanga Kulumanali vandhu-irukkom. We have come to Kulumanali.
Aaru maasam munnaadi, inge naanum en nanbargalum vandhu-irundhom. I and my friends had come here, some six months back.
Indha idam romba azhagaa irukku. This place is really beautiful.
Indha idam pathi munnadiye therinji-irundhaa, pona varusham-e inge vandhu-iruppom. If I had known about this place earlier, we would have come here the last year.


Neththu, Rakesh veetukku poi-irundheengala? Had you gone to Rakesh’s house?
Inaikkum veetule illai. Enge poi-irukeenga? You aren’t home, even today? Where have you gone?
Neenga neththu Rakesh veetule pirandha naal kondaada poi-iruppeenga, sariya? Yesterday you would have gone to celebrate Rakesh’s birthday at his place, right?


Richard-um avanoda nanbargal serndhu oru marathon oduraanga. Richard and his friends are running a marathon.
Avanga idhukku munnaadi ippadi odi-irukaangala? Have they run like this, even before?
Aamaa, idhe maadhiri moonu varushath-kku munnaale odi-irundhaanga. Yes. They had run like this, three years back.
Enga pakaththu veetukaarangalukku idhu theriyaadhu. Therinji-irundhaa, avangalum kooda serndhu odi-iruppaanga. My neighbors did know this. If they had known, even they too would have joined and run.


Doctor, Neththu-le irundhu Toby romba konjam saapaadu thaan saaptu-irukku. Doctor, Toby has eaten very little since yesterday.
Adhukku udambu sariyile. It is not feeling well.
Adhukku vayiru valikkudhu pola. Its like it has a stomach ache.
Toby, edhaiyo saaptu-irukkum. Toby, would have eaten something.
Oru murai, idhe maadhiri, oru button-a vizhingi-irundhaadhu. Once, just like this, he had swallowed a button.


Pudhu Vaarthaigal:

Virundhaali – Guest
Vaan kozhi – Turkey
Kozhi – chicken
Pona murai – last time
Therinjaa – if it was known
Suvai/ rusi – taste/ flavor
Yerkanave – already
Nalladhu – good
Irundhaal – if so
Kaalai-le irundhu – from morning
Aangilam – English
Aduththa vaaram – Next week
Chinna vayasule – When one was young/ childhood days
Vaguppule – In the class
Maaru-vedam/vesham – Disguise
Maaru veda potti – Fancy dress competition
Kadal kollai-kaaran – Pirate
Maaya viththai-kkaaran – Magician
Thuvai – Washing clothes
Saayangaalam – Evening
Valikkudhu – Aching/ paining


Try to say the following in Tamil. Also try to change it to tenses that we learnt today.

1. Raju has danced for this song.

2. Dad would have gone to the market.

3. The monkey had carried away the bananas.

4. Veeta would have chewed gum in class.

5. John had bought newspaper at the shop.

6. Tommy has always obeyed his master.

7. We had run to school yesterday.

8. Mom would have some money saved in the bank.

9. Danny had jumped on the bed.

10. Grandma will be reading a story for us tomorrow.

11. Sumitha has finished counting the money in her purse.

12. Rasi has always worn a new dress every week.


Try to frame sentences with the given verbs in the perfect tense:

1. Po:

2. Vaa:

3. Thoongu:

4. Vettu:

5. Madi:

6. Pesu:

7. Saapidu:

8. Otu:

9. Thallu:

10. Vilayaadu:

11. Vaangu:

12. Padi :

13. Ezhudhu :


Try to say about the pictures in the tenses we learnt today.


Describe the picture, using the prepositions and tenses: