LESSON 2 – INTRODUCING YOURSELF

  1. Paadam 2 – Ungalai Neengale Arimugappaduththik Kolludhal
  2. பாடம் 2 – உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுதல்

 

1.THIS, THAT & WHAT

Idhu, Adhu & Enna

இது, அது & என்ன

 

2. QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?

Kaelvigal: Idhuvaa / Adhuvaa – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?

கேள்விகள்: இதுவா / அதுவா – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

 

3. PARTS OF THE BODY

Udal Uruppugal

உடல் உறுப்புகள்

 

4. CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF

Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengaley Arimugappaduththik Kollungal

உரையாடல்: உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

 

5. NEW WORDS

Pudhu Vaarththaigal

புது வார்த்தைகள்

 

6. EXERCISES

Payirchigal

பயிற்சிகள்

 

Some Instructions for Students of ILearnTamil.com

  1. As in many foreign languages, in Tamil too, there are letters which have sounds that are not available in the English language. One of them is – – which is often denoted by “Zh”. It is pronounced like the letter “L” but with the rolling of the tongue. For example, the word “Tamil” is transliterated as Thamizh (starting with a “Th” sound and ending with a tongue-rolling of the letter “L”). Mind you, there are 2 other letters in Tamil – and – which are pronounced very much like the normal “L” in English.
  2.  
  3. Another letter you are likely to come across is – – which is often denoted by “Gn” and pronounced more like “nj”. For example, this letter is used in Aaranju, which is the Tamil translation of the word “Orange” and sounds similar too. The “nj” part of Aaranju is what you will need when you see words beginning with “Gn”. It may be difficult initially, but with some practice, you will surely master it!
  4.  
  5. Spoken Tamil is often different from Formal/ Written Tamil, and in order to differentiate the two, we have used the violet color to indicate Spoken Tamil Transliteration (Tamil words written using the English alphabet) and Spoken Tamil Script.
  6.  
  7. Throughout the lesson plan, the following sequencing has been used:
      1. a. Word/ Phrase/ Sentence in English
      2. b. Spoken Tamil Transliteration in English
      3. c. Spoken Tamil Script
      4. d. Formal Tamil Transliteration in English
      5. e. Formal Tamil Script

    1. THIS, THAT & WHAT

    Idhu, Adhu & Enna

    இது, அது & என்ன

    The words This, That and What are important words in any language. Let’s see how to say and use these words in Tamil.
      When we talk about a thing that is near to us, we use This. When we refer to something that is away from us, we use That and when we want to ask a question about something we say What. In Tamil, the word for This is Idhu இது, the word for That is Adhu அது and the word for What is Enna என்ன.
     

    Examples:

     

    THISIdhuஇது

    What is this?

    Idhu enna?

    இது என்ன?

    This is a pen.

    Idhu oru paenaa.

    இது ஒரு பேனா.

    What is this?

    Idhu enna?

    இது என்ன?

    This is a book.

    Idhu oru puththagam.

    இது ஒரு புத்தகம்.

    What is this?

    Idhu enna?

    இது என்ன?

    This is a kite.

    Idhu oru pattam.

    இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

     

    THAT Adhu அது

    What is that?

    Adhu enna?

    அது என்ன?

    That is a house.

    Adhu oru veedu.

    அது ஒரு வீடு.

    What is that?

    Adhu enna?

    அது என்ன?

    That is a tree.

    Adhu oru maram.

    அது ஒரு மரம்.

    What is that?

    Adhu enna?

    அது என்ன?

    That is a elephant.

    Adhu oru yaanai.

    அது ஒரு யானை.

     

    POINTS TO REMEMBER

    Ninaivil Kolga

    நினைவில் கொள்க
     
    This, ItIdhuஇது
    ThatAdhu அது
    What Enna என்ன
    A / An / One Oru ஒரு
    Pen Paenaa பேனா
    Book Puththagam புத்தகம்
    Kite Pattam பட்டம்
    House Veedu வீடு
    Tree Maram மரம்
    Elephant Yaanai யானை
     

    HELPFUL HINTS

    Uthavum Kurippu

    உதவும் குறிப்பு

    When learning a new language, it is helpful to know some rules or handy ways to remember new words. One way to help remember these and other words you will learn in the coming classes is that if a word is referring to something that is Here the corresponding Tamil word starts with the letter I.
      If the word is referring to something that is There or away from you, it starts with the letter A and if it is a Question it starts with the letter E.
      For example, the Tamil words for This and Here start with the letter I (Idhu, Inga). The Tamil words for That and There start with the letter A (Adhu, Anga) and the Tamil words for What and Where start with the letter E (Enna, Enga)
     

    2. QUESTIONS: HOW TO ASK – IS THIS / THAT?

    Kaelvigal: Idhu / Adhu – Kaelviyaaga Kaetpadhu Eppadi?

