Spoken Tamil Lesson 2

This lesson is an integral component of our course, which includes three complimentary lessons designed to introduce you to our program. We supply course materials for each of these lessons as part of our teaching approach.

Lesson 2 covers the following topics.

THIS, THAT & WHAT | QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS/THAT? | PARTS OF THE BODY | CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF | NEW WORDS | EXERCISES

Lesson 2 Index

THIS, THAT & WHAT

Idhu, Adhu & Enna
இது, அது & என்ன

QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?

Kaelvigal : Idhuvaa / Adhuvaa – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?
கேள்விகள் : இதுவா / அதுவா – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

PARTS OF THE BODY

Udal Uruppugal
உடல் உறுப்புகள்

CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF
Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengaley Arimugappaduththik Kollungal
உரையாடல்: உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

NEW WORDS

Pudhu Vaarththaigal
புது வார்த்தைகள்

EXERCISES

Payirchigal
பயிற்சிகள்

One on One Tamil class

Instructions for Students

As in many foreign languages, in Tamil too, there are letters which have sounds that are not available in the English language. One of them is – ழ – which is often denoted by “Zh”. It is pronounced like the letter “L” but with the rolling of the tongue. For example, the word “Tamil” is transliterated as Thamizh (starting with a “Th” sound and ending with a tonguIrolling of the letter “L”). Mind you, there are 2 other letters in Tamil – ல and ள – which are pronounced very much like the normal “L” in English.

Another letter you are likely to come across is – ஞ – which is often denoted by “Gn” and pronounced more like “nj”. For example, this letter is used in Aaranju, which is the Tamil translation of the word “Orange” and sounds similar too. The “nj” part of Aaranju is what you will need when you see words beginning with “Gn”. It may be difficult initially, but with some practice, you will surely master it!

Spoken Tamil is often different from Formal/ Written Tamil, and in order to differentiate the two, we have used the blue color to indicate Spoken Tamil Transliteration (Tamil words written using the English alphabet) and Spoken Tamil Script.

Throughout the lesson plan, the following sequencing has been used:Word/ Phrase/ Sentence in English
1. Word/ Phrase/ Sentence in English
2. Spoken Tamil Transliteration in English
3. Spoken Tamil Script
4. Formal Tamil Transliteration in English
5. Formal Tamil Script

One on One Tamil class

Essential Phrases – 2

English Spoken Tamil Transliteration Spoken Tamil
I like Enakku Pudikkum எனக்கு புடிக்கும்
I won’t like Enakku Pudikkaadhu எனக்கு புடிக்காது
I don’t like Enakku Pudikala எனக்கு புடிக்கல
I want Enakku Vaenum எனக்கு வேணும்
I don’t want Enakku Vaenaam எனக்கு வேணாம்
I know Enakku theriyum எனக்கு தெரியும்
I don’t know Enakku theriyala எனக்கு தெரியல
I understand Enakku puriyum எனக்கு புரியும்
I don’t understand Enakku puriyala எனக்கு புரியல
What is your name? Un/unga paeru enna? உன்/உங்க பேரு என்ன?
My name is ________ En paeru _______ என் பேரு _____
Where are you? Nee enga irukka?/Neenga enga irukkeenga? நீ எங்க இருக்க?/நீங்க எங்க இருக்கீங்க?
He/She (near) Ivan/Ival இவன்/இவள்
He/She (Far) Avan/Aval அவன்/அவள்
We Naanga/Naama நாங்க/நாம
You Nee/Neenga நீ/நீங்க
Go Poa/poanga போ/போங்க
Give Thaa/Thaanga தா/தாங்க
Enough Poadhum போதும்
Not enough Poadhaadhu போதாது
Having/Have Irukku இருக்கு
Will not be Irukkaadhu இருக்காது

THIS, THAT & WHAT

Idhu, Adhu & Enna இது, அது & என்ன

Index

The words This, That and What are important words in any language. Let’s see how to say and use these words in Tamil.
When we talk about a thing that is near to us, we use This. When we refer to something that is away from us, we use That and when we want to ask a question about something we say What. In Tamil, the word for This is Idhu இது, the word for That is Adhu அது and the word for What is Enna என்ன.

THIS – Idhu – இது

Tamil class for all

What is this?
Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

This is a pen.
Idhu oru paenaa. இது ஒரு பேனா.

Tamil through ENglish

What is this?
Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

This is a book.
Idhu oru book. இது ஒரு புக்.
Idhu oru puththagam. இது ஒரு புத்தகம்.

What is this?
Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

This is a kite.
Idhu oru pattam. இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

School - Tamil classes

What is this?
Idhu enna?
இது என்ன?

This is a School.
Idhu oru palli.
இது ஒரு பள்ளி.

