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LESSON 2 – INTRODUCING YOURSELF

Paadam 2 – Ungalai Neengale Arimugappaduththik Kolludhal
பாடம் 2 – உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுதல்

 

1.THIS, THAT & WHAT
Idhu, Adhu & Enna
இது, அது & என்ன

 

2.QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?
Kaelvigal: Idhuvaa / Adhuvaa – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?
கேள்விகள்: இதுவா / அதுவா – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

 

3.PARTS OF THE BODY
Udal Uruppugal
உடல் உறுப்புகள்

 

4.CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF
Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengaley Arimugappaduththik Kollungal
உரையாடல்: உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

 

5.NEW WORDS
Pudhu Vaarththaigal
புது வார்த்தைகள்

 

6.EXERCISES
Payirchigal
பயிற்சிகள்
 
 

Some Instructions for Students of ILearnTamil.com

  1. As in many foreign languages, in Tamil too, there are letters which have sounds that are not available in the English language. One of them is – – which is often denoted by “Zh”. It is pronounced like the letter “L” but with the rolling of the tongue. For example, the word “Tamil” is transliterated as Thamizh (starting with a “Th” sound and ending with a tonguIrolling of the letter “L”). Mind you, there are 2 other letters in Tamil – and – which are pronounced very much like the normal “L” in English.
  2. Another letter you are likely to come across is – – which is often denoted by “Gn” and pronounced more like “nj”. For example, this letter is used in Aaranju, which is the Tamil translation of the word “Orange” and sounds similar too. The “nj” part of Aaranju is what you will need when you see words beginning with “Gn”. It may be difficult initially, but with some practice, you will surely master it!
  3. Spoken Tamil is often different from Formal/ Written Tamil, and in order to differentiate the two, we have used the blue color to indicate Spoken Tamil Transliteration (Tamil words written using the English alphabet) and Spoken Tamil Script.
  4. Throughout the lesson plan, the following sequencing has been used:Word/ Phrase/ Sentence in English
    1. a.Word/ Phrase/ Sentence in English
    2. b.Spoken Tamil Transliteration in English
    3. c.Spoken Tamil Script
    4. d.Formal Tamil Transliteration in English
    5. e.Formal Tamil Script

 

1. THIS, THAT & WHAT

Idhu, Adhu & Enna
இது, அது & என்ன

 

The words This, That and What are important words in any language. Let’s see how to say and use these words in Tamil.
When we talk about a thing that is near to us, we use This. When we refer to something that is away from us, we use That and when we want to ask a question about something we say What. In Tamil, the word for This is Idhu இது, the word for That is Adhu அது and the word for What is Enna என்ன.

 

Examples:
THIS – Idhu – இது

 

pen

What is this?

Idhu enna?

இது என்ன?

This is a pen.

Idhu oru paenaa.

இது ஒரு பேனா.

book

What is this?

Idhu enna?

இது என்ன?

This is a book.

Idhu oru book.

இது ஒரு புக்.

Idhu oru puththagam.

இது ஒரு புத்தகம்.

kite

What is this?

Idhu enna?

இது என்ன?

This is a kite.

Idhu oru pattam.

இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

 

THAT – Adhuஅது

 

home

What is that?

Adhu enna?

அது என்ன?

That is a house.

Adhu oru veedu.

அது ஒரு வீடு.

tree

What is that?

Adhu enna?

அது என்ன?

That is a tree.

Adhu oru maram.

அது ஒரு மரம்.

elephant

What is that?

Adhu enna?

அது என்ன?

That is an elephant.

Adhu oru yaanai.

அது ஒரு யானை.

 

 

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Ninaivil Kolga
நினைவில் கொள்க

 

This, It Idhu இது
That Adhu அது
What Enna என்ன
A / An / One Oru ஒரு
Pen Paenaa பேனா
Book Puththagam புத்தகம்
Kite Pattam பட்டம்
House Veedu வீடு
Tree Maram மரம்
Elephant Yaanai யானை

 

 

HELPFUL HINTS

Uthavum Kurippu
உதவும் குறிப்பு
 

When learning a new language, it is helpful to know some rules or handy ways to remember new words. One way to help remember these and other words you will learn in the coming classes is that if a word is referring to something that is Here the corresponding Tamil word starts with the letter I.