    கேள்விகள்: இது / அது – கேள்வியாக கேட்பது எப்படி?

     
    To ask a question in Tamil, we add an ‘ah’ sound at the end of an object, denoted by aa. For example: Idhu pattam இது பட்டம் means It is a kite, but to make it a question you ask Idhu pattamaa? இது பட்டமா? which means Is it a kite?   Adding the suffix aa to an object turns the statement into a question. You should always keep in mind that this suffix should not sound as a separate syllable – it should become one with the word. For example, pattam+aa = pattamaa (It should sound like pattamaa and not like pattam and an ‘ah’ sound after a pause).   When we have questions like – Is this a pen? or Is that a kite?, the answer is usually a Yes or No. Let us now learn to say Yes and No in Tamil.
     
    Yes
    Aamaam

    ஆமாம்
    Aam
    ஆம்
    No
    Illa

    இல்ல
    Illai
    இல்லை
     

    Examples:

     

    Is this (it) a kite?

    Idhu oru pattamaa?

    இது ஒரு பட்டமா?

    Yes, this (it) is a kite.

    Aamaam, idhu oru pattam.
    ஆமாம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

    Aam, idhu oru pattam.
    ஆம், இது ஒரு பட்டம்.

    Is that a book?

    Adhu oru puththagamaa?

    அது ஒரு புத்தகமா?

    No, that is a pen.

    Illa, adhu oru paenaa.
    இல்ல, அது ஒரு பேனா.

    Illai, adhu oru paenaa.
    இல்லை, அது ஒரு பேனா.

    Is this (it) an elephant?

    Idhu oru yaanaiya?

    இது ஒரு யானையா?

    No, this (it) is a tree.

    Illa, idhu oru maram.
    இல்ல, இது ஒரு மரம்.

    Illai, idhu oru maram.
    இல்லை, இது ஒரு மரம்.

     

    3. PARTS OF THE BODY

    Udal Uruppugal

    உடல் உறுப்புகள்
     
    Hair MudiமுடிKoondhalகூந்தல்
    Eye Kann கண்Kann கண்
    Nose Mookkuமூக்குMookkuமூக்கு
    Ear KaadhuகாதுKaadhuகாது
    Mouth Vaaiவாய்Vaai வாய்
    Neck Kazhuththuகழுத்துKazhuththuகழுத்து
    Hand KaiகைKaiகை
    Chest Nenjuநெஞ்சுMaarbuமார்பு
    Stomach VayiruவயிறுVayiruவயிறு
    Leg KaaluகாலுKaal கால்
    Foot Paadhamபாதம்Paadhamபாதம்
    Fingers Viralgalவிரல்கள்Viralgalவிரல்கள்
     
     

    See if you can answer the following questions:

    Pinvarum padangalaip paarththu bathil solga:

    பின்வரும் படங்களைப் பார்த்து பதில் சொல்க:
     
    1. Idhu enna?
    இது என்ன?
    Answer:
    2. Adhu paenaavaa?
    அது பேனாவா?
    Answer:
    3. Adhu enna?
    அது என்ன?
    Answer:
    4. Idhu veedaa?
    இது வீடா?
    Answer:
    5. Idhu enna?
    இது என்ன?
    Answer:
    6. Adhu enna?
    அது என்ன?
    Answer:
    7. Idhu kaadhaa?
    இது காதா?
    Answer:
     

    4. CONVERSATION: INTRODUCING YOURSELF

    Uraiyaadal: Ungalai Neengale Arimugappaduththik Kollungal

    உரையாடல்: உங்களை நீங்களே அறிமுகப்படுத்திக் கொள்ளுங்கள்

     
    Today you will learn how to introduce yourself in Tamil. The key words to know are:
     