Mesai - Tamil through English

What is this?
Idhu enna?
இது என்ன?

This is a table.
Idhu oru maesai.
இது ஒரு மேசை.

 

Key - Tamil class

What is this?
Idhu enna?
இது என்ன?

This is a key.
Idhu oru saavi.
இது ஒரு சாவி.

THAT – Adhu – அது

House - Veedu in Tamil

What is that?
Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

That is a house.
Adhu oru veedu. அது ஒரு வீடு.

What is that?
Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

That is a tree.
Adhu oru maram. அது ஒரு மரம்.

What is that?
Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

That is an elephant.
Adhu oru yaanai. அது ஒரு யானை.

Ball- Tamil lesson online

What is that?
Adhu enna?
அது என்ன?

That is a ball.
Adhu oru pandhu
அது ஒரு பந்து.

Tamil lessons online

What is that?
Adhu enna?
அது என்ன?

That is a Mountain.
Adhu oru malai
அது ஒரு மலை.

Lion- Tamil lesson online

What is that?
Adhu enna?
அது என்ன?

That is a lion.
Adhu oru singam
அது ஒரு சிங்கம்.

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Ninaivil Kolga நினைவில் கொள்க

This, It

Idhu இது

That

Adhu அது

Ball

Pandhu பந்து

What

Enna என்ன

A / An / One

Oru ஒரு

Mountain

Malai மலை

Pen

Paenaa பேனா

Kite

Pattam பட்டம்

Lion

Singam சிங்கம்

Book

Puththagam புத்தகம்

Tree

Maram மரம்

School

Palli பள்ளி

Elephant

Yaanai யானை

House

Veedu வீடு

Key

Saavi சாவி

HELPFUL HINTS

Uthavum Kurippu உதவும் குறிப்பு

When learning a new language, it is helpful to know some rules or handy ways to remember new words. One way to help remember these and other words you will learn in the coming classes is that if a word is referring to something that is Here the corresponding Tamil word starts with the letter I.

If the word is referring to something that is There or away from you, it starts with the letter A and if it is a Question it starts with the letter E.

For example, the Tamil words for This and Here start with the letter I (Idhu, Inga). The Tamil words for That and There start with the letter A (Adhu, Anga) and the Tamil words for What and Where start with the letter E (Enna, Enga)

QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?

Kaelvigal : Idhu / Adhu – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?
கேள்விகள் : இது / அது – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

Index

To ask a question in Tamil, we add an ‘ah’ sound at the end of an object, denoted by aa.

For example: Idhu pattam இது பட்டம் means It is a kite, but to make it a question you ask Idhu pattamaa? இது பட்டமா? which means Is it a kite?

Adding the suffix aa to an object turns the statement into a question. You should always keep in mind that this suffix should not sound as a separate syllable – it should become one with the word. For example, pattam+aa = pattamaa (It should sound like pattamaa and not like pattam and an ‘ah’ sound after a pause).

The suffix that is added changes depending on the ending syllable of the object. Few examples are given below to understand this better.

* When a word ends in ‘m’,’l’,’n’,’r’, then the syllable ‘aa’ is added to it.
Maram – Maram+aa – Maramaa
Puththagam – Puththagam+aa – Puththagamaa
Manjal – Manjal+aa – Manjalaa
Maan – Maan+aa – Maanaa
Thaer – Thaer+aa – Thaeraa

* When a word ends in ‘ai’, ‘i’, then the syllable ‘yaa’ is added to it.
Yaanai – Yaanai + yaa – Yaanaiyaa
Puli – Puli + yaa – Puliyaa

* When a word ends in ‘u’, then the syllable ‘u’ is replaced with ‘aa’.
Veedu – Veedu+aa – Veedaa
Maadu – Maadu+aa – Maadaa

* When a word ends in ‘aa’ , then the syllable ‘vaa’ is added to it.
Thaaththaa – thaaththaa+vaa – thaaththaavaa
Paenaa – paenaa+vaa – paenaavaa

When we have questions like – Is this a pen? or Is that a kite?, the answer is usually a Yes or No. Let us now learn to say Yes and No in Tamil.

Yes
Aamaam ஆமாம்
Aam ஆம்

No
Illa இல்ல
Illai இல்லை

is this (it) a kite?

Idhu oru pattamaa? இது ஒரு பட்டமா?

Yes, this (it) is a kite.

Aamaam, idhu oru pattam. ஆமாம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.
Aam, idhu oru pattam. ஆம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

Tamil class for all

Is that a book?

Adhu oru book-aa? அது ஒரு புக்கா?
Adhu oru puththagamaa? அது ஒரு புத்தகமா?

No, that is a pen.