If the word is referring to something that is There or away from you, it starts with the letter A and if it is a Question it starts with the letter E.

For example, the Tamil words for This and Here start with the letter I (Idhu, Inga). The Tamil words for That and There start with the letter A (Adhu, Anga) and the Tamil words for What and Where start with the letter E (Enna, Enga)

 

 

QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?

Kaelvigal: Idhu / Adhu – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?
கேள்விகள்: இது / அது – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

 

To ask a question in Tamil, we add an ‘ah’ sound at the end of an object, denoted by aa.

For example: Idhu pattam இது பட்டம் means It is a kite, but to make it a question you ask Idhu pattamaa? இது பட்டமா? which means Is it a kite?

Adding the suffix aa to an object turns the statement into a question. You should always keep in mind that this suffix should not sound as a separate syllable – it should become one with the word. For example, pattam+aa = pattamaa (It should sound like pattamaa and not like pattam and an ‘ah’ sound after a pause).

When we have questions like – Is this a pen? or Is that a kite?, the answer is usually a Yes or No. Let us now learn to say Yes and No in Tamil.

 

Yes

Aamaam

ஆமாம்

Aam

ஆம்

No

Illa

இல்ல

Illai

இல்லை

 

Examples:

 

Is this (it) a kite?

Idhu oru pattamaa?

இது ஒரு பட்டமா?

Yes, this (it) is a kite.

Aamaam, idhu oru pattam.
ஆமாம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

Aam, idhu oru pattam.
ஆம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

kite

Is that a book?

Adhu oru book-aa?

அது ஒரு புக்கா?

Adhu oru puththagamaa?

அது ஒரு புத்தகமா?

No, that is a pen.

Illa, adhu oru paenaa.

இல்ல, அது ஒரு பேனா.

Illai, adhu oru paenaa.

இல்லை, அது ஒரு பேனா.

pen

Is this (it) an elephant?

Idhu oru yaanaiyaa?

இது ஒரு யானையா?

No, this (it) is a tree.

Illa, idhu oru maram.

இல்ல, இது ஒரு மரம்.

Illai, idhu oru maram.

இல்லை, இது ஒரு மரம்.

tree

 

3. PARTS OF THE BODY

Udal Uruppugal
உடல் உறுப்புகள்

 

Hair Mudi முடி Koondhal கூந்தல்
Eye Kann கண் Kann கண்
Nose Mookku மூக்கு Mookku மூக்கு
Ear Kaadhu காது Kaadhu காது
Mouth Vaai வாய் Vaai வாய்
Neck Kazhuththu கழுத்து Kazhuththu கழுத்து
Hand Kai கை Kai கை
Chest Nenju நெஞ்சு Maarbu மார்பு
Stomach Vayiru வயிறு Vayiru வயிறு
Leg Kaalu காலு Kaal கால்
Foot Paadham பாதம் Paadham பாதம்
Fingers Viralgal­ விரல்கள் Viralgal­ விரல்கள்

 

body

 

See if you can answer the following questions:

Pinvarum padangalaip paarththu bathil solluga:
பின்வரும் படங்களைப் பார்த்து பதில் சொல்லுக:

 

1.

Idhu enna?

இது என்ன?

Answer:


 


 

elephant
2.

Adhu paenaavaa?

அது பேனாவா?

Answer:


 


 

book
3.

Adhu enna?

அது என்ன?

Answer:


 


 

kite
4.

Idhu veedaa?

இது வீடா?

Answer:


 


 

home
5.

Idhu enna?

இது என்ன?

Answer:


 


 

hand
6

Adhu enna?

அது என்ன?

Answer:


 


eyes
7

Idhu kaadhaa?

இது காதா?