    INaan நான்Naanநான்
    Enakku எனக்குEnakku எனக்கு
    MY En என்Enஎன்
    Ennoda என்னோட Enadhuஎனது
    Ennudaiya என்னுடைய
    ME Ennai என்னைEnnai என்னை
    Ennodu**
    En-kooda**
    En-kitta**
    என்னோடு
    என்-கூட
    என்-கிட்ட
    Ennodu**
    Enn-udan**
    Enn-idam**
    என்னோடு
    என்னுடன்
    என்னிடம்…
    MINE Ennodadhu என்னோடது Ennudaiyadhu என்னுடையது
     
    **In the case of the Object pronoun, Me, there are many different ways of saying it in Tamil. When Me is used along with different prepositions, various forms of the pronoun arise, which will be dealt with in future lessons.
     

    THINGS TO REMEMBER

    Ninaivil Kolga

    நினைவில் கொள்க

    Just as the words – I, Me, My and Mine refer to one’s self, but depend on the context in which they are used, in the same way, even in Tamil, the words Naan, En, Enakku, Enadhu and Ennudaiya depend on the context in which they are used.   For example, we use Enakku when we make statements such as ‘I like’, ‘I know’ and ‘I want’; whereas we use the word Naan also to talk about ourselves, but in statements beginning with ‘I am’ as in ‘I am a student’, ‘I am tired’ etc.   Now let’s learn some basic sentences to introduce ourselves:
     
    1. My name is _____________.
      En paeru ____________.
      என் பேரு ________________.
      Ennudaiya peyar ____________
     என்னுடைய பெயர் _____________.
    (Fill the blank with your name)
    2. I am studying in _____________ standard
      Naan ______________ vaguppu padikkiraen.
      நான் ______________ வகுப்பு படிக்கிறேன்.

      Naan ______________ vaguppil padikkiraen.
      நான் ____________ வகுப்பில் படிக்கிறேன்.
    (The class you are studying – 8th, 9th or 10th)
    3. The name of my school is ____________________.
      En palliyin paeru __________________________.
      என் பள்ளியின் பேரு ___________________________.

      Enadhu palliyin peyar ___________________________.
      எனது பள்ளியின் பெயர் ________________________.
    (Your School)
    4. I am working in ___________________.
      Naan ______________________ -la vaelai seyraen.
      நான் ______________________ -ல வேலை செய்றேன்.

      Naan ___________________ -il vaelai seygiraen.
      நான் __________________ -இல் வேலை செய்கிறேன்.
    (The name of your Organization)
    5. My father’s name is __________________.
      En appaavin paeru _____________________________.
      என் அப்பாவின் பேரு _____________________________.

      Ennudaiya appaavin peyar _____________________________.
      என்னுடைய அப்பாவின் பெயர் _____________________________.
      

    You can use appaavin paeru / appaa paeru – both are interchangeable. Adding –vin at the end is the same as adding ‘s at the end of a word in English for possessive nouns to denote ownership, like John’s house, book’s author etc.
      In the above example, we add –vin after the appaa to refer to Father’s name – it belongs to him, as opposed to saying My father is – which is about him.

    (Dad’s Name)
    6. My father is a ___________________.
      En appaa oru ________________________.
     என் அப்பா ஒரு _______________________________.

     Ennudaiya appa oru _____________________________.
     என்னுடைய அப்பா ஒரு _________________________.
    (Dad’s Occupation – doctor, electrician, engineer etc.)
    7. My mother’s name is ____________________________.
     En ammaavin paeru _____________________________.
     என் அம்மாவின் பேரு _____________________________.

     Ennudaiya ammaavin peyar _____________________________.
     என்னுடைய அம்மாவின் பெயர் ____________________________.
     

    Remember to add -vin after the word Ammaa as it is about your mother.

    (Mom’s Name)
    8. My mother is a __________________________.
     En ammaa oru _____________________________.
     என் அம்மா ஒரு _____________________________.

     Ennudaiya ammaa oru _____________________________.
     என்னுடைய அம்மா ஒரு _____________________________.
    (Mom’s Occupation – teacher, doctor, home-maker etc.)
    9. I live in __________________
     Naan ____________________ -la vaazhgiraen / vasikkiraen.
     நான் ____________________ -ல வாழ்கிறேன் / வசிக்கிறேன்.