Illa, adhu oru paenaa. இல்ல, அது ஒரு பேனா.
Illai, adhu oru paenaa.இல்லை, அது ஒரு பேனா.

Is this (it) an elephant?

Idhu oru yaanaiyaa? இது ஒரு யானையா?

No, this (it) is a tree.

Illa, idhu oru maram. இல்ல, இது ஒரு மரம்.
Illai, idhu oru maram. இல்லை, இது ஒரு மரம்.

PARTS OF THE BODY

Udal Uruppugal உடல் உறுப்புகள்

Index

Head

Thalai தலை

Hair

Thalai mudi தலை முடி

Forehead

Neththi / Nettri நெத்தி / நெற்றி

Eyebrow

Puruvam புருவம்

Eye

Kann கண்

Ear

Kaadhu காது

Nose

Mookku மூக்கு

Mouth

Vaay வாய்

Teeth

Pallu / Parkal பல்லு / பற்கள்

Tongue

Naakku நாக்கு

Lips

Udhadu உதடு

Chest

Nenju / Maarbu நெஞ்சு / மார்பு

Hand

Kai கை

Fingers

Viralkal விரல்கள்

Stomach

Vayiru வயிறு

Elbow

Muzhangai முழங்கை

Shoulder

Thoalpattai தோள்பட்டை

Back / Spine area

Mudhugu முதுகு

Leg

Kaal கால்

Knee

Mutti முட்டி

Foot

Paadham பாதம்

Body parts in Tamil
Parts of body in Tamil

See if you can answer the following questions

Pinvarum padangalaip paarththu bathil solluga பின்வரும் படங்களைப் பார்த்து பதில் சொல்லுக

Tamil class for all

Adhu paenaavaa? அது பேனாவா?

Idhu veedaa? இது வீடா?

Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

Idhu enna? இது என்ன?

Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

Adhu enna? அது என்ன?

Idhu kaadhaa? இது காதா?

CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF

Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengale Arimugappaduththik Kollungal
உரையாடல்: உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

Index

I

Naan நான்
Enakku எனக்கு

MY

En என்
Ennoda என்னோட
Enadhu எனது
Ennudaiya என்னுடைய

ME

Ennai என்னை
Ennodu** En-kooda** En-kitta** என்னோடு என்-கூட என்-கிட்ட
Ennodu** Enn-udan** Enn-idam** என்னோடு என்னுடன் என்னிடம்…

MINE

Ennodadhu என்னோடது
Ennudaiyadhu என்னுடையது

In the case of the Object pronoun, Me, there are many different ways of saying it in Tamil. When Me is used along with different prepositions, various forms of the pronoun arise, which will be dealt with in future lessons.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

Ninaivil Kolga நினைவில் கொள்க

Just as the words – I, Me, My and Mine refer to one’s self, but depend on the context in which they are used, in the same way, even in Tamil, the words Naan, En, Enakku, Enadhu and Ennudaiya depend on the context in which they are used.

For example, we use Enakku when we make statements such as ‘I like’, ‘I know’ and ‘I want’; whereas we use the word Naan also to talk about ourselves, but in statements beginning with ‘I am’ as in ‘I am a student’, ‘I am tired’ etc.

Now let’s learn some basic sentences to introduce ourselves:

Fill the blank with your name

My name is _____________.
En /Ennoda paeru ____________.
என் / என்னோட பேரு ____________.
Ennudaiya peyar ____________.
என்னுடைய பெயர் _____________.

Your School

The name of my school is __________________.
En / Ennoda school paeru __________________.
என் / என்னோட ஸ்கூல் பேரு __________________.
Enadhu palliyin peyar __________________.
எனது பள்ளியின் பெயர் __________________.

Dad’s Name

My father’s name is __________________.
En / Ennoda appaavin paeru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அப்பாவின் பேரு __________________.
Ennudaiya appaavin peyar __________________.
என்னுடைய அப்பாவின் பெயர் __________________.

You can use appaavin paeru / appaa paeru – both are interchangeable. Adding -vin at the end is the same as adding ‘s at the end of a word in English for possessive nouns to denote ownership, like John’s house, book’s author etc.
In the above example, we add -vin after the word appaa to refer to Father’s name – it belongs to him, as opposed to saying My father is – which is about him.

Hint : pizza, cakes, fruit etc

I like __________________ very much.
Enakku __________________ romba pudikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ ரொம்ப புடிக்கும்.
Enakku __________________ migavum pidikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ மிகவும் பிடிக்கும்

Hint : Aunt Jenny, vegetables, earthquakes etc

I do not like __________________.
Enakku __________________pudikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ புடிக்காது.
Enakku __________________ pidikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ பிடிக்காது.