Answer:


 


 

ear

 

4.CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF

Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengale Arimugappaduththik Kollungal
உரையாடல்: உங்களை  நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

 

Today you will learn how to introduce yourself in Tamil. The key words to know are:

 

I Naan நான் Naan நான்
Enakku எனக்கு Enakku எனக்கு
MY En என் En என்
Ennoda என்னோட Enadhu எனது
Ennudaiya என்னுடைய
ME Ennai என்னை Ennai என்னை

Ennodu**

En-kooda**

En-kitta**

என்னோடு

என்-கூட

என்-கிட்ட

Ennodu**

Enn-udan**

Enn-idam**

என்னோடு

என்னுடன் என்னிடம்…

MINE Ennodadhu என்னோடது Ennudaiyadhu என்னுடையது

 

In the case of the Object pronoun, Me, there are many different ways of saying it in Tamil. When Me is used along with different prepositions, various forms of the pronoun arise, which will be dealt with in future lessons.

 

THINGS TO REMEMBER

Ninaivil Kolga  
நினைவில் கொள்க

 

Just as the words – I, Me, My and Mine refer to one’s self, but depend on the context in which they are used, in the same way, even in Tamil, the words Naan, En, Enakku, Enadhu and Ennudaiya depend on the context in which they are used.

For example, we use Enakku when we make statements such as ‘I like’, ‘I know’ and ‘I want’; whereas we use the word Naan also to talk about ourselves, but in statements beginning with ‘I am’ as in ‘I am a student’, ‘I am tired’ etc.

Now let’s learn some basic sentences to introduce ourselves:

 

1.
My name is _____________.
En /Ennoda paeru ____________.
என் / என்னோட பேரு ____________.
Ennudaiya peyar ____________.
என்னுடைய பெயர் _____________.
(Fill the blank with your name)
2.
I am studying in _____________ standard
Naan ______________ vaguppu padikkuraen.
நான் ______________ வகுப்பு படிக்குறேன்.
Naan ______________ vaguppil padikkiraen.
நான் ______________ வகுப்பில் படிக்கிறேன்.
(The class you are studying – 8th, 9th or 10th)
3.
The name of my school is __________________.
En / Ennoda school paeru __________________.
என் / என்னோட ஸ்கூல் பேரு __________________.
Enadhu palliyin peyar __________________.
எனது பள்ளியின் பெயர் __________________.
(Your School)
4.
I am working in __________________.
Naan __________________ -la vaela seyyuraen.
நான் __________________ -ல வேல செய்யுறேன்.
Naan __________________ -il vaelai seygiraen.
நான் __________________ -இல் வேலை செய்கிறேன்.
(The name of your Organization)
5
My father’s name is __________________.
En / Ennoda appaavin paeru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அப்பாவின் பேரு __________________.
Ennudaiya appaavin peyar __________________.
என்னுடைய அப்பாவின் பெயர் __________________.
You can use appaavin paeru / appaa paeru – both are interchangeable. Adding -vin at the end is the same as adding ‘s at the end of a word in English for possessive nouns to denote ownership, like John’s house, book’s author etc.
In the above example, we add -vin after the word appaa to refer to Father’s name – it belongs to him, as opposed to saying My father is – which is about him.
(Dad’s Name)
6
My father is a __________________.
En / Ennoda appaa oru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அப்பா ஒரு __________________.
Ennudaiya appa oru __________________.
என்னுடைய அப்பா ஒரு __________________.
Dad’s Occupation – doctor, electrician, engineer etc.)
7
My mother’s name is __________________.
En / Ennoda ammaavin paeru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அம்மாவின் பேரு __________________.
Ennudaiya ammaavin peyar __________________.
என்னுடைய அம்மாவின் பெயர் __________________.
Remember to add -vin after the word Ammaa as it is about your mother.
(Mom’s Name)
8
My mother is a __________________.
En / Ennoda ammaa oru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அம்மா ஒரு __________________.
Ennudaiya ammaa oru __________________.
என்னுடைய அம்மா ஒரு __________________.
Mom’s Occupation – teacher, doctor, home-maker etc.)
9
I live in __________________.
Naan __________________ -la vaazhuraen / vasikkuraen.
நான் __________________ -ல வாழுறேன் / வசிக்குறேன்.
Naan __________________ -il vaazhgiraen / vasikkiraen.
நான் __________________ -இல் வாழ்கிறேன் / வசிக்கிறேன்.
The word vasikkiraen is used when you talk about the town or the locality where you live. You say vaazhgiraen, when you refer to the country or the continent you are from. For example, if you say I am from Washington, you use vasikkiraen and if you are telling someone that you are from America, you use vaazhgiraen.
In both cases you add -la at the end of the town, locality, country or continent you are referring to, as this indicates that you are referring to a place. For example, Washington becomes Washington-la and America becomes America-la.
(Place where you live)
10
I like __________________ very much.
Enakku __________________ romba pudikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ ரொம்ப புடிக்கும்.
Enakku __________________ migavum pidikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ மிகவும் பிடிக்கும்
(Example pizza, cakes, fruit etc.)
11
I do not like __________________.
Enakku __________________pudikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ புடிக்காது.
Enakku __________________ pidikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ பிடிக்காது.
(Aunt Jenny, vegetables, earthquakes etc.)