     Naan ____________________ -il vaazhgiraen / vasikkiraen.
     நான் ____________________ -இல் வாழ்கிறேன் / வசிக்கிறேன்.
     

    The word vasikkiraen is used when you talk about the town or the locality where you live. You say vaazhgiraen, when you refer to the country or the continent you are from. For example, if you say I am from Washington, you use vasikkiraen and if you are telling someone that you are from America, you use vaazhgiraen.
      In both cases you add -la at the end of the town, locality, country or continent you are referring to, as this indicates that you are referring to a place. For example, Washington becomes Washington-la and America becomes America-la.

    (Place where you live)
    10. I like ___________________________ very much.
     Enakku ____________________ romba pudikkum.
     எனக்கு ____________________ ரொம்ப புடிக்கும்.

     Enakku ____________________ migavum pidikkum.
     எனக்கு ____________________ மிகவும் பிடிக்கும்
    (Example pizza, cakes, fruit etc.)
    11. I do not like ___________________________.
     Enakku ___________________________ pudikkaadhu.
     எனக்கு ___________________________ புடிக்காது.

     Enakku ___________________________ pidikkaadhu. 
     எனக்கு ___________________________ பிடிக்காது.
    (Aunt Jenny, vegetables, earthquakes etc.)
       

    5. NEW WORDS

    Pudhu Vaarththaigal

    புது வார்த்தைகள்

    Learn the following words to help build your vocabulary:

     
    NamePaeru பேருPeyarபெயர்
    StudyingPadikkiraen படிக்கிறேன்Padikkiraen படிக்கிறேன்
    Working Vaelai seyraenவேலை செய்றேன் Vaelai seygiraen வேலை செய்கிறேன்
    Residing Vasikkiraen வசிக்கிறேன் Vasikkiraen வசிக்கிறேன்
    Living Vaazhgiraen வாழ்கிறேன் Vaazhgiraen வாழ்கிறேன்
    Very much Romba ரொம்பMikka மிக்க
    Migavumமிகவும்
    Like Pudikkum புடிக்கும் Pidikkum பிடிக்கும்
    Do not like / Dislike Pudikkaadhu புடிக்காது Pidikkaadhu பிடிக்காது
     

    6. EXERCISES

    Payirchigal

    பயிற்சிகள்

     

    I. Answer the following questions in Tamil – say Yes / No:

    Pinvarum kaelvigalukku Aamaam / Illa endru bathil kooruga:

    பின்வரும் கேள்விகளுக்கு ஆமாம் / இல்லை என்று பதில் கூறுக:

     
    Idhu kannaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu kaalaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu kaadhaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu kaiyaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu kaalaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu vaayaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
    Idhu paadhamaa?Aamaam / Illa _____________
     

    II. Fill in the blanks and translate these into Tamil:

    Koditta idaththai nirappi, muzhu thodaraiyum Thamizhil mozhi peyarththu ezhudhuga:

    கோடிட்ட இடத்தை நிரப்பி, முழு தொடரையும் தமிழில் மொழி பெயர்த்து எழுதுக:

    Example – Udhaaranam உதாரணம்:

     

    I am studying Thamizh.
    Naan Thamizh padikkiraen
    ____________.

      1. My name is __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________  
    2. I am living in __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      3. Seventy five
    _____________________________________________________________________
      4. My father’s name is __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      5. I like __________________ very much
    _____________________________________________________________________
      6. Hundred
    _____________________________________________________________________
    7. I am working in __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      8. My mother’s name is __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      9. Eighty
    _____________________________________________________________________
      10. My father is a __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      11. My school’s name is __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      12. My mother is a __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      13. I don’t like __________________.
    _____________________________________________________________________
      14. Ten
    _____________________________________________________________________
      15. Twenty-five
    _____________________________________________________________________
      16. Stomach
    _____________________________________________________________________
      17. Thirty-eight
    _____________________________________________________________________
      18. Forty-six
    _____________________________________________________________________
      19. Leg
    _____________________________________________________________________
      20. Fifty-nine
    _____________________________________________________________________
    21. Hair
    _____________________________________________________________________
      22. Nose
    _____________________________________________________________________