The class you are studying – 8th, 9th or 10th

I am studying in _____________ standard
Naan ______________ vaguppu padikkuraen.
நான் ______________ வகுப்பு படிக்குறேன்.
Naan ______________ vaguppil padikkiraen.
நான் ______________ வகுப்பில் படிக்கிறேன்.

The name of your Organization

I am working in __________________.
Naan __________________ -la vaela seyyuraen.
நான் __________________ -ல வேல செய்யுறேன்.
Naan __________________ -il vaelai seygiraen.
நான் __________________ -இல் வேலை செய்கிறேன்.

Dad’s Occupation – doctor, electrician, engineer etc

My father is a __________________.
En / Ennoda appaa oru __________________.
என் / என்னோட அப்பா ஒரு __________________.
Ennudaiya appa oru __________________.
என்னுடைய அப்பா ஒரு __________________.

Place where you live

I live in __________________.
Naan __________________ -la vaazhuraen / vasikkuraen.
நான் __________________ -ல வாழுறேன் / வசிக்குறேன்.
Naan __________________ -il vaazhgiraen / vasikkiraen.
நான் __________________ -இல் வாழ்கிறேன் / வசிக்கிறேன்.

The word vasikkiraen is used when you talk about the town or the locality where you live. You say vaazhgiraen, when you refer to the country or the continent you are from. For example, if you say I am from Washington, you use vasikkiraen and if you are telling someone that you are from America, you use vaazhgiraen.
In both cases you add -la at the end of the town, locality, country or continent you are referring to, as this indicates that you are referring to a place. For example, Washington becomes Washington-la and America becomes America-la.

(Example pizza, cakes, fruit etc.)

I like __________________ very much.
Enakku __________________ romba pudikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ ரொம்ப புடிக்கும்.
Enakku __________________ migavum pidikkum.
எனக்கு __________________ மிகவும் பிடிக்கும்.

(Example vegetables, earthquakes etc.)

I do not like __________________.
Enakku __________________pudikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ புடிக்காது.
Enakku __________________ pidikkaadhu. 
எனக்கு __________________ பிடிக்காது.

 

NEW WORDS

Pudhu Vaarththaigal புது வார்த்தைகள்

Index

B

Name

Paeru பேரு Peyar பெயர்
B

Studying

Padikkuraen படிக்குறேன்
Padikkiraen படிக்கிறேன்
B

Working

Vaela seyyuraen வேல செய்யுறேன்
Vaelai seygiraen வேலை செய்கிறேன்
B

Residing

Vasikkuraen வசிக்குறேன்
Vasikkiraen வசிக்கிறேன்
B

Living

Vaazhuraen வாழுறேன்
Vaazhgiraen வாழ்கிறேன்
B

Like

Pudikkum புடிக்கும்
Pidikkum பிடிக்கும்
B

Very much

Romba ரொம்ப
Mikka மிக்க
B

Name

Paeru பேரு Peyar பெயர்
B

Do not like / Dislike

Pudikkaadhu புடிக்காது
Pidikkaadhu பிடிக்காது

EXERCISES

Payirchigal பயிற்சிகள்

Index

Answer the following questions in Tamil – say Yes / No

Pinvarum kaelvigalukku Aamaam / Illa endru bathil solluga பின்வரும் கேள்விகளுக்கு ஆமாம் / இல்லை என்று பதில் சொல்லுக

Eye- Body parts in Tamil

Idhu kannaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Mouth - Body part in Tamil

Idhu vaayaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Ear - Body parts in Tamil

Idhu kaadhaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Foot- Body parts in Tamil

Idhu paadhamaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Hand- Body parts in Tamil

Idhu kaiyaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Tamil lessons online

Idhu kaadhaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Leg - Body parts in Tamil

Idhu kaalaa?

Aamaam / Illa _____________

Fill in the blanks and translate these into Tamil

Koditta idaththai nirappi, muzhu thodaraiyum Thamizhil mozhi peyarththu ezhudhuga solluga:
கோடிட்ட இடத்தை நிரப்பி, முழு தொடரையும் தமிழில் மொழி பெயர்த்து எழுதுக சொல்லுக:

Example – Udhaaranam – உதாரணம்:

I am studying Thamizh.
Naan Thamizh padikkiraen.

My name is __________________.

I am living in __________________.

Seventy five __________________.

My father’s name is __________________.

I like __________________ very much

Hundred __________________.

I am working in __________________.

My mother’s name is __________________.

Eighty__________________.

My father is a __________________.

My school’s name is __________________.

My mother is a __________________.

I don’t like __________________.

Ten__________________.

Twenty-five__________________.

Stomach__________________.

Thirty-eight__________________.

Forty-six__________________.

Leg__________________.

Fifty-nine__________________.

Hair__________________.

Nose__________________.

We hope you found the sample lessons enjoyable.

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