 

 

5. NEW WORDS

Pudhu Vaarththaigal
புது வார்த்தைகள்

 

Learn the following words to help build your vocabulary:
Name Paeru பேரு Peyar பெயர்
Studying Padikkuraen படிக்குறேன் Padikkiraen படிக்கிறேன்
Working Vaela seyyuraen வேல செய்யுறேன் Vaelai seygiraen வேலை செய்கிறேன்
Residing Vasikkuraen வசிக்குறேன் Vasikkiraen வசிக்கிறேன்
Living Vaazhuraen வாழுறேன் Vaazhgiraen வாழ்கிறேன்
Very much Romba ரொம்ப Mikka மிக்க
Migavum மிகவும்
Like Pudikkum புடிக்கும் Pidikkum பிடிக்கும்

Do not like /

Dislike

Pudikkaadhu புடிக்காது Pidikkaadhu பிடிக்காது

 

6. EXERCISES

Payirchigal
பயிற்சிகள்

 

I. Answer the following questions in Tamil – say Yes / No:

Pinvarum kaelvigalukku Aamaam / Illa endru bathil solluga:
பின்வரும் கேள்விகளுக்கு ஆமாம் / இல்லை என்று பதில் சொல்லுக:

 

eyes Idhu kannaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
ear Idhu kaalaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
lips Idhu kaadhaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
hand Idhu kaiyaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
legs Idhu kaalaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
nose Idhu vaayaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________
leg Idhu paadhamaa? Aamaam / Illa _____________

 

II. Fill in the blanks and translate these into Tamil:

Koditta idaththai nirappi, muzhu thodaraiyum Thamizhil mozhi peyarththu ezhudhuga solluga:
கோடிட்ட இடத்தை நிரப்பி, முழு தொடரையும் தமிழில் மொழி பெயர்த்து எழுதுக சொல்லுக:

 

Example – Udhaaranam – உதாரணம்:

I am studying Thamizh.

Naan Thamizh padikkiraen.

 

 

1.

My name is __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

2.

I am living in __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

3.

Seventy five

_____________________________________________________________________

4.

My father’s name is __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

5.

I like __________________ very much

_____________________________________________________________________

6.

Hundred

_____________________________________________________________________

7.

I am working in __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

8.

My mother’s name is __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

9.

Eighty

_____________________________________________________________________

10.

My father is a __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

11.

My school’s name is __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

12.

My mother is a __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

13.

I don’t like __________________.

_____________________________________________________________________

14.

Ten

_____________________________________________________________________

15.

Twenty-five

_____________________________________________________________________

16.

Stomach

_____________________________________________________________________

17.

Thirty-eight

_____________________________________________________________________

18.

Forty-six

_____________________________________________________________________

 

19.

Leg

____________________________________________________________________

20.

Fifty-nine

_____________________________________________________________________

21.

Hair

_____________________________________________________________________

22. Nose
_____________________________________________________